Wan Asana Bucha and Wan Khao Pansa are very important Thai Buddhist holidays that fall next to each other, usually in July. In 2014, Wan Asana Bucha is on Friday, 11 July 2014 and Wan Khao Pansa on Saturday, 12 July 2014. This creates a long three-day weekend, where many businesses, government offices, schools and the like will be closed. There will be restrictions on Alcohol sales as well. There will be many activities around the temples, predominantly listening to sermons, making merit, feeding of monks, wiang tien, etc.
Photo by Selapoom Pairor
Wan Asana Bucha
Full moon of the eighth lunar month (usually in July). Friday, 11 July 2014. The day before Wan Khao Pansa is known as Asanha Puja (วันอาสาฬหบูชา) Wan Asana Bucha in Thai (pronounced wan ah sa ha boo cha). This commemorates the Buddha’s first sermon in the Deer Park at Benares (Varanasi) in India. In this sermon, known as Setting the Wheel of Dhamma in Motion, the Buddha first spelled out the Four Noble Truths and the Noble Eightfold Path. This day is also regarded as the founding day of the Buddhist sangha (monkhood).
Many Thai people will return to their ancestral homes to worship in their local temple and to bring offerings for the monks. In the evening they will often perform a wian tian, where they walk clockwise around the main shrine of the temple carrying a candle, three incense sticks and a lotus bed. During the day, monks chant mantras or repeat the first sermon of the Buddha.
Pictures July 7, 2014
Assoc. Prof. Dr.Thanuttkhul Mongkolaussavarat
Assistant Rector of Chulabhorn Graduate Institute
together with CGI instructors, staffs, and students
went to Lak Si temple on the occasion of Buddhist Lent
to donate candles, money, and utensils to monks
for studying dharma whilst staying in the temple.
Wan Khao Pansa
First day after the full moon of the eighth lunar month (usually in July). Saturday, 12 July 2014. Wan Khao Pansa (วันเข้าพรรษา) means the day of entering the rains retreat. This is a three-month annual retreat usually undertaken from July to October, during which monks must stay at the same temple, and refrain from wandering around the countryside. In India, it is known as Vassa. It begins on the day after Asana Bucha. The tradition dates from the time of the Buddha, when he forbade monks to travel during the rainy season for fear that they might unintentionally harm crops or insects in the places where they walked.
The Rains Retreat in Thailand
In Thailand, monks use the retreat to meditate more intensively. Lay people will often use this period to adopt more ascetic practices, abstaining from meat, alcohol or cigarettes, for example. Wan Khao Pansa is often referred to as Buddhist Lent, as its emphases on reflection and self-denial bear outward resemblance to the Christian Lenten period (though pre-dating it by over 500 years). It is also a time when many young Thai men ordain and join the monkhood for part or all of the period of the rains retreat. This is a traditional rite of passage for most young Thai men, and it creates valuable merit for the whole family.
Buddhist Lent Festival
Ubon Ratchatani is arguably the best place to enjoy this festival. Celebrants make giant candles and parade them through the streets along with floats depicting scenes from Buddhist and Hindu mythology. The floats are made of wood or plaster, but are coated with wax so that they fit with the candle motif. Each float and candle represents a specific temple in Ubon Ratchatani.
One important tradition for Wan Khao Pansa is “Khao Phansa Candles Making Ceremony” (ประเพณีหล่อเทียนพรรษา) where people bring white and yellow candles to make the Khao Phansa candles.
Also “Candle Festival” is the major event occurs on this day. The most famous of Candle Festival locates at Ubon Ratchathanee province, at Thung Sri Mueng temple which is the province’s most popular annual event. Local artists express their artistic talents and techniques through crafting and placing Thai pattern with the candle. The magnificent candles also demonstrate the link of local custom and religious belief. After the procession, they are presented to local temples.
Wan Khao Phansa is also the national “No alcohol day”. All venues are prohibited from wholesale or retail distribution and sales of alcohol, except hotels. The government also encourages their people to stop drinking during these three months with the campaign งดเหล้าเข้าพรรษา [Ngod Lao Kao Phansa].
Professor Dr. Her Royal Highness Princess Chulabhorn Walailak was born on 4 July 1957 in Bangkok, she is the youngest daughter of Their Majesties King Bhumibol Adulyadej and Queen Sirikit of Thailand.
As a qualified scientist, Her Royal Highness Princess Chulabhorn has always attached the greatest importance to the role of science in social and economic development, and accordingly originally conceived the idea of creating a national institute to assist in the development of Thailand.
Honors: Academic & Institute H.R.H. Princess Chulabhorn is a Professor of Chemistry at Mahidol University where she joined the faculty in 1985. Her special research interests are in the chemistry of natural products and in Thai medicinal plant, environmental health problems of developing countries and cancer research. She was the third person in the world to be awarded UNESCO's Einstein Medal for her continuous effort in promoting scientific collaboration in Asia and the Pacific, and she was the first Asian to be invited to join the Royal Society of Chemistry, in England, as an Honorary Fellow. She is also chairperson of the Working Group on the Chemistry of Natural Products collaborative programme between the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science and the National Research Council of Thailand.
H.R.H. Princess Chulabhorn has received international recognition for her scientific accomplishments in her appointment to various United Nations posts, namely special advisor to the United Nations Environment Programme and member of the Special High-Level Council for the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction of the United Nations. In addition, she has also been visiting professor at universities in Germany, Japan and U.S.A., and has received numerous honorary doctoral degrees from universities in U.S.A., U.K., Japan and elsewhere. Recently she has received the 2002 Environmental Mutagen Society-Hollaender International fellow Award, and in 2006 the Intergovernmental Forum on Chemical Safety Special Recognition Award, and most recently the Nagoya Medal Special Award presented to Her Royal Highness in October 2006 at Nagoya University.
Highly devoted the time and efforts to academic and scientific research
A professor in Chemistry at the Mahidol University
The President of the Chulabhorn Research Institute
The UNESCO Einstein Medal
The first Asian to be invited to join the Royal Society of Chemistry in the United Kingdom as an Honorary Fellow
Contribution to educational development activities
H.R.H. Princess Chulabhorn has been continuously a lecturer in biochemistry at Siriraj Medical School
A member of Tokyo University Council
Chulabhorn Rajwitayalai Schools were established in 12 remote provinces throughout the country to promote science and general education at elementary level
“A pill to make you numb
A pill to make you dumb
A pill to make you anybody else
But all the drugs in this world
Won’t save her from herself”
― Marilyn Manson
International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking
The United Nations’ (UN) International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking falls on June 26 each year to raise awareness of the major problem that illicit drugs represent to society. This day is supported by individuals, communities and various organizations all over the world.
June 26 is the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking. Established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1987, this day serves as a reminder of the goals agreed to by Member States of creating an international society free of drug abuse.
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) selects themes for the International Day and launches campaigns to raise awareness about the global drug problem. Health is the ongoing theme of the world drug campaign.
Visakha Bucha (or Visakha Puja) Day, also known as Buddha’s Day, is an annual public holiday observed traditionally by Buddhists all over the world especially in Southeast Asian and South Asian countries of Thailand, Cambodia, Myanmar, Malaysia, Singapore, Vietnam, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and India. The festival commemorates the Birth, the Enlightenment of the Lord Buddha, and his entry into Nirvana or his Death, on the same date. This major Buddhist festival of the year is celebrated in different ways all over the world. The date varies according to the lunar calendars used in different countries. In Thailand it is always on the first full moon day. In 2014 the day falls on Tuesday, 13th of May.
Pictures showed places of Buddha's Birth, Enlightenemnt, and Nivarna in India - from Google. Reference from Thai Culture Page @CGI
Traditionnally, Their Majesties the King and Queen presided over Vian tian procession by walking the lighted candles around Wat Pra Sriratanasasdaram in the Grand Palace.
On the special occasion that His Majesty the King entered the monkhood, he performed the ceremony as a monk.
This year May 13, 2014 is Visakha Bucha Day of Buddhist celebration of Buddha's Birth, Enlightenment, and Nivarna which occured on the same days.
The Royal Ceremony takes place at the Royal Temple adjacent to the Grand Palace, and is presided over by H.M. the King, or his Royal Appointee, and attended by Members of the Royal Family both in the morning and the evening rites
The festival concludes on the night of the full moon when the devotees join in the ceremony of circling 3 times a temple or chedi, with lighted candles and incense, and flowers in hand as a sign of respect to the Buddha, the Dharma, and the Sangha. This particular rite is called “vian tian” in Thai. Observers and tourists join in the procession of this beautiful candlelit night. Reference from Thai Culture Page @CGI
Archival pictures of Royal procssion of vian tian from Google.
Prior to the establishment of Chakri Dynasty (the current royal lineage), the Kingdom of Siam (former name of Thailand) was in turmoil. Aggressive Burmese troops occupied the Northern Kingdom of Lan Na and were proceeding down south to the Siamese Royal Capital of Ayutthaya. A young man of noble Ayutthaya descent named Thong Duang (born in 1737) commanded the bitter fights in the Northern war. Despite the efforts to fight back, they were gradually forced to fall back until the Burmese had gotten a grip on the Royal Capital. Ayutthaya fell on April 8th, 1767 and the Siamese people fled to the city of Thonburi located further downriver on the mighty Chaophraya River. The beautiful city of Ayutthaya was destroyed by the Burmese, temples plundered, gold and jewelry looted, monks and women were cruelly effected. But the Burmese had suffered heavily in the taking of Ayutthaya and knew the Siamese would return to take up battle. Knowing they could not hold Ayutthaya, the Burmese retreated after only one week. War campaigns continued over the years, ebbing and flowing, until the Siamese armies united during 1779 in Thonburi. Thong Duang now known as Chakri became the military commander. He realized that the Royal Court of King Taaksin was in such disharmony because the King, weary of wars, had resorted to religion rather than addressed the needs of his subjects. The lack of leadership caused rebellions to break out. Rebels marched on Thonburi, calling for the overthrow and replacement of King Taaksin with their beloved “Chakri.” As a result Chaophraya Chakri took the title “King Ramathibodi” and reigned as King Rama I from April 6 1782 until 1809.
As an experienced military campaigner, King Rama I of the Chakri Dynasty knew that the city of Thonburi was vulnerable to possible Burmese attack from the west. Accordingly, he commanded that a new Capital be established across Chaophraya River. And so Krung - Thep (Bangkok) was created.
Chakri Day commemorates the founding of the Chakri Dynasty in 1782 by King Rama I. In the new capital city of Bangkok, King Rama I built the Grand Palace that now houses the Emerald Buddha. In addition, he helped release Thailand from the Burmese control, after Ayutthaya succumbed 14 years earlier.
In commemorating “Chakri Day,” the national flag is proudly displayed by the people of Thailand and both government officials and members of the community participate in traditional ceremonies, making offerings of flowers and garlands at the many statues of Kings in the House of Chakri.
King Bhumibol Adulyadej is the current King, known as King Rama IX or the ninth King of the Chakri dynasty. A Royal ceremony is performed by the King to pay respects to King Rama I the Great, the founder of the Chakri Dynasty.
Songkran is the occasion for family re-unions, temple visits and annual house cleaning. Many Thais observe the holidays by spending time with families and friends. Traditionally, Thais perform the Rod Nam Dum Hua ritual on the first day of Songkran, which is officially the National Elderly Day. During the ritual, young people would pour fragrant water into the elders’ palms as a gesture of humility and to ask for their blessings.
The second day of Songkran is officially the National Family Day. Families would wake up early and give alms to the monks, then ideally the rest of the day would be spent sharing quality family time together. An important religious ritual on Songkran is ‘Bathing the Buddha image’, in which devout Buddhists pour fragrant water over Buddha statues both at the temple and at home. More religious Thais would engage themselves in Buddhist ceremonies and merit-making activities throughout the holidays.
Water as Symbolism Contradictory to what you may have witnessed throughout Songkran, fun-loving Thais don’t just throw water at each other for no good reason (besides having a kick out of seeing other people soaking wet). The real meaning behind the splashes is to symbolically wash off all misfortunes in the past year, thus welcoming the new year with a fresh new start.
Traditionally, Thais would politely pour a bowl of water on members of the family, their close friends and neighbours. As Songkran has taken a more festive note, a bowl becomes a bucket, garden hose and water guns, and the spirit of holiday merriment is shared amongst all town residents and tourists alike.
Making Merit Making merit is an essential part of Songkran, and visiting nine sacred temples during Songkran considered one of the ultimate accumulators.
Songkran Do’s and Don’ts
✔ Do give alms and make merit (or just witness the rituals if you are not a Buddhist)
✔ Do use waterproof bags to protect your valuables
✔ Do watch your belongings
✔ Do use public transportation if you are heading to one of Songkran ‘hotspots’, as traffic will be paralysed
✔ Do try wishing the locals a happy new year in Thai – “Sawasdee Pee Mai!”
✔ Do smile and have fun
✘ Do not douse monks, babies or the elderly ✘ Do not drive when you have been drinking ✘ Do not throw water with ice or dirty water ✘ Do not throw water at motorcyclists, to prevent road accidents
Happy Songkran 2014
No other public holidays in Thailand that the people enjoy the feasts and activities to the full as much as the Songkran holiday.
Lasting 3 days, from April 13 until 15, and in some places as long as 5-7 days, this much waited for holiday celebrated nationwide is the traditional Thai New Year. More about Songkran
Pictures from Google
Royal statue of King Naresuan at Naresuan university,
Phitsanulok province, Thailand
King Naresuan entered Hanthawadi (now Pegu),
mural painting by Phraya Anusatchitrakon,
Wat Suwandararam, Ayutthaya.
King Naresuan The Great, Somdet Phra Naresuan Maharat (Thai: สมเด็จพระนเรศวรมหาราช) was passed away on April 25 ,1605 (1555 – 1605).
Somdet Phra Naresuan Maharat or Somdet Phra Sanphet II (1555 – 1605) was the King of the Ayutthaya kingdom from 1590 until his death in 1605. Naresuan was one of Siam's most revered monarchs as he was known for his campaigns to free Siam from Burmese rule. During his reign numerous wars were fought against Burma, and Siam reached its greatest territorial extent and influence.
Prince Naret was born in the city of Phitsanulok. He was the son of King Maha Thammarachathirat of Phitsanulok and his queen Wisutkasat. His mother was a daughter of Maha Chakkrapat and Queen Sri Suriyothai. His father was a Sukhothai noble, who had defeated Vorawongsathirat in 1548 and put Maha Chakkrapat on the throne. He was therefore an influential figure.
Prince Naret was also known as the Black Prince (Thai: พระองค์ดำ), and his younger brother Ekathotsarot was known as the White Prince. It is a common belief that these nicknames was given later due to a good cop/bad cop image of Naresuan and his brother. That is to say, while King “Naresuan the Black” ruled with an iron-fist, his brother “Ekathotsarot the White” intercedes on the behalf of the people. General opinion, however, attributes the virtues of Ekathotsarot to Naresuan. Supporter of this theory claims that as a military king, Naresuan needs to be seen as a strict and severe leader, and therefore commissioned his brother to act out the role play. His elder sister Suphankanlaya was known as the Golden Princess, presumably due to her adherence to chivalric honor.
In 1563 Bayinnaung, the King of Pegu, led massive Burmese armies in an invasion of Siam. King Bayinnuang laid siege to Phitsanulok. Maha Thammarachathirat came to believe that the city would not be able to withstand a long siege, so he surrendered to the Burmese. King Bayinnuang took Phitsanulok and made the Kingdom of Sukhothai a Burmese tributary. MahaThammarachathirat had to send his sons – the Black and the White Prince – to Pegu as captives to ensure the king's fidelity. (Resource & Photo From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naresuan)
Some historians raised doubts about just how fluent the king's Burmese had actually been. Others suggested he had picked up a taste for betel nut and tea in Ayutthaya, which, historian Thamrongsak Petchlert-anan was swift to point out, were popular in the Thai capital during the king's reign from 1590 to 1605. Naresuan learned military strategy and political science during his nine years as a captive at the Burmese court at Pegu, according to “A History of Burma” by Maung Htin Aung. According to Thai and Burmese accounts, Prince Naresuan was sent to live in Pegu in order to ensure his father Somdet Phra Maha Thammarachathirat remained loyal to Burmese King Bayinnaung. Prince Naresuan returned to Siam when he was 16 and immediately committed his life to non-stop warfare. Nineteen years later he became king and embarked on continuous military campaigns, dying at the age of 50. A study of King Naresuan's battles indicates that the warrior king looked at politics far beyond the Chao Phya River basin, Sunait said. “He didn't just defend Ayutthaya: he actively attacked Burma. The king carried war into the Irrawaddy basin in order to maintain the stability of Ayutthaya,” the historian said. King Naresuan launched an attack on Ava to prevent Burma's new king from becoming stronger than the preceding one, he added. King Naresuan may have believed that a stable Ayutthaya required a weakened Ava and launched his campaign to prevent his western rival from extending its power over the Irrawaddy and Chao Phya basins, Sunait said. Historians agree that King Naresuan died before he arrived at the Burmese capital, but they disagree on the location.
The “father of Thai history” has King Naresuan dying in Siam, in tambon Thung Kaew, then known as Muang Hang. This is the established view set out in “The Biography of King Naresuan the Great” written in 1950 by Prince Damrongrajanubhap. According to Prince Damrong, King Naresuan and his younger brother Somdet Phra Ekathotsarot led their troops from Ayutthaya to Muang Chiang Mai, where they collected another 200,000 soldiers. The king then divided the troops into two armies, assigning his brother to lead one to Muang Fang while he headed to Muang Hang. But while Thai historians say King Naresuan died at Muang Hang, the Shan people beg to differ. According to their popular history, King Naresuan died at the Shan town of Mongton while on his way to help Chao Kham Kai Noi, the Prince of Hsenwi, resist the Burmese. Naresuan is still remembered by the Shan as the Thai king who helped them win independence for the Shan State in 1600 with his ally the Prince of Hsenwi. In the Shan version, their independence hinges on a deep friendship. The two Siamese princes and the Prince of Hsenwi forged a close bond while they were fellow hostages at the Burmese court, and King Naresuan died while rushing to the aid of a friend of his youth, they say. The Thai chronicles are less appealing. They have the warrior king dying of a sudden illness, a toxic disease characterised by skin pustules. According to the Shan, however, the Thai king and the Shan prince died side by side on the battlefield. Many Shan believe King Naresuan was cremated and his ashes interred in a stupa in Mongton, in the southern part of the Shan State. Shan soldiers still revere the Thai king as a hero who helped liberate them. Many wear King Naresuan amulets to protect them in their ongoing war with the Burmese junta. Recent Thai scholarship, however, identifies the town where King Naresuan died as Wieng Haeng in Chiang Mai. Villagers there even claim the “Royal Ceremonial Felt Hat” believed to have been worn by the king into battle was found in Wieng Haeng and has been kept there as historical evidence. (Resource Warrior king remains a very modern mystery http://www.nationmultimedia.com/2006/04/30/headlines/headlines_30002880.php)
Researchers are informed to publish their papers in ISI database, in order to be accepted in terms of international scholarly quality. In Thailand, the TCI was established to represent a Thai citation database initiative, and institutionalized since 2001 from the effort of KMUTT faculty and staff, who received a support from TRF - Thailand Research Fund.
List of science and technology journals indexed in TCI http://www.kmutt.ac.th/jif/public_html/list%20journal.php?branch=S
This list provides a number Thai journals qualified by TCI. Information on publishers and web access to the journals are available.
And, the Office of Higher Education requires that in the application process for faculty status, papers submitted for qualifying consideration must be those appeared in TCI database.
TCI is a reference database aimed:
to provide searching tool for cited research articles published in Thailand and mostly by Thai institutions
to analyze and report TCI impact factors or Journal Impact Factors of the journals incorporated in TCI database
to encourage knowledge and awareness on journal impact factors, h-index and quality of research articles at international level
to research and distribute research work conducted by Thai research community for wider recognition among the international research community
to collaborate with national and international publishers for improvement of the quality of Thai journals.
TCI journal selection criteria:
Journals must publish only peer reviewed articles
Distribution and publication dates must be accurate and punctual according to frequency announced formally
Must continually publish research articles for a minimum 3 years by the date incorporated by TCI
Must carry citation indexed and searchable from TCI database
Must have the editorial board that comprised members from various institutions
Must publish articles from various authors and sources from internal and external institutions
Must publish standard printing format, international bibliographic data, and uniform style of citation
Must publish the electronic version of the journal on web, and provide on-line submission of articles on web.
WORLD CANCER DAY A truly global event taking place every year on 4 February, World Cancer Day unites the world’s population in the fight against cancer. It aims to save millions of preventable deaths each year by raising awareness and education about the disease, pressing governments and individuals across the world to take action.
WORLD CANCER DAY 2014 Building on the success of last year’s campaign, World Cancer Day 2014 will focus on Target 5 of the World Cancer Declaration Reduce stigma and dispel myths about cancer, under the tagline “Debunk the myths”. There are still so many myths about the disease out there and this Day is the perfect opportunity for people to dispel them. Greater awareness and education about cancer can lead to positive change at an individual, community and policy level and across the continuum of cancer care. For World Cancer Day 2014 we will focus on four key myths and go about ‘debunking’ them through the various materials we are producing.
WHY WORLD CANCER DAY IS IMPORTANT Put simply, because the global cancer epidemic is huge and is set to rise. 1.5 million lives which would be lost to cancer, could be saved per year if decisive measures are taken to achieve the World Health Organization’s (WHO) ‘25 by 25’ target; to reduce premature deaths due to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) by 25% by2025. Currently, 7.6 million people die from cancer worldwide every year, out of which, 4 million people die prematurely (aged 30 to 69 years). So unless urgent action is taken to raise awareness about the disease and to develop practical strategies to address cancer, by 2025, this is projected to increase to an alarming 6 million premature cancer deaths per year. The estimate of 1.5 million lives lost per year to cancer that could be prevented must serve to galvanise our efforts in implementing the World Health Organization’s (WHO) ‘25 by 25’ target. There is now a need for a global commitment to help drive advancements in policy and encourage implementation of comprehensive National Cancer Control Plans. If we are to succeed in this, we have a collective responsibility to support low- and middle-income countries who are tackling a cancer epidemic with insufficient resources. World Cancer Day is the ideal opportunity to spread the word and raise the profile of cancer in people’s minds and in the world’s media.
On the occasion of Thai Veterans Day which falls on this Monday , the 3rd of February , The War Veterans Organization of Thailand under Royal Patronage of His Majesty the King has an honor to arrange the ceremonies and activities as Religious Ceremony , Parade Ceremony , Exhibition and the Concert to commemorate the heroic deeds of the veterans who sacrificed their lives to defend our nation. The activities of Veterans Day commence from the 1st of February - the 3rd of February.
Red Poppy Flowers
The History of Thai Soldiers and Volunteers
The Royal Speech given to the veterans on the 23 rd January 1990 said that “War Veterans are most honourable persons. Because they have sacrificed their comfort, the wholeness of their bodies, even their flesh and blood and their very lives for their homeland and for their fellow citizens. Be proud and invite to keep your genuine dignity at all times.”
- The First World War ( W W I )
- The War of French Indo - China
- The War of Greater East Asia ( W W II )
Thai Veterans Day is recognized every year on 3 February which was set following the establishment of The War Veterans Organization of Thailand (WVO) on this day. The WVO was established by The War Veterans Act B.E. 2491 which was revised by the War Veterans Organization Act B.E. 2510 as a juristic entity operated by the Royal Thai Government, for charity purposes.
The organization aims to provide aid and assistance to the veterans and their families. The income of WVO comes from subsidy from the Ministry of Defense and the Government's allocated funds on certain occasions including donations. The organizational supports are in the way of general welfares, occupations, agricultural settlement, medical treatment, privilege and their prestige.
On the Veterans Day, every year, the WVO organizes activities to commemorate veterans' virtues and losses. Thai people also take part in such commemorative day through the purchasing of artificial red poppy flowers, the international symbol of veterans for their sacrifice to their motherlands, as the donations contributing to the WVO’s fund.
Each year on 16 January, Thailand celebrates National Teachers’ Day to underline the importance of teachers and to show gratitude to them. According to the Ministry of Education, the celebration of National Teachers’ Day 2014 focuses on the concept of honoring “Mother and Teacher of the Land.”
The celebration of National Teachers’ Day 2014 is the 58th of its kind. 16 January was chosen as Teachers’ Day to commemorate the enforcement of the Teachers Act on 16 January 1946, and it was celebrated for the first time in 1957. Various activities to mark this occasion include a ceremony to pay respect to senior teachers, as well as an award presentation to honor teachers, along with a discussion and an exhibition.
บทสวดเคารพคุณ ครูอาจารย์ (Song in Praise of Guru and Aacariya)
“ปาเจราจริยา โหนฺติ คุณุตฺตรานุสาสกา ปฺญญาวุฑฺฒิกเรเตเต ทินฺโนวาเท นมามิหํ”
“I bow my head in reverence of another great value, which is that of the guru and aacariya or the teachers who impart valuable lessons of right and wrong to their pupils with great kindness, who expound and impart their knowledge to the pupils, helping them comprehend the lessons by means of explanation and delineation. Always in the mind of a teacher is the constant and unshakable wish for the students’ happiness and freedom from harm. A teacher is one who strives to cultivate the minds of his or her students, to help them overcome the dark veil of ignorance and doubtfulness and illuminate their minds. The virtue of the teacher is revered as one of the most exalted virtues in the Three Realms (heaven, earth, and underworld). We should, therefore, bear in mind the great value of a teacher with respect and reverence at all time.”
Paraphrased from “Kunanukun Tri Pak (คุณานุคุณไตรภาค)“
Published for the occasion of Her Royal Highness Princess Petcharajrajsuda Sirisobhapanwadi 84th Birthday Anniversary in 2009,
by the Office of National Education Council. The publication is available from CGI Learning Center.
Her Majesty Queen Sri Bajarindra (Queen Sawabha Phongsri)
Her Majesty Queen Sri Bajarindra was born Her Royal Highness Princess Sawabha Phongsri on 1 January 1864, to His Majesty King Mongkut (Rama IV) and the Princess Consort Piyamavadi of the Aristocratic Sucharitkul family.
Thailand celebrates the 150th Anniversary of the Birthday of Her Majesty Queen Sri Bajarindra (Queen Sawabha Phongsri) on 1 January 2014.
UNESCO has pronounced Her Majesty Queen Sri Bajarindra - the Queen of His Majesty King Chulalongkorn on the list of Anniversaries of historic events and of eminent personalities, celebrated by Member States and Associate Members with which UNESCO is associated in 2014-2015.
Queen Savang was listed in the UNESCO Calendar of Anniversaries of Great Personalities and Historic Events, 2012-2013, on her 150th anniversary in 2012.
Poignantly, her beloved sister, Her Majesty Queen Regent Sri Bajarindra has been listed in the UNESCO Calendar of Anniversaries of Great Personalities and Historic Events, 2014-2015, also on her 150th anniversary in 2014.
His Majesty the King has commanded a Royal Ceremony to be held at the Grand Palace on 24 January 2014, to mark this special gesture.
Her Majesty the Queen Regent was the first woman of Siam to oversee the betterment of the Siamese women, first making herself a teacher to the Court of King Chulalongkorn, teaching the ladies the proper ways and educating them about Siamese ceremonies and culture.
She also got to witness two World Wars, the many changes within her beloved Kingdom, many more heartaches under dictatorial rules and corruptions under the banner of democracy, of how the peaceful Siam of old has tuned into a contradicting country with power-hungry personage vying to run the show.
Her Majesty passed away on 20 October 1919, in the reign of her eldest son, King Vajiravudh or Rama VI, at the age of 55.