Today's Alert 2018-2010

December 2018

December 5, World Soil Day

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World Soil Day is celebrated annually on the 5th of December at the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) headquarters in Rome, the regional offices and through national and local events.

  • Soils have a great potential to filter and buffer contaminants, degrading and attenuating the negative effects of pollutants, but this capacity is finite. Most of the pollutants originate from human activities, such as unsustainable farming practices, industrial activities and mining, untreated urban waste and other non-environmental friendly practices. As technology evolves, scientists are able to identify previously undetected pollutants, but at the same time these technological improvements lead to new contaminants being released into the environment.

  • Facts & Figures
    • According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO):
      • Soil holds three times as much carbon as the atmosphere and can help us meet the challenges of a changing climate
      • 815 million people are food insecure and 2 billion people are nutritionally insecure, but we can mitigate this through soil.
      • 95% of our food comes from soil
      • 33% of our global soils are already degraded


Reference

November 2018

Loy Krathong History


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In November some may wonder what is going on in Thailand when seeing travel magazine ads, posters at your hotel of Thai girls dressing in traditional Thai clothing with a beautiful floating object. That's a sign indicating that Loy Krathong is on its way. In Thai Loy means to float and Krathong means a circular floating object with decoration of banana leaves, flowers, a candle and incense sticks. All these are related to Loy Krathong, an event which does not occur on the same date every year; instead it counts on the full moon night of the twelfth lunar month. In this year 2007 it will be held on November 24, a romantic night. People look forward to going out and launching Krathongs together to predict the romance future by the direction the Krathongs float. However, this season is also good for strengthening relationship in family.

The history of Loy Krathong is rather obscure. Some believe that Krathong was first created by Tao Sri Chulalak or Nang Noppamas in Sukothai.

Others overlook its origin yet focus on the purposes of the ritual: to pay respect to the Goddess of the Water showing their gratitude on their plentiful use of water and ask for forgiveness in the ensuing pollution. Floating the beautiful Krathong away, which is the key activity in Loy Krathong, also refers to flying away misfortune and bad things in the past and asking for good luck in the future. Although it is not a national holiday, many activities other than floating Krathong, are conducted in this festival, such as, contests of Krathong-making and Noppamas beauty pageants, local games and performances and fireworks.


Reference

July 2018

Long Live our Professor Dr. Her Royal Highness Princess Chulabhorn

Princess Chulabhorn was born on 4 July 1957, Bangkok, is a princess of Thailand, the youngest daughter of King Bhumibol Adulyadej and Queen Sirikit. She is officially styled Her Royal Highness Princess Chulabhorn, which corresponds to her full Thai title Somdet Phrachao Luk Thoe Chaofa Chulabhorn Walailak Agrarajakumari.

Professor Dr. Her Royal Highness Princess Chulabhorn is an acclaimed scientist who has received many international recognitions for her scientific achievements. She has envisioned the Chulabhorn Graduate Institute to be a professional scientific research institution and Centre of Excellence in the Asia-Pacific region, to assist and expedite the increase in number of efficient quality human resources development in science and high technology, in order to serve Thailand and other countries in the region, particularly in the fields urgently needed, with professional competence in transforming their knowledge into tangible, applicable development programs.

May 2018

Professor Dr. Piyarat Govitrapong is a recipient of the TRF Annual Outstanding Research Award 2017

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The Rector of Chulabhorn Graduate Institute Prof. Dr.Somsak Ruchirawat, congratulated Prof. Dr. Piyarat Govitrapong, Chair of Applied Biological Sciences Program, on receiving the TRF Annual Outstanding Research Award 2560 from The Thailand Research Fund (TRF).

On 23 May 2018, TRF held an event to present honorary awards for outstanding researchers for the year 2017 where Prof. Dr. Piyarat Govitrapong received the TRF Annual Outstanding Research Award 2560 for the research work on “Effects of Melatonin on brain aging and Alzheimer’s disease” Deputy Prime Minister ACM Prajin Juntong chaired the award ceremony, which was held at the Swissotel Le Concorde Bangkok.

The main objective of TRF is to provide support for basic research, strategic basic research, translational research and the development of researchers at both local and national levels. To honor and promote excellence in research, TRF annually selects award recipients who have conducted outstanding and exemplary research. In accordance with the national strategic plan, TRF award criteria are now based on research application instead of types of research. The TRF Annual Outstanding Research Award 2017 were given to 14 winners in public policy, commerce, community development and academic research fields



April 2018

Songkran Festival - April 13th to 15th

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New Year celebration, Rot Nam Dam Hua, a traditional way to celebrate with elders. Most Thai people go back to their hometowns to meet their elders.

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Water fights along the west moat.

Songkran (Thai: เทศกาลสงกรานต์, pronounced [tʰêːt.sā.kāːn sǒŋ.krāːn]) is the Thai New Year's festival. The Thai New Year's Day is 13 April every year, but the holiday period includes 14–15 April as well. The word “Songkran” comes from the Sanskrit word saṃkrānti (Devanāgarī: संक्रांति), literally “astrological passage”, meaning transformation or change. The term was borrowed from Makar Sankranti, the name of a Hindu harvest festival celebrated in India in January to mark the arrival of spring. It coincides with the rising of Aries on the astrological chart and with the New Year of many calendars of South and Southeast Asia, in keeping with the Buddhist/Hindu solar calendar.

  • What is Songkran?
    • Songkran is the occasion for family re-unions, temple visits and annual house cleaning. Many Thais observe the holidays by spending time with families and friends. Traditionally, Thais perform the Rod Nam Dum Hua ritual on the first day of Songkran, which is officially the National Elderly Day. During the ritual, young people would pour fragrant water into the elders’ palms as a gesture of humility and to ask for their blessings. The second day of Songkran is officially the National Family Day. Families would wake up early and give alms to the monks, then ideally the rest of the day would be spent sharing quality family time together. An important religious ritual on Songkran is ‘Bathing the Buddha image’, in which devout Buddhists pour fragrant water over Buddha statues both at the temple and at home. More religious Thais would engage themselves in Buddhist ceremonies and merit-making activities throughout the holidays.
  • Water as Symbolism
    • Contradictory to what you may have witnessed throughout Songkran, fun-loving Thais don’t just throw water at each other for no good reason (besides having a kick out of seeing other people soaking wet). The real meaning behind the splashes is to symbolically wash off all misfortunes in the past year, thus welcoming the new year with a fresh new start. Traditionally, Thais would politely pour a bowl of water on members of the family, their close friends and neighbours. As Songkran has taken a more festive note, a bowl becomes a bucket, garden hose and water guns, and the spirit of holiday merriment is shared amongst all town residents and tourists alike
  • Making Merit
    • Making merit is an essential part of Songkran, and visiting nine sacred temples during Songkran considered one of the ultimate accumulators. Try temples in the Rattanokosin area like Wat Pho, Wat Phra Kaeo, Wat Suthat Thepphawararam, Wat Chana Songkhram, Wat Boworn, Wat Benchamabophit, Wat Rakhang Khositaram, Wat Arun and Wat Kanlaya.


References

Photos

  1. By ผู้สร้างสรรค์ผลงาน/ส่งข้อมูลเก็บในคลังข้อมูลเสรีวิกิมีเดียคอมมอนส์ - เทวประภาส มากคล้าย - Own work, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2054333
  2. By Takeaway - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6670475


March 2018

Makha Bucha Day

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Makha Bucha Day (วันมาฆบูชา) is a Buddhist holiday, which takes place annually on the night of the full moon during the third lunar month of the year. “Makha” is the Pali word for the third Lunar month, while “bucha” means to honor or to venerate. Since Makha Bucha is based on the lunar calendar, the date varies from year to year. This year Makha Bucha day is on 01 March 2018.

It was 9 full months after the Buddha got the Enlightenment, on the full moon day of 6th lunar month, 45 years before the Buddhist era. On the full moon day of the 3rd lunar month, Makha, of the year, four special events happened:
1. There were 1,250 Sangha followers decided to come back to see Lord Buddha at Weluwan Wannaram without prior appointment after traveling around and teaching Buddhism.
2. All of them were “อรหันต์ Arhantas’, the Enlightened One, and all of them were ordained by the Buddha himself.
3. Because it was the first assembly of the large group of the Buddhist monk gathering therefore the Buddha gave those Arhantas the three principles of the Buddhism, called “The Ovadhapatimokha” which is considered the first constitution for all the laws of Buddhist monks from then until now.
4. It was the full moon day.

Three Principles:
The 3 cores principles (the Ovadhapatimokha) are;
1. Refrain from commiting all kind of wickeness (ไม่ทำความชั่ว)
2. Be good and do good (ทำความดีทั้งทางกาย วาจา และใจ)
3. Purify the mind (ทำจิตใจให้บริสุทธิ์)

Activities To Be Observed:

  • ทำบุญ/ tam-bun/’: Making merit by going to temples for special observances, making merit, listening to Dhamma preaching, giving some donations and the other activities of the day include acts of merit such as freeing fish and birds .
  • รับศีล /ráp sĕen/’: Keeping the Five Precepts*, including abstinence from alcoholic drinks and all kinds of immoral acts, including listening to teachings of Buddhism and the practice of meditation (nâng sà-maa-tí นั่งสมาธิ)
  • ตักบาตร /dtàk bàat/’: Offering food to the monks and novices (in the alm bowl (บาตร /bàat/).
  • เวียนเทียน /wain tain/: Monks and other believers of the Buddhist philosophy hold candlelit processions with monks who also hold a sacred thread in a procession around the temple.Buddhists from across the cities throughout the country flock to temples to participate in these processions.


Reference

February 2018

Valentine’s Day

Valentine’s Day, also called St. Valentine’s Day, holiday (February 14) when lovers express their affection with greetings and gifts. The holiday has origins in the Roman festival of Lupercalia, held in mid-February. The festival, which celebrated the coming of spring, included fertility rites and the pairing off of women with men by lottery. At the end of the 5th century, Pope Gelasius I replaced Lupercalia with St. Valentine’s Day. It came to be celebrated as a day of romance from about the 14th century.

Although there were several Christian martyrs named Valentine, the day may have taken its name from a priest who was martyred about 270 ce by the emperor Claudius II Gothicus. According to legend, the priest signed a letter “from your Valentine” to his jailer’s daughter, whom he had befriended and, by some accounts, healed from blindness. Other accounts hold that it was St. Valentine of Terni, a bishop, for whom the holiday was named, though it is possible the two saints were actually one person. Another common legend states that St. Valentine defied the emperor’s orders and secretly married couples to spare the husbands from war. It is for this reason that his feast day is associated with love.

Formal messages, or valentines, appeared in the 1500s, and by the late 1700s commercially printed cards were being used. The first commercial valentines in the United States were printed in the mid-1800s. Valentines commonly depict Cupid, the Roman god of love, along with hearts, traditionally the seat of emotion. Because it was thought that the avian mating season begins in mid-February, birds also became a symbol of the day. Traditional gifts include candy and flowers, particularly red roses, a symbol of beauty and love.

References

January 2018

Top 10 List On Catalogue Issues in 2017


Rank Item Count of checkouts
1 Casarett and Doull's toxicology 18
2 Fundamentals of biostatistics 17
3 CU-TEP reading 7
4 พิษวิทยาสิ่งแวดล้อม 6
5 CU-TEP listening with MP3 CD 6
6 Spectrometric identification of organic compounds 6
7 Molecular cell biology 5
8 CU-TEP grammar 5
9 Barron's practice exercises for the TOEFL test of English as a foreign language 4
10 The art of writing reasonable organic reaction mechanisms 4



December 2017

พระเจ้าหลานเธอ พระองค์เจ้าสิริวัณณวรีนารีรัตน์ ทรงโปรดให้จัดทำพระเมรุมาศเสมือน

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  • พันโทหญิง พระเจ้าหลานเธอ พระองค์เจ้าสิริวัณณวรีนารีรัตน์ ทรงโปรดให้จัดทำพระเมรุมาศเสมือน (Virtual Phra Meru Mas) โดยใช้เทคโนโลยีเสมือนจริง (Virtual Reality) ในการถ่ายทำ บันทึก และจัดแสดง เพื่อให้ประชาชนที่อยู่ห่างไกล ไม่มีโอกาสได้เข้าชม สามารถที่จะเข้าชมได้เสมือนเดินทางมาชมพระเมรุมาศพระบาทสมเด็จพระปรมินทรมหาภูมิพลอดุลยเดช บริเวณท้องสนามหลวงด้วยตัวเองได้ที่ http://www.songcharoen.com/phrameru/



November 2017

Loy Krathong

  • What is Loy Krathong?
    • The history behind the festival is complex, and Thais celebrate for many reasons. The main rice harvest season has ended and it’s time to thank the Water Goddess for a year’s worth of her abundant supply, as well as an apology for polluting the waters. Some believe that this is the time to symbolically ‘float away’ all the anger and grudges you have been holding onto, and including a fingernail or a lock of hair is seen as a way of letting go of the dark side of yourself, to start anew free of negative feelings. If your candle stays alight until your Krathong disappears out of sight, it means a year of good luck.
    • Traditionally, Thais release their krathongs into rivers and small canals called ‘klongs’. Today, a pond or lake is also good. Many places host a string of cultural activities, such as ‘Ram Wong’ dance performances, krathong-making competitions and a beauty contest.

  • Where can you float a Krathong in Bangkok?
    • The main Loy Krathong celebration in Bangkok has been held at Asiatique since 2013. Perviously it was held along the banks of Wat Saket in the Old City, which is still a popular place to celebrate. For anyone around Khao San Road, head to the nearby Phra Athit Pier.
      • Riverside Locations
        • Asiatique (Riverside)
        • Wat Saket (Riverside/Old City)
        • Phra Athit Pier (Riverside/ Old City)
        • Maharaj Lifestyle Mall (Riverside/Old City)
      • Popular Lakes for Floating Krathongs
        • Lumpini Park (Silom)
        • Benjasiri Park (Sukhumvit)
        • Benjakiti Park (Sukhumvit)

  • What is a Krathong?
    • There is no equivalent word in English for ‘krathong’. You may hear people referring to it as a small boat, vessel, receptacle or container. In the run-up to the festival, many shops and market stalls will display ready-made Krathongs, or in parts so you can assemble and decorate as you wish. In the past, krathongs were made from natural materials – usually a section from a banana tree trunk, crafted into a lotus shape by using folded banana leaves, and these can still be found for sale around the main festival sites. More recently, Thais have become more creative in their craft and design the krathongs from coconut shells, flowers, baked bread, potato slices, some breaking with the conventional lotus leaf shape in favour of turtles and other sea creatures.

Reference

October 2017

The Royal Cremation of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej

The Royal Cremation of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej is scheduled for 25-29 October 2017. Thursday, 26 October, will be the royal cremation day, and it has been declared a public holiday by the Cabinet to allow the people to take part in paying a final tribute to His Majesty the late King. The process of the Royal Cremation will last five days.

On the first day, 25 October, a royal merit-making ceremony will be held at 17.30 hr, in preparation for moving the royal urn to the Royal Crematorium at Sanam Luang ceremonial ground. It will take place at Dusit Maha Prasat Throne Hall in the Grand Palace.

On the second day, 26 October, the royal urn will be moved from Dusit Maha Prasat Throne Hall to the Royal Crematorium at 07.00 hr. The Royal Cremation Ceremony will take place between 17.30 hr and 22.00 hr at the Royal Crematorium. The actual cremation is scheduled for 22.00 hr.

Festivities to pay a final tribute and farewell to the His Majesty King Bhumibol and to mark the ending of an official mourning period include public performances, such as the khon masked drama, puppet shows, and orchestras. They will start at 6:00 p.m. on the Royal Cremation Day, 26 October 2017, and run through 6:00 a.m. on the following day.

The collection of royal relics will take place on the third day, 27 October at 08.00 hr, at the Royal Crematorium.

On the fourth day, 28 October at 17.30 hr, a merit-making ceremony will be held for the royal relics at Dusit Maha Prasat Throne Hall.

On the fifth day, 29 October at 10.30 hr, the royal relics will be moved from Dusit Maha Prasat Throne Hall to be enshrined in the Heavenly Abode in Chakri Maha Prasat Throne Hall. Later, on the same day, at 17.30 hr, the royal ashes will be enshrined at two temples, namely Wat Ratchabophit and Wat Bovoranives.

After the Royal Cremation Ceremony, an exhibition will be held at Sanam Luang for 30 days, from 1 to 30 November, where people will be able to learn more about the ceremony. The exhibition will feature arts and culture regarding the Royal Crematorium and related structures.

Reference

September 2017

World Ozone Day

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  • World Ozone Day

    This special day is held on September 16th to mark the day back in 1987 when the Montreal Protocol was signed. As a result, a number of special events such as talks and seminars are held in the Canadian city of Montreal on this day.
    World Ozone Day has been celebrated since 1994 and was established by the United Nations General Assembly. The day is mainly intended to spread awareness of the depletion of the Ozone Layer and search for solutions to preserve it. People from all over the world are expected to gather in Montreal on September 16th to join the talks and seminars.
    World Ozone Day is also celebrated all around the world. Educators usually set aside this day to teach their students about the Ozone layer and many schools organize special events and activities to raise awareness. This is one event that everyone can experience and enjoy together.

Reference


August 2017

Her Majesty the Queen’s 85th birthday on August 12, 2017

The Visionary Queen
To mark Her Majesty the Queen’s 85th birthday on August 12, 2017, 2Magazine pays tribute to the natural grace and unrivalled style of Her Majesty, an icon of Thai elegance and fashion

Long revered for her timeless beauty and her incandescent personality, Her Majesty Queen Sirikit epitomises the Siamese Lady. Generations of Thai women have looked up to Her Majesty as a role model for many, if not all, facets of their lives. Every one of Her Majesty’s steps has been iconic and exemplary.

The fashion and design industry will always cherish Her Majesty’s pivotal role in modernizing Thai fabrics. Over time, Thai society has undergone great change as Western culture was adopted by the general public and Thai fabrics lost much of their popularity while western-style outfits became more and more de rigueur as symbols of modernity and status. Her Majesty Queen Sirikit had been well aware of the importance of preserving Thai craftsmanship as an essential part of Thailand’s roots and heritage and she dedicated decades to this mission.

For an extended period of over 20 years, Her Majesty, with a thorough understanding of the ever-evolving nature of culture and the assistance of French Couturier Pierre Balmain, worked tirelessly to update, preserve, and accentuate the quintessence of Thai fabrics, transfusing the French savoir-faire in clothes-making to Thai fabrics. The fruits of this collaboration were so phenomenal that Thai textiles found a place in modern Thailand for the first time.

To this day, those designs not only remain references for modern Thai outfits but also serve as inspiration to new generations of Thai women and designers: a sartorial legacy pioneered by a visionary Queen.

Reference

July 2017

Long Live His Majesty King Maha Vajiralongkorn Bodindradebayavarangkun

H.M. King Maha Vajiralongkorn Bodindradebayavarangkun (Thai: มหาวชิราลงกรณ บดินทรเทพยวรางกูร; born 28 July 1952) is the King of Thailand, since 2016. He is the only son of King Bhumibol Adulyadej and Queen Sirikit. In 1972, at the age of 20, he was made crown prince by his father. After his father's death on 13 October 2016, he was expected to succeed to the throne of Thailand but asked for time to mourn before taking the throne. He accepted the throne on the night of 1 December 2016 but will not be crowned formally until some time after the cremation of his father, expected to be on 26 October 2017. His father Bhumibol's coronation took place four years after his accession. The government retroactively declared his reign to have begun on 13 October 2016, upon his father's death. As the tenth monarch of the Chakri Dynasty, he is also styled as Rama X.

Focus on education
King Vajiralongkorn has initiated education projects with the aim of improving children's access to quality learning and instilling the concept of lifelong learning. He has special ties to the Rajabhat University system of 40 institutions of higher learning. The chairman of the Council of Rajabhat University Presidents of Thailand said that Vajiralongkorn has presided over commencement ceremonies at all Rajabhat Universities nationwide and personally handed out degrees to all Rajabhat university graduates every year since 1978. It is estimated that over the past 35 years at least 2,100,000 degrees have been handed out by the Crown Prince to Rajabhat graduates. In addition, every year he donates 42 million baht to a scholarship fund benefiting Rajabhat students.

Reference

June 2017

Artificial Flowers for The Royal Funeral

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“7 ดอกไม้จันทน์พระราชทาน” https://www.matichon.co.th/news/552071

  • BANGKOK, 1st June 2017 (NNT) - The Thai Parliament has introduced a voluntary project to produce artificial flowers to be used in the royal funeral of HM the late King Bhumibol Adulyadej later this year.
    The Secretariat of the House of Representatives has launched the project, as a part of its organizational development initiative, and invited officials, employees and staff of the Parliament to join the project.
    The project is also intended as another opportunity for all who work for the Parliament to show their loyalty and gratitude as well as pay homage to the highly-revered King.
    Participants said they all felt happy to be part of the project as it is one way for them to remember the wisdom of the late monarch, especially the Philosophy of a Sufficiency Economy that all Thais can adopt and use in leading better lives.
    The Secretariat of the House of Representatives plans to deliver all the artificial flowers to responsible state agencies for distribution to members of the public, who join the royal funeral scheduled for October 26 of this year. - See more at: http://nwnt.prd.go.th/CenterWeb/NewsEN/NewsDetail?NT01_NewsID=WNSOC6005310010142#sthash.b92nUyrL.dpuf

  • Thais continue to make artificial flowers for late King Government agencies, the private sector, and the public continue to make artificial flowers as a tribute to HM the late King Bhumibol Adulyadej. In the capital city, civil servants, military officers, and royal subjects are joining hands to make sandalwood flowers called “Dararat” to be used during the cremation of the late monarch on October 26th. Don Mueang district officials are also teaching the public how to make the flowers. In Ang Thong province, flower making activities are being held at a Big C Supercenter until June 7th and at the Provincial Cultural Center until the end of this month. Everyone is welcome. In Uthai Thani, civil servants, employees of the city hall, teachers, and students numbering more than 200 are making the artificial flowers using recycled off-cut materials. City hall officials are also teaching people in 15 local communities to make the flowers. - See more at: http://nwnt.prd.go.th/CenterWeb/NewsEN/NewsDetail?NT01_NewsID=WNOHT6006030010001#sthash.tmM3eJpN.dpuf

May 2017

Royal Ploughing Ceremony


Sacred oxen eat from items of food put before them.
The types of food they choose to eat helps determine
the prediction on the year's harvest. 
Chanat Katanyu
http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/general/1248510/oxen-predict-bumper-harvests-this-year

Royal Ploughing Ceremony – 12th May 2017

The Royal Ploughing Day, according to South Asian ancient belief, marks the inauguration of the farming season, with both Buddhist and Brahmin ceremonies. His Majesty the King presided over the ceremony, held annually on the sixth lunar month. The ceremony was broadcast live. Theerapat Prayurasiddhi, permanent secretary for agriculture, performed as Phraya Raek Na, the Lord of the Plough, and was joined by consecrated women – officials from the Agriculture Ministry – carrying gold and silver baskets filled with rice seeds.

The sacred oxen were offered seven choices of food for the annual prediction. The sacred oxen chose to eat paddy, maize and grass, leading to the prediction of an abundant food supply and plenty of water. Phraya Raek Na selected a piece of folded cloth that was five kueb long, leading to the prediction there will be a sufficient supply of water, a good rice harvest and an abundance of food.

This highly ceremonial event marks an auspicious beginning to the new planting season every year. Presided over by HM the King or member of the Royal Family, the ceremony follows a strict agenda whereby court Brahmins, dressed in ceremonial gowns, lead two sacred oxen in a ploughing ritual around the Royal Field as they sow rice seeds onto the ground. The symbolic importance of this ceremony occurs when the sacred oxen eat from a plate of offering – rice, corn, green beans, sesame, fresh-cut grass, water and rice whisky – which predicts whether or not the upcoming planting season will be bountiful.

Date: 12th May 2017
Time: From 08:30
Location: Sanam Luang (Royal Field)

References:
1. http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/general/1248510/oxen-predict-bumper-harvests-this-year
2. http://www.inspirebangkok.com/bangkok/royal-ploughing-ceremony-12th-may-2017

April 2017

Royal Rainmaking

Songkran Festival 2017

Songkran is the Thai New Year's festival. The Thai New Year's Day is 13 April every year, but the holiday period includes 14–15 April as well. The word “Songkran” comes from the Sanskrit word saṃkrānti (Devanāgarī: संक्रांति), literally “astrological passage”, meaning transformation or change. The term was borrowed from Makar Sankranti, the name of a Hindu harvest festival celebrated in India in January to mark the arrival of spring. It coincides with the rising of Aries on the astrological chart, the New Year of many calendars of South and Southeast Asia. The festive occasion is in keeping with the Buddhist/Hindu solar calendar.

ASCII


  • Songkran in Thailand
    • Central Region People in this region clean their houses when Songkran approaches. All dress up in colorful clothing. After offering food to the monks, the people will offer a requiem to their ancestors. People make merit such offerings as giving sand to the temple for construction or repair. Other forms of merit include releasing birds and fish. Nowadays, people also release other kinds of animals such as buffaloes and cows.
    • South Southerners have three Songkran rules: Work as little as possible and avoid spending money; not hurt other persons or animals: not tell lies.
    • North In the northern region of Thailand 13 April is celebrated with gunfire or firecrackers to repel bad luck. On the next day, people prepare food and useful things to offer to the monks at the temple. People have to go to temple to make merit and bathe Buddha's statue and after that they pour water on the hands of elders and ask for their blessings.
    • East The eastern region has activities similar to the other part of Thailand, but people in the east always make merit at the temple throughout all the days of the Songkran Festival. Some people, after making merit at the temple, prepare food to be given to the elderly members of their family.


Reference

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Songkran_(Thailand)#/media/File:Songkran_012.jpg



March 2017

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February 2017

February 24, 2017 - Plagiarism Checking Tutorial.

CGI Learning Center offers a tutorial - for the faculty and students on using TURNITIN a tool for plagiarism checking on February 24, 2017.
“Plagiarism is presenting someone else’s work or ideas as your own, with or without their consent, by incorporating it into your work without full acknowledgement.
All published and unpublished material, whether in manuscript, printed or electronic form, is covered under this definition.
Plagiarism may be intentional or reckless, or unintentional. Under the regulations for examinations, intentional or reckless plagiarism is a disciplinary offence. …

The necessity to acknowledge others’ work or ideas applies not only to text, but also to other media, such as computer code, illustrations, graphs etc.
It applies equally to published text and data drawn from books and journals, and to unpublished text and data,
whether from lectures, theses or other students’ essays. You must also attribute text, data, or other resources downloaded from websites.
The best way of avoiding plagiarism is to learn and employ the principles of good academic practice from the beginning of your university career.
Avoiding plagiarism is not simply a matter of making sure your references are all correct, or changing enough words
so the examiner will not notice your paraphrase; it is about deploying your academic skills to make your work as good as it can be.

Find out more from: https://www.ox.ac.uk/students/academic/guidance/skills/plagiarism?wssl=1

Makha Bucha Day

What is the purpose of the Buddhist religion?

Professor Richard Gombrich is the Emeritus Professor of Sanskrit at Oxford University and a member of the Oriental Institute and Balliol College.
He is the Founder and Director of the Oxford Centre for Buddhist Studies as well as the General Editor of the Clay Sanskrit Library.
His note on the story of Buddhist religion appears at:
http://www.ox.ac.uk/research/research-in-conversation/how-live-happy-life/professor-richard-gombrich

Makha Bucha Day (วันมาฆบูชา)

Makha Bucha Day is a Buddhist holiday, which takes place annually on the night of the full moon during the third lunar month of the year. “Makha” is the Pali word for the third Lunar month, while “bucha” means to honor or to venerate. Since Makha Bucha is based on the lunar calendar, the date varies from year to year. This year Makha Bucha day is on 11 February 2017. It was 9 full months after the Buddha got the Enlightenment, on the full moon day of 6th lunar month, 45 years before the Buddhist era. On the full moon day of the 3rd lunar month, Makha, of the year.

Four special events happened:
1. There were 1,250 Sangha followers decided to come back to see Lord Buddha at Weluwan Wannaram without prior appointment after traveling around and teaching Buddhism.
2. All of them were “อรหันต์ Arhantas’, the Enlightened One, and all of them were ordained by the Buddha himself.
3. Because it was the first assembly of the large group of the Buddhist monk gathering therefore the Buddha gave those Arhantas the three principles of the Buddhism, called “The Ovadhapatimokha” which is considered the first constitution for all the laws of Buddhist monks from then until now.
4. It was the full moon day.

The 3 cores principles (the Ovadhapatimokha) are:
1. Refrain from commiting all kind of wickeness (ไม่ทำความชั่ว)
2. Be good and do good (ทำความดีทั้งทางกาย วาจา และใจ)
3. Purify the mind (ทำจิตใจให้บริสุทธิ์)

History: Thailand started celebrating Makha Bucha Day during the reign of King Rama IV, around 150 years ago. King Rama IV felt that Buddhist teachings were very important, recognising that Makha Bucha was one of the most remarkable events in Buddhist history. His Majesty therefore introduced the first celebration of Makha Bucha Day to his royal family members and courtiers. The celebration soon gained popularity among Siamese commoners.

Activities To Be Observed:

  • ทำบุญ/ tam-bun/: Making merit by going to temples for special observances, making merit, listening to Dhamma preaching, giving some donations and the other activities of the day include acts of merit such as freeing fish and birds.
  • รับศีล /ráp sĕen/: Keeping the Five Precepts*, including abstinence from alcoholic drinks and all kinds of immoral acts, including listening to teachings of Buddhism and the practice of meditation (nâng sà-maa-tí นั่งสมาธิ)
  • ตักบาตร /dtàk bàat/: Offering food to the monks and novices (in the alm bowl (บาตร /bàat/).
  • เวียนเทียน /wain tain/: Monks and other believers of the Buddhist philosophy hold candlelit processions with monks who also hold a sacred thread in a procession around the temple.Buddhists from across the cities throughout the country flock to temples to participate in these processions.

Reference

January 2017

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Top 5 List On Catalogue Issues in 2016

No. Title Call No.
1. Casarett and Doull's Toxicology (RA1211 C336 2013)
2. Fundamentals of Biostatistics (QH323 .5 R822F 2006)
3. The cell (QH581 .2 C777C 2007)
4. CU-TEP reading (PE1122 ส779 2554)
5. CU-TEP listening with MP3 CD (PE1128 ส779 2559)


Book Catalog http://koha.cgi.ac.th/


December 2016

His Majesty King Maha Vajiralongkorn Bodindradebayavarangkun pays respects before a portrait of the His Majesty the late King Bhumibol Adulyadej and Her Majesty Queen Sirikit
after formally accepting the invitation to accede to the throne as the 10th King of the Chakri dynasty last night. (Photo courtesy Royal Household Bureau)

The Kingdom has a new King after His Royal Highness Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn on Thursday accepted an invitation to ascend the throne from the National Legislative Assembly president.
His Royal Highness said: “I accept [the invitation to be king] and to fulfil the royal intentions [of the late King] for the benefit and happiness of all Thais.”
Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha announced the completion of the formalities on the TV pool.
“Thailand now has a new King,” he said.
The new King was formally named His Majesty King Maha Vajiralongkorn Bodindradebayavarangkun, according to the Office of His Majesty's Principal Private Secretary.
Pending the coronation, His Majesty is to be named in Thai as Somdet Phra Chao Yoohua Maha Vajiralongkorn Bodindradebayavarangkun.

Credit

November 2016

'Supermoon' across Thailand

Photo: Vachira Thomas


A supermoon is the coincidence of a full moon or a new moon with the closest approach the Moon makes to the Earth on its elliptical orbit, resulting in the largest apparent size of the lunar disk as seen from Earth. The technical name is the perigee-syzygy of the Earth–Moon–Sun system. The term supermoon is not astronomical, but originated in modern astrology. The association of the Moon with both oceanic and crustal tides has led to claims that the supermoon phenomenon may be associated with increased risk of events such as earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, but this effect is very slight. The most recent supermoon occurred on November 14, 2016, the closest to Earth since January 26, 1948, and the next one like this will not be until November 25, 2034. The closest supermoon of the century will occur on December 6, 2052. [1]

Sky gazers rejoiced last night at the “supermoon,” which was the closest the moon has been to Earth since 1948. For Thailand, a bright big moon couldn't come at a better time as the country also celebrated its annual Loy Krathong festival. In Bangkok, the Bangkok planetarium held an event for the public to use their telescopes for free and record numbers of people turned up to take a look. Luckily for our capital, which is almost always cloudy, the sky opened up last night, allowing great photo opportunities for celestial enthusiasts. [2]

Supermoon is not an official astronomical term. It was first coined by an astrologer, Richard Nolle, in 1979. He defined it as ‘a New or a Full Moon that occurs when the Moon is at or near (within 90% of) its closest approach to Earth in its orbit’. It is not clear why he chose the 90% cut off in his definition. There are no official rules as to how close or far the Moon must be to qualify as a Supermoon or a Micro Moon. Different outlets use different definitions. Due to this, a Full Moon classified as a Supermoon by one source may not qualify as a Super Full Moon by another. [3]

References

October 2016

People's Grief

In Remembrance of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej

King Bhumibol Adulyadej had been hospitalized at Siriraj hospital since Friday 3 October 2014, according to the Royal Household announcement. Even thought the medical team had closely provided treatment with their utmost capability, his sickness did not improve, and worsened until Thursday October 13, 2016 at 15.52 local time. He died peacefully at Siriraj hospital at the age of 89 and had been on the throne for 70 years.

King Chulalongkorn Day


  • King Chulalongkorn Day
    • 23 October of every year is a national holiday in Thailand as it marks “King Chulalongkorn Day” or known in Thai as “Wan Piyamaharaj Day”. It is the memorial day of the passing away of King Chulalongkorn, otherwise known as King Rama V. King Chulalongkorn led several major reforms in Thailand, for example in the areas of Thai educational system, military affairs, State Railway and Slave Liberation Act without bloodshed in Thailand.

      King Chulalongkorn is considered one of the greatest kings of Thailand. His reign from 1868 to 1910 was characterized by extensive social and economic development, including the abolition of slavery and corvee (state labor service). He is also famed for his ardent Thai nationalism, and for his skill in fending off the threat of European colonialism, despite the fact that large tracts of Siam were ceded to the Europeans during the period.

      King Chulalongkorn managed to prevent Thailand from being colonized by extending friendship and travelling extensively to western countries like America, Great Britain, France and Russia. Because of this, Thailand remains as the only country in Southeast Asia to have never been colonized.

      Besides that, King Chulalongkorn was the first Thai King to send the Royal Princes to be educated in Europe. Throughout Chulalongkorn’s reign, radical writers had their works published for the first time. Works that were previously banned were allowed to be read by the public once again.

      The King also modernized government and streamlined the administration of the country by dividing it into provinces and districts. He replaced the traditional lunar calendar with the Western calendar. Siam was a Buddhist country but he made it clear that other religions (including Islam and Christianity) should have the freedom to practise without fear of persecution. Communications in the country were improved greatly with the introduction of postal services, the telegraph and the construction of Thailand’s first railway (from Bangkok to Ayutthaya).

      His Majesty then passed away on October 23rd 1910 at the age of 57. He had ruled what was then Siam, for 42 years.

Reference


August 2016

National Mother's Day

12 August, The Birthday of Her Majesty Queen Sirikit of Thailand.
August 12th is a very special day for the people of Thailand. Their beloved Queen will celebrate her birthday. In recognition of Her Majesty, this day is also recognized as National Mother's Day.


  • Sirikit (Thai: สิริกิติ์; Thai pronunciation: [sìrìkìt]), born Mom Rajawongse Sirikit Kitiyakara (Thai: สิริกิติ์ กิติยากร; rtgs: Sirikit Kitiyakon) on 12 August 1932, is the queen consort of Bhumibol Adulyadej, King (Rama IX) of Thailand. She met Bhumibol in Paris, where her father was the Thai ambassador. They married in 1950, shortly before Bhumibol's coronation. Sirikit was appointed Queen Regent in 1956. Sirikit has one son and three daughters for the King. As the consort of the king who is the world's longest-reigning head of state, she is also the world's longest-serving consort of a monarch.

  • Books and writing
    Queen Sirikit published In Memory of my European Trip in 1964, which described her time in Europe with the king. It was this book that revealed that she was a talented writer. Moreover, she has composed songs for performance by The Handsome Band, the band of the palace.
    • The songs she composed were:
      • Chao Chom Khwan (เจ้าจอมขวัญ)
      • That Thoe (ทาสเธอ)
      • Sai Yut (สายหยุด)
      • Nang Yaem (นางแย้ม)


Reference


July 2016

Long Live Princess of Thailand... In honor of H.R.H. Princess Chulabhorn 59th Birthday Anniversary

Every 4th July is considered a significant date for Thailand, as it marks the auspicious occasion of H.R.H. Princess Chulabhorn's birthday anniversary. Princess Chulabhorn Walailak of Thailand or Chulabhorn, born 4 July 1957 in Bangkok, is a Princess of Thailand, the youngest daughter of HM King Bhumibol Adulyadej and HM Queen Sirikit of Thailand.

Professor Dr. Her Royal Highness Princess Chulabhorn established the Chulabhorn Foundation in 1986. The Chulabhorn Graduate Institute is a private graduate institution established in 2005, to celebrate the auspicious occasion of the 48th Birthday of Professor Dr. Her Royal Highness Princess Chulabhorn Mahidol. With the approval of the Ministry of Education, it was officially established as an autonomous higher education institution on December 28, 2005, having Professor Dr. Her Royal Highness Princess Chulabhorn as the Chancellor of the Institute Council.

Professor Dr. Her Royal Highness Princess Chulabhorn is an acclaimed scientist who has received many international recognitions for her scientific achievements. She has envisioned the Chulabhorn Graduate Institute to be a professional scientific research institution and Centre of Excellence in the Asia-Pacific region, to assist and expedite the increase in number of efficient quality human resources development in science and high technology, in order to serve Thailand and other countries in the region, particularly in the fields urgently needed, with professional competence in transforming their knowledge into tangible, applicable development programs.

Professor Dr. Her Royal Highness Princess Chulabhorn has devoted her time and efforts to scientific and medical research and development to promote the health of Thai public, particularly cancer patients.

June 2016

70th Years of His Majesty The King's Reign

His Majesty the King has been recognized as the “Developer King” for his tireless devotion to improving the quality of life and welfare of his people and for national development, keeping his pledge given when he was crowned King of Thailand that he would “reign with righteousness for the benefit and happiness of the Siamese people.”

Reference

May 2016

The Royal Ploughing Ceremony Day

Sacred oxen: Forget drought, there's plentiful water. A prosperous economy, plentiful water and abundant food were predicted by two sacred oxen, Phoem and Phoon, during this year's Royal Ploughing Ceremony at Sanam Luang on Monday morning. His Royal Highness Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn, on behalf of His Majesty the King, presided over the ceremony. Four consecrated women in the procession carrying gold and silver baskets filled with rice seeds scattered them into the fresh furrows. Walking alongside the plough were official Brahmans from the Royal Court who chanted and blew conch shells. Phoem and Phoon were offered seven bowls containing grass, paddy, maize, sesame seeds, soy bean, water and liquor. The oxen ate paddy and maize, leading to the prediction that there will be plenty of food and sufficient water for agriculture; that communication and foreign trade will improve, leading to a prosperous economy.

Right after the ceremony, a large number of spectators rushed to collect rice seeds scattered on the field. The ceremonial grains are considered an auspicious start to the rice planting season.

Credit

April 2016

13 - 15 Songkran Festival 2016

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April is the hottest time of the year in Thailand, so the water splashing fun of the Songkran festival is always welcomed, by Thais and tourists alike. The kingdom’s most culturally important event, Songkran is a celebration of the traditional Thai New Year. Normally the celebration lasts for three days from 13 to 15 April, but this year there will be an extended break as 16 and 17 April falls on the weekend.

According to the Thai Buddhist calendar, Songkran literally means ‘astrological passage’. It can be interpreted as ‘change’ and ‘cleansing’, a time to usher in a new year and to purify one’s soul and also to do some spring-cleaning. It is also a time to enjoy family time and some fun and exciting festivities too.

Don’t be surprised to see thousands of Bangkok-based Thais flocking to the bus terminals or joining the traffic for the long drive back to their hometowns to see their families and old friends to enjoy the Songkran celebrations together. Each province and each community has its own unique way of celebrating the festival, so the activities vary from province to province.

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Top tips to get the most out of Songkran:
1. In the morning, make merit and listen to temple sermons to understand and benefit from the spiritual side of the festival. Remember that during the New Year festival, the temple activities are the most important aspects of the celebration.
2. To purify or bathe the Buddha or other statues, water should not be poured directly onto the head of the relic, rather on other parts of the statue’s torso. This is a unique ritual which for centuries has celebrated the significance of water in Thai culture and society as a symbol of purity, prosperity and happiness.
3. The custom of pouring water onto the hand of elders’ (people above 60 years old), is to show respect and seek their New Year blessings. This custom is called the Rod Nam Dum Hua.

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Water used to splash on others should be clean or mixed with Thai traditional fragrances. Avoid using dirty water, cold or iced water on others. Also, do not use water mixed with sweet basil seeds, saku seed or any colours as they can stain clothes and cause irritation.

Avoid throwing water aggressively or using high-pressure water guns or hoses.

Women should be wary of wearing tight clothes or ones that are light in colour and/or made of thin fabric. When wet, such garments can become quite revealing, raising the risk of sexual harassment.

Reference

TAT NEWS. Songkran Festival 2016. Retrieved from http://www.tatnews.org/events/songkran-festival-2016/


March 2016

International Women’s Day (IWD)

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International Women’s Day (March 8) honouring the achievements of women and promoting women’s rights. A national holiday in numerous countries, it has been sponsored by the United Nations (UN) since 1975.

International Women’s Day (IWD) grew out of efforts in the early 20th century to promote women’s rights, especially suffrage. In its campaign for female enfranchisement, the Socialist Party of America in 1909 held the first National Woman’s Day, which was highlighted by mass meetings across the United States; the day was observed until 1913. Encouraged by German activist Clara Zetkin, the International Socialist Congress agreed in 1910 to create an international version of the U.S. holiday, and on March 19, 1911, the first IWD was held in Austria, Denmark, Germany, and Switzerland. More than one million people attended rallies marking the day. In the ensuing years the IWD was celebrated in additional countries and on varying dates. On March 8 (February 24, Old Style), 1917, women in Petrograd (St. Petersburg), Russia, marked the day by staging a strike to protest food shortages, poor living conditions, and World War I. This strike for “bread and peace” helped give rise to the Russian Revolution of 1917, which led to the abdication of Nicholas II on March 15 (March 2). In 1921 the date of the IWD was officially changed to March 8.

In the following decades, the success of the suffrage movement contributed to a decline in the popularity of the IWD. However, aided by the growth of feminism in the 1960s and UN sponsorship (1975), the IWD experienced a revitalization in the late 20th century. Today, it is an important occasion for promoting women’s issues and rights, especially in developing countries.

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Reference

International Women’s Day (IWD). (2016). In Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved from http://academic.eb.com/EBchecked/topic/1090678/International-Womens-Day

February 2016

Veterans' Day in Thailand

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February 3, is annual celebration of Veterans' Day in Thailand. This day commemorates the foundation day of the War Veterans Organization of Thailand.

The official remembrance ceremony takes place at Victory Monument in Bangkok. The monument was erected in 1941 to commemorate the victory of Thailand in Franco-Thai War. This war was a brief conflicts waged against the French colonial authorities in Indo-China. The conflict resulted in Thailand annexing some territories in Laos and Cambodia. These territories originally belonged to the Kingdom of Siam before the forced ceding to France in 1893 and 1904.

Red poppy is a symbolic flower in Thailand, as well in other countries. It's the symbol of peace, that reminds us about the people, who died in fights for freedom. Red color symbolizes blood shed in the battles.

Red poppies are sold on Veterans' Day in Thailand under the initiative of the War Veterans Organization. The money from the sales of poppies are given to the veterans and their families.

References


January 2016

What's new in 2016

e-SDI (Selective Dissemination of Information) a new Discovery Service from CGI Learning Center
offerring lists of books, articles and chapters searched from CGI reference databases (Ebscohost),
using selected keywords that might be of interest to CGI students and faculty members.
Simply click on the link and continue searching at your convenience.
For example this week offer is “Medicinal Chemistry” http://goo.gl/bvnTv4
You may want to limit your search to view only full text that is available from the database, or to view journals, or to e-resources only.



CGI Learning Center Most issued 2015
January - December 2015

Molecular Cell Biology (6th Edition) QH581 .2 L823M 2008

DECEMBER 2015

National Father's Day 5 December


December 5 is an important day in the Thai calendar because this is the day the country celebrates the birthday of King Bhumibol Adulyadej(Rama IX),the monarch of Thailand. It is also regarded as a National Day. On another count, it is proclaimed National Father’s Day.

What are Thai people doing in this day?
Thais celebrate by giving their father or grandfather a Canna flower (Dok put ta ruk sa) which is considered to be a masculine flower.
Thai people will wear yellow on this day to show respect for the king. This is because yellow is the Color of the day for Monday, the day on which king Bhumibol Adulyadej was born.

References

Bike for Dad


Send your Well Wishes to His Majesty the King

You are warmly invited to send your well wishes to His Majesty the King on the auspicious occasion of His Majesty's 88th Birthday Anniversary, 5 December 2015.
https://www.bikefordad2015.com/blessing.php

Reference



NOVEMBER 2015

Loy Krathong Festival, November 25

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Loy Kratong Festival at CGI
Please come to join with us on November 25, 2015 at 15.00-17.00 CGI Building.

  • Where to Enjoy Loy Kratong in Bangkok on November 25
    One of the most picturesque festivals in Bangkok is the evening of Loy Krathong, when people gather around lakes, rivers and canals to pay respects to the goddess of water by releasing beautiful lotus shaped rafts, decorated with candles, incense and flowers onto the water.
    Every year, Loy Krathong falls on the night of the twelfth lunar month (usually in November), at the end of the rainy season when the full-moon lights up the sky. The sight of thousands of Krathongs, their flickering candles sending a thousand pinpoints of light far into the horizon is a truly magical site, and there are plenty of places in Bangkok where you can get involved with the festivities.

  • Where can you float a Krathong in Bangkok? The main Loy Krathong celebration in Bangkok has been held at Asiatique since 2013. Perviously it was held along the banks of Wat Saket in the Old City, which is still a popular place to celebrate. For anyone around Khao San Road, head to the nearby Phra Athit Pier.
    Many hotels in Bangkok host a Loy Krathong event at their swimming pool area (contact your hotel for more information). You can try your hand at Loy Krathong, or even the traditional ‘Ram Wong’ dance, without fighting your way through crowds of people outside the hotel grounds. Hotels located along the Chao Phraya River are especially popular and often have loy krathong events combined with a special dinner and fireworks.
    • Riverside Locations
      • Asiatique (Riverside)
      • Wat Saket (Riverside/Old City)
      • Phra Athit Pier (Riverside/ Old City)
    • Popular Lakes for Floating Krathongs
      • Lumpini Park (Silom)
      • Benjasiri Park (Sukhumvit)
      • Benjakiti Park (Sukhumvit)
    • Riverside Hotels with Loy Krathong Events
      • Anantara Riverside Bangkok
      • Mandarin Oriental Bangkok
      • Royal Orchid Sheraton Hotel
      • Shangri La Hotel Bangkok
    • Loy Kratong Festival at Asiatique
      If you are ready experience Loy Krathong the way the locals do, head to Asiatique, the riverfront night market, which is where you will find the biggest crowds and some impressive shows. Be warned that traffic in the area will be very bad and there will be long queues to take the shuttle boat in front of Saphan Taksin BTS Station.
      The action kicks off around sunset, and there are plenty of krathongs to buy around the river, you can even watch the traditional banana leaf folding method, or have a go yourself. The large boardwalk area in front of Asiatique will host the main events, including the retelling of the Loy Krathong story via music and dance, a launch site for your krathongs, an illuminated float procession and a firework display. If the crowds here sound too much, there are plenty of other spots along the Chao Phraya river to watch the festivities from.

  • What is Loy Krathong?
    • The history behind the festival is complex, and Thais celebrate for many reasons. The main rice harvest season has ended and it’s time to thank the Water Goddess for a year’s worth of her abundant supply, as well as an apology for polluting the waters. Some believe that this is the time to symbolically ‘float away’ all the anger and grudges you have been holding onto, and including a fingernail or a lock of hair is seen as a way of letting go of the dark side of yourself, to start anew free of negative feelings. If your candle stays alight until your Krathong disappears out of sight, it means a year of good luck.
      Traditionally, Thais release their krathongs into rivers and small canals called ‘klongs’. Today, a pond or lake is also good. Many places host a string of cultural activities, such as ‘Ram Wong’ dance performances, krathong-making competitions and a beauty contest. People have started releasing lanterns in Bangkok, but this is only a small part of the festival. For the full lantern experience, head up to Chiang Mai for ‘Yee Peng’ festival, although people often fly lanterns in Phuket and Samui, too.
      There is no equivalent word in English for ‘krathong’. You may hear people referring to it as a small boat, vessel, receptacle or container. In the run-up to the festival, many shops and market stalls will display ready-made Krathongs, or in parts so you can assemble and decorate as you wish. In the past, krathongs were made from natural materials – usually a section from a banana tree trunk, crafted into a lotus shape by using folded banana leaves, and these can still be found for sale around the main festival sites. More recently, Thais have become more creative in their craft and design the krathongs from coconut shells, flowers, baked bread, potato slices, some breaking with the conventional lotus leaf shape in favour of turtles and other sea creatures.

References

OCTOBER 2015

King Chulalongkorn Memorial Day, October 23



พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรมินทรมหาจุฬาลงกรณ์ พระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว , or Rama V
Image from http://www.chiangmai-chiangrai.com/images/t/the-great-visionary-king-chulalongkorn.jpg


23 October of every year is a national holiday in Thailand as it marks “King Chulalongkorn Day” or known in Thai as “Wan Piyamaharaj Day”. It is the memorial day of the passing away of King Chulalongkorn, otherwise known as King Rama V. King Chulalongkorn led several major reforms in Thailand, for example in the areas of Thai educational system, military affairs, State Railway and Slave Liberation Act without bloodshed in Thailand.

During the time of execution, King Chulalongkorn had studied various branches of arts and sciences such as Royal Tradition, Public Administration, Archaeology, Pali, English, Military Science Wrestling, Weapon Using, and Engi neering. Moreover, he paid state visits to Singapore and Java twice and India once. It was not the pleasant tour but an observation-tour to observe the political systems and administration of the European Imperialists who came to govern the colonies in South Asia and South-east. Asia by this way he brought back new knowledge and technology to apply in Thai government. Royal tradition such as uniform, haircut and audience the king were changed to the western style.

Many Thais show their respects for the great monarch by placing wreaths at the Equestrian Statue, in the Royal Plaza, Dusit District, on this public holiday. Much of this part of Bangkok was originally built during the reign of King Chulalongkorn and bears the architectural mix of Thai and European styles characteristic of the era.

References

SEPTEMBER 2015

Prince Mahidol Day, September 24

Mahidol Day is held each year on September 24 in remembrance of Prince Mahidol who is honored in Thailand as the father of modern Thai medicine. He was the father of HRH King Bhumibol Adulyadej, the King of Thailand. Prince Mahidol is best known as the doctor prince. His highness studied public health at Harvard University, and he later gained an MD from the same institution. He worked tirelessly to improve medical and public health care once he returned home to Thailand.

Prince Mahidol interest in Medicine

The young prince seemed to be destined for a distinguished military career, but he developed a deep interest in medicine. He was close to his half brother the Prince of Rangsit, who was then in charge of the Ministry of Health, and they would often discuss the health care situation in Thailand. They were both concerned about how far the country lagged behind western countries, and they knew that the people deserved better. Prince Mahidol felt a deep calling to put this situation right, and he devoted the rest of his life to achieving this aim.

In order to be better able to help improve the situation in Thailand the prince decided that he would need further academic qualifications. He decided to attend Harvard University in 1920 and while there he earned a certificate in public health. Prince Mahidol also provided funding for two medical students to accompany him to Harvard, and his mother the Queen paid for two nursing students. This meant that when the team returned home they had a good understanding of how things worked in the West. They were then able to apply their understanding to improve things in Thailand. In 1925 he returned to Harvard as a medical student and he received his degree in Medicine in 1927.

Achievements of Prince Mahidol

After qualifying as a medical doctor in the US the prince was eager to put his skills to practical use. This was initially problematic because most of the Thai hospitals felt that it would be inappropriate for a prince to do an internship with them. In the end Prince Mahidol was able to achieve his ambition by choosing a western run hospital in Chiang Mai – McCormick Hospital. He quickly gained a reputation for being an exceptional physician who put in far more hours than could be expected of an intern.

Importance of Mahidol Day

Prince Mahidol died of kidney disease on the 24 September 1929. His death came as a real shock to the people of Thailand who had begun to affectionately refer to him as Mho Chao Faa – which can be translated as the doctor prince. The date of his death is now a national remembrance day for the Father of Thai Modern Medicine. It is not an official public holiday in Thailand but events take place across the country to celebrate his life. The Ministry of Health will organize special activities, and this can also be a day for medical professionals and medical students to remind people of the prince’s contribution to medical improvement in the country. There will also usually be some fund raising activities across Thailand and the money raised is used for noble medical causes.

The life of the father of modern Thai medicine is also commemorated by way of the Prince Mahidol Award. This is given annually to those individuals who have produced a notable medical or public health improvement. It involves a cash prize of $100,000, a medal, and a certificate. The winners come from every corner of the globe. Mahidol University was renamed on February 21, 1969 by King Bhumibol Adulyadej. He declared the name of the university to be changed to Mahidol University (MU) (Thai: มหาวิทยาลัยมหิดล) in honor of his father Prince Mahidol.

Reference

AUGUST 2015

National Mother's Day



In Thailand, 12th August is celebrated as the birthday of Her Majesty Queen Sirikit and the nation immerses in celebrations. As the Queen is also regarded as mother to all Thai people, this day is also celebrated as 'Mother's Day.' It's since 1976 that the celebrations for Queen and for mother are being held every year without cease. Thai people unanimously commemorate this day because of the queen's benevolence towards needy and poor in the nation. The Queen has captured the hearts of Thai people through her devotion toward welfare and well- being of her people. Thai people and the many others from around the world to present our loyalty and devotion to Her Majesty Queen Sirikit and best wishes for a most Happy Birthday and a long life on the occasion of her 83th birthday August 12.

Jasmine flower is the symbol of The Mother's day
White jasmine flowers are a common sight in Thailand as they are the symbol of maternal love. The white color of the flower symbolizes purity of mother's true love, which will never change.

Reference: http://www.dayformothers.com/around-the-world/mothers-day-in-thailand.html

JULY 2015

Our beloved Princess-Scientist-Thailand's Pride ever, 4 July

JUNE 2015

International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking, June 26


International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking

The United Nations’ (UN) International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking falls on June 26 each year to raise awareness of the major problem that illicit drugs represent to society. This day is supported by individuals, communities and various organizations all over the world.

international_day_against_drug_abuse_and_illicit_trafficking.jpg
  • Background
    • According to the UNODC, nearly 200 million people are using illicit drugs such as cocaine, cannabis, hallucinogens, opiates and sedative hypnotics worldwide. In December 1987 the UN General Assembly decided to observe June 26 as the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking. The UN was determined to help create an international society free of drug abuse. This resolution recommended further action with regard to the report and conclusions of the 1987 International Conference on Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking.

      Following the resolution, the years 1991 to 2000 were heralded as the “United Nations Decade Against Drug Abuse”. In 1998 the UN General Assembly adopted a political declaration to address the global drug problem. The declaration expresses UN members’ commitment to fighting the problem.
  • Symbols
    • The United Nations’ logo is often associated with marketing and promotional material for this event. It features a projection of a world map (less Antarctica) centered on the North Pole, enclosed by olive branches. The olive branches are a symbol for peace, and the world map represents all the people of the world. It has been featured in colors such as white against a blue background or gold against a light purple background.

  • Reference:



MAY 2015

The Royal Ploughing Ceremony

The annual Ploughing Ceremony usually takes place in May every year at Sanam Luang near the Grand Palace in Bangkok. The ceremony has been performed since ancient times and designed to give an auspicious beginning to the new planting season.

During this colourful ceremony, the amount of rainfall to be expected in the coming season is forecast. The Ploughing Lord is offered a choice of three lengths of cloth, all looking identical, if his choice is the longest one there will be little rain during the coming year; if it is the shortest one, rain will be plentiful while the one of medium length indicates average rain.

When the ploughing is finished the bulls are presented with seven different foods and drink, i.e. rice seed, beans, maize, hays, sesame seed, water and alcoholic liquor. Whatever the bulls choose to eat or drink, it is forecast that this will be plentiful during the year.

พิธีจรดพระนังคัลแรกนาขวัญเนื่องในวันพืชมงคล
  • 2015 Abundant water, good harvests predicted
    • Plentiful water, good harvest and abundant food production were predicted for the coming crop year by traditional soothsayers at the Royal Ploughing Ceremony at Sanam Luang near the Grand Palace on Wednesday. The ceremony marks the beginning of the rice cultivation season today.




APRIL 2015

Songkran Festival, April 13-15

ASCII

Water as Symbolism Contradictory to what you may have witnessed throughout Songkran, fun-loving Thais don’t just throw water at each other for no good reason (besides having a kick out of seeing other people soaking wet). The real meaning behind the splashes is to symbolically wash off all misfortunes in the past year, thus welcoming the new year with a fresh new start.

Songkran Do’s and Don’ts

Do’s Don’ts
✔ Do give alms and make merit (or just witness the rituals if you are not a Buddhist)
✔ Do use waterproof bags to protect your valuables
✔ Do watch your belongings
✔ Do use public transportation if you are heading to one of Songkran ‘hotspots’, as traffic will be paralysed
✔ Do try wishing the locals a happy new year in Thai – “Sawasdee Pee Mai!”
✔ Do smile and have fun
✘ Do not douse monks, babies or the elderly
✘ Do not drive when you have been drinking
✘ Do not throw water with ice or dirty water
✘ Do not throw water at motorcyclists, to prevent road accidents

March 2015

MAKHA BUCHA DAY

magha_puja.jpg

MAKHA BUCHA DAY

It was 9 full months after the Buddha got the Enlightenment, on the full moon day of 6th lunar month, 45 years before the Buddhist era. On the full moon day of the 3rd lunar month, Makha, of the year, 4 special events happened:

1. There were 1,250 Sangha followers, that came to see the Buddha that evening without any schedule. 2. All of them were “Arhantas', the Enlightened One, and all of them were ordained by the Buddha himself. 3. The Buddha gave those Arhantas the principles of the Buddhism, called “The Ovadhapatimokha”. Those principles are: - To cease from all evil, - To do what is good, - To cleanse one's mind; 4. It was the full moon day.

Another important event, which happened on the same days (the full moon day of the 3rd lunar month) 44 years later, the last year of the Buddha's life, he decided to 'Parinibbhana', nirvana, leave the mind from the body or die. 3 months after that day (on the full moon day of the six lunar month – we known as 'Visakha Bucha Day').

  • ACTIVITIES TO BE OBSERVED ON MAKHA BUCHA DAY
    • 'TUM BOON': Making merit by going to temples for special observances, making merit, listening to Dhamma preaching, giving some donations and join in the other Buddhist activities.
    • 'RUB SIL': Keeping the Five Precepts, including abstinence from alcoholic drinks and all kinds of immoral acts.
    • 'TUK BARD': Offering food to the monks and novices (in the alm bowl).
    • Practice of renuciation: Observe the Eight Precepts, practice of meditation and mental discipline, stay in the temple, wearing white robes, for a number of days.
    • 'VIEN TIEN': Attending the Candle Light Procession around the Uposatha Hall, in the evening of the Vesak full moon day.


Ref. http://www.dhammathai.org/e/day/maka_eng.php, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magha_Puja


February 2015

February 14, Valentine’s Day

Rose Colors and Meanings guide contains helpful hints about the meaning associated with the colors of roses and other rose information. As one of the most enduring symbols for love and appreciation, it’s no surprise that roses are among the most admired and evocative of flowers. Our comprehensive guide to the colors and meanings of roses is your resource for rose interpretation.

Coveted through the ages for its simply beauty and intoxicating fragrance, there’s no better way to send a heartfelt message than with the classic rose. Each color rose has its own special significance, though, so it’s important to do your research.

Rose Colors & Meanings guide is here to help you select the color rose to perfectly complement your message, whether it’s love, friendship or remembrance.


  • Red Rose
    • Scottish poet Robert Burns didn’t compare his love to a red, red rose for nothing. Long associated with beauty and perfection, red roses are a time-honored way to say “I love you.” Whether it’s for a birthday, Valentine’s Day or just to express appreciation on any old day, there’s no better way than a bouquet of red roses to express your feelings.


  • Pink Rose
    • Bright and beautiful to behold, but pink roses are also fabulously versatile when you have something important to say. A classic symbol of grace and elegance, the pink rose is often given as a token of admiration and appreciation. Whether they’re for your best friend, fiancée or ever-dependable cubicle mate, a pink rose bouquet will create a bright spot in a special someone’s day.


  • White Rose
    • White roses are traditionally associated with marriages and new beginnings, but their quiet beauty has also made them a gesture of remembrance. When the occasion calls for reverence, whether stately or somber, a bouquet of white rose is a perfect way to say, “I’m thinking of you.”


  • Orange Rose
    • With their blazing energy, orange roses are the wild child of the rose family. Whatever feelings you might be bubbling over with—enthusiasm, passion, gratitude—orange roses will get the message across with both oomph and elegance.


  • Yellow Rose
    • When it comes to sending a joyful message, yellow roses are your best friend. In fact, yellow roses are a traditional symbol of friendship, so there you go. With their warm, sunny disposition, a bouquet of yellow roses tends to light up the room, making them a perfect way to say thanks, get well, congratulations or just, “Hey, thanks for being you.”


Ref. http://www.proflowers.com/blog/rose-colors-and-meanings

January 2015

Teachers' Day January 16

Adopted as Teachers' Day in Thailand by a resolution of the government on November 21, 1956. The first Teachers' Day was held in 1957.
January 16 marks the enactment of the Teachers Act, Buddhist Era 2488 (1945), which was published in the Government Gazette on January 16, 1945,
and came into force 60 days later. Most Thai schools close for the day to give their teachers a break during the long second term.
Many international schools do not, although they may hold celebrations to honour their teaching staff. There are very few public or official commemorations.

Find out if other countries celebrate Teachers' Day and which dates from this link. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teachers%27_Day

This year Thailand initiates the International PRINCESS MAHA CHAKRI AWARD to honor Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn
for her dedication to support the teaching profession in Thailand.



  • ABOUT
    • Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn is widely known for her dedication to educational development. Her Royal Highness’s continuous efforts to provide opportunities for disadvantaged children and youth in remote areas, and to improve their occupations and quality of life by means of education, have been made over many years, generating benefits at national and international levels.

    • On the auspicious occasion of the 60th birthday anniversary of Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn in 2015, the Teachers’ Council of Thailand, under the Ministry of Education, deems it appropriate to request Her Royal Highness’s permission to establish an international award in honour of her admirable endeavours and also to grant it the name of “Princess Maha Chakri Award”.

  • Objectives
    • To honour Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn for her outstanding achievements in the field of education and in the development of the quality of life, especially for the disadvantaged;
    • To honour highly dedicated teachers whose accomplishments make significant contributions to education and human development and who deserve international recognition;
    • To support and promote development of the teaching profession as well as educational enhancement;
    • To strengthen international relations in the field of education.

  • Description of the Award
    • The “Princess Maha Chakri Award” is an international award for dedicated teachers whose outstanding achievements generate benefits to education and human development. One teacher from each of the eleven Southeast Asian countries, including Thailand, will be selected as an awardee.

  • Nomination Criteria
    • Initially, teachers from Thailand and other countries in Southeast Asia will be granted opportunities to be nominated for the Princess Maha Chakri Award. The nomination process will be conducted by the Ministry of Education in each country. Dedicated teachers, whose outstanding achievements have generated benefits to education and human development, will be entitled to be nominated

  • Selection of Awardees
    • The Ministry of Education in each of eleven Southeast Asian countries will be responsible for selecting candidates in accordance with the criteria for award nomination. Each country may nominate only one person.
    • Details regarding qualified persons, nomination and selection criteria, time frames and nomination processes will be determined by the Princess Maha Chakri Award Foundation Committee.
    • The final decision regarding selection of awardees of the Princess Maha Chakri Award will be made by the Princess Maha Chakri Award Foundation Committee.

  • Award Presentation
    • Awardees of the Princess Maha Chakri Award will be invited to a royal award presentation ceremony in Bangkok, Thailand;
    • The name list of awardees and brief descriptions of their work or innovations will be notified to their respective governments, the Royal Thai Government, private agencies and other relevant bodies in their respective countries. This information will also be publicized through all media channels;
    • Awardees from Southeast Asian countries will be invited to present their outstanding achievements and share their knowledge with fellow awardees for the benefit of the profession.

December 2014



KING BHUMIBOL ADULYADEJ: A Life's Work

  • King Bhumibol Adulyadej: A life's Work begins with an explanation of the unique underpinnings and history of Thai kingship, a more than 750-year-old institution that has endured in spite of political and social transformations inside and outside the country. The book is then divides into three parts – The Life, The Work and The Crown.
  • The biographical section presents the remarkable story of King Bhumibol. The second of prince and an orphaned commoner, he was not likely successor to the throne at the time of his birth. Educated in Switzerland, the young jazz enthusiast acceded unexpectedly to become king of Thailand after the sudden death of his older brother. The reign began amid the general havoc that followed the Second World War.
  • Over subsequent decades , King Bhumibol gradually raised hid profile and the status of the monarch by meticulously carrying out his duties as a constitutional monarch, and also by taking the crown in new directions. In the 1960s, the king traveled the world to raise Thailand's international profile during the Cold War.
  • During his long reign, he has visited every part of Thailand and devoted much of his working life to fostering development. A scientist and engineer at heart, King became particularly preoccupied with improving the lives of the country's farmers, whose livelihoods were defined by the vagaries of rainfall and drought.
  • The volume concludes with detailed essays on the institutions, laws, processes and traditions that uphold and surround the crown.



Bibliography
Grossman, N. (2011). King Bhumibol Adulyadej a life's work: Thailand's monarchy in perspective. Bangkok: Editions Didier Mille.
Available at CGI Learning Center http://koha.cgi.ac.th/cgi-bin/koha/opac-detail.pl?biblionumber=939


November 2014

King Vajiravudh Memorial Hall



King Vajiravudh Memmorial Hall was constructed to celebrate the 100 th Royal Birthday Anniversary of His Majesty King Vajiravudh (King Rama VI) on the 1st of January 1981, in the precinct of the National Library of Thailand, Samsen Road, Bangkok 10300, just near the Tha Wasukri Royal Landing. This area was many times resided by the King.

The Building is in the front of applied Thai style with 3 floors, plus 1 underground floor as the stored room and the skylightroom. Following are the descriptions of each floor.


  • นิทรรศการถาวร “ดุสิตธานี เมืองประชาธิปไตย ของพระบาทสมเด็จพระมงกุฎเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว” พระบาทสมเด็จพระมงกุฎเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัวได้ทรงริเริ่มวางรากฐานการปกครองท้องถิ่นในระบอบประชาธิปไตยให้แก่พสกนิกรชาวไทยโดยโปรดเกล้าฯ ให้สร้างเมือง จำลอง “ดุสิตธานี” เมื่อเดือนกรกฎาคม พุทธศักราช 2461 ที่ริมอ่างหยกภายในพระราชวังดุสิต และต่อมาในพุทธศักราช 2462 ได้โปรดเกล้าฯ ให้ย้ายเมืองจำลองนี้ไปตั้งที่สนามด้านหลังพระที่นั่งพิมานจักรี พระราชวังพญาไท ซึ่งปัจจุบันอยู่ในบริเวณโรงพยาบาลพระมงกุฎเกล้าฯ

    เมืองจำลอง “ดุสิตธานี” ตั้งอยู่บนเนื้อที่ ๒ ไร่ครึ่ง ประกอบด้วยสถาปัตยกรรมหลากหลายกว่า 300 หลัง ได้แก่พระราชวัง วัด โรงเรียน โรงพยาบาล โรงแรม โรงทหาร ธนาคาร สถานีตำรวจ สวนสาธารณะ และ บ้านเรือนของ ทวยนาคร ซึ่งหมายถึง พลเมือง ของ “ดุสิตธานี” อันล้วนเป็นข้าราชการกระทรวงมหาดไทย ทั้งพระองค์ ทรงเป็นทวยนาครคนหนึ่ง ทรงพระนามว่า “นายราม ณ กรุงเทพ” มีอาชีพทนายความ และเป็นผู้นำพรรคแพรแถบสีน้ำเงิน โดยมีพรรคแพรแถบสีแดงเป็นคู่แข่งขัน

    หลังจากพระบาทสมเด็จพระมงกุฎเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัวเสด็จสวรรคต อาคารจำลองต่าง ๆ ได้กระจัดกระจายไป ส่วนที่เป็นบ้านเรือนคหบดี เจ้าของก็นำกลับไปเก็บรักษา ไว้เป็นสมบัติส่วนตัว อาคารจำลองส่วนที่ยังคงเหลือประกอบด้วยพระราชวังและวัดรวม 14 หลัง ซึ่งได้นำมาบูรณะใหม่ทั้งหมดและจัดแสดงภูมิทัศน์ตามภาพถ่ายทางอากาศตามความเหมาะสม โดยเพิ่มเติม ถนน คู คลอง และสะพานเพื่อให้สวยงามและสมบูรณ์ยิ่งขึ้น

    ที่มา : http://www.nlt.go.th/node/139


Loi Krathong Festival 2014 @CGI




October 2014

The Equestrian Statue of King Chulalongkorn


King Chulalongkorn ruled the Thai Kingdom from 1869 to 1910. October 23 each year is observed significantly as King Chulalongkorn Memorial Day, as it marks the death anniversary of the fifth monarch of the ruling House of Chakri. Recognized as one of Thailand’s greatest leaders, and as one of the world’s great personalities by UNESCO, King Chulalongkorn carried out his life-long work for the betterment of his people’s lives and the progress of the country. During his 42-year reign, he placed an emphasis on several reforms that brought Thailand into the modern age.

For instance, he introduced postal and telegraph services, and constructed a railway network, bridges, and irrigation canals. He also initiated a new form of administration and established public education. Among his outstanding achievements were the abolition of slavery and application of peaceful ways to resolve conflicts. He was able to put an end to internal conflicts and to halt aggression from foreign countries with amiability and prudence. King Chulalongkorn was also the first Thai king to travel abroad.

In remembrance of this visionary monarch, Thai people from all walks of life gather at the Royal Plaza on October 23 each year to lay wreaths and flowers to pay homage to the equestrian state of King Chulalongkorn.

The statue depicts the King in an army uniform and mounted on a horse, which represented his position as Head of the Thai Armed Forces. It was built with a fund raised from public donations as an expression of the people’s love for the King in celebration of the “record reign”in 1908. Prince Vajiravudh, his son, and later Rama VI, presented the statue to King Chulalongkorn, as part of the celebrations.

The idea to build this statue came from the King himself, who in 1907 visited France and appreciated the statue of Louis XIV in front of Versailles Palace. He then ordered the casting of his equestrian statue modeled after the one at Versailles. In August 1907, a French sculptor was granted royal permission to design the statue, with the King himself sitting as the model in France.

Later, in 1908, King Chulalongkorn had the equestrian statue erected. On November 11 in the same year, the King unveiled his equestrian statue, the first monument dedicated to a Thai king. The front of the marble base has a statement engraved on a slab in praise of the King, saying “His Majesty is the beloved great and good king of the people.”

(Ref. http://thailand.prd.go.th/view_news.php?id=3899&a=1)



September 2014

The Prince Mahidol Award Laureates 2013

Laureates Name Year Field Country
Dr. Anthony Fauci, M.D. 2013 Medicine USA
Dr. David D. Ho, M.D. 2013 Medicine USA
Dr. Jim Yong Kim, M.D., Ph.D. 2013 Public Health USA
Dr. Peter Piot, M.D., Ph.D. 2013 Public Health Kingdom of Belgium




4 Laureates who have been honored the Prince Mahidol Award for 2013,
3 Laureates are: Anthony Fauci and David D. Ho, in Medicine, and Jim Yong Kim in Public Health from U.S.A.
And, 1 Laureate, Peter Piot in Public Health is from the Kingdom of Belgium.

The Prince Mahidol Award Foundation was established by the royal permission of His Majesty the King Bhumibol Adulyadej , in accordance with the proposal of Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, in commemoration of the Centenary Birthday Anniversary of His Royal Highness Prince Mahidol of Songkla on January 1st, 1992. The Foundation was established in honour of His Royal Highness and in recognition of his exemplary contribution as “The Father of Modern Medicine and Public Health of Thailand.”

The Prince Mahidol Award Foundation is established with the avowed purposes of:

  1. Honouring His Royal Highness Prince Mahidol of Songkla for his exemplary contributions to the advancement of medical, public health, and human services.
  2. Conferring the Prince Mahidol Award on individual(s) or institution(s) for outstanding performance and/or research in the field of medicine for the benefit of mankind.
  3. Conferring the Prince Mahidol Award on individual(s) or institution(s) for outstanding contribution in the field of public health for the sake of the well-being of the peoples.
  4. Promoting public goods and cooperating with other non-profit organizations which share the same purpose.
  5. Functioning without political affiliation

References:

Prince Mahidol - Thailand Father of Medicine and Public Health
Prince Mahidol Speeches and academic works The establishment
The objectives
Laureates by year
Laureates by name
Laureates by country

August 2014

เที่ยว 10 โครงการพระราชดำริ สัมผัส “ความรัก” ที่พระราชินีทรงมีให้เรา


นับเป็นเวลากว่า 60 ปี ที่ สมเด็จพระนางเจ้าสิริกิติ์ พระบรมราชินีนาถ เสด็จพระราชดำเนินเคียงข้างพระบาทสมเด็จพระเจ้าอยู่หัว ไปทั่วผืนแผ่นดินไทย เพื่อทรงช่วยบำบัดทุกข์บำรุงสุข ให้พสกนิกรของพระองค์มีชีวิตความเป็นอยู่ที่ดีขึ้น การได้สัมผัสกับประชาชนอย่างใกล้ชิด ทำให้สมเด็จพระราชินีทรงรับรู้ถึงปัญหาของประชาชนอย่างลึกซึ้ง รวมถึงทรงเห็นว่าทรัพยากรธรรมชาติ และเอกลักษณ์ไทยกำลังเลือนหายไปทุกที จึงทรงทำโครงการพระราชดำริต่างๆ เพื่อแก้ปัญหาปากท้อง และช่วยรักษามรดกสำคัญของชาติเอาไว้ ปัจจุบันมีโครงการพระราชดำของพระองค์ท่านถึงราว 2,000 โครงการ โครงการเหล่านี้นอกจากช่วยแก้ปัญหาแล้ว หลายโครงการยังมีเรื่องราวน่าสนใจ มีทัศนียภาพที่สวยงาม ที่น่าแนะนำให้นักเดินทางหาโอกาสไปสัมผัสด้วย

10 เส้นทางโครงการพระราชดำริ "ด้วยเพราะรักจากพระราชินี" ที่การท่องเที่ยวแห่งประเทศไทย คัดสรรมาแนะนำ ได้แก่


เส้นทางรักรวมไทย ที่โครงการพระราชดำริปางตอง 2 (ปางอุ๋ง)
จ. แม่ฮ่องสอน

เส้นทางคืนรอยยิ้มหลังน้ำลด ที่โครงการฟาร์มตัวอย่างตามพระราชดำริ
และศูนย์ตุ๊กตาชาววังบางเสด็จ

เส้นทางสร้างบ้านเล็กในป่าใหญ่ ที่สวนป่าเฉลิมพระเกียรติสมเด็จพระนางเจ้าสิริกิติ์ พระบรมราชินีนาถ
อ.สวนผึ้ง จ. ราชบุรี

เส้นทางรักษ์พันธุ์เต่าทะเล ที่ศูนย์อนุรักษ์พันธุ์เต่าทะเล กองทัพเรือ
อ. สัตหีบ จ. ชลบุรี

เส้นทางสวนสวย ดอกไม้สวย ที่สวนพฤกษศาสตร์สมเด็จพระนางเจ้าสิริกิติ์
อ. แม่ริม จ. เชียงใหม่

เส้นทางพลิกฟื้นคืนชีวิตป่าชายเลน ที่ศูนย์ศึกษาเรียนรู้ระบบนิเวศป่าชายเลนสิรินาถราชินี
อ. ปราณบุรี จ. ประจวบคีรีขันธ์

เส้นทางจากฝีมือชาวบ้านสู่วิจิตรศิลป์ของชาติ ที่พิพิธภัณฑ์ผ้า
ในสมเด็จพระนางเจ้าสิริกิติ์ พระบรมราชินีนาถ
และพิพิธภัณฑ์ศิลป์แผ่นดิน พระที่นั่งอนันตสมาคม
พระราชวังดุสิต กรุงเทพมหานคร

เส้นทางรักป่ารักน้ำ ที่โครงการป่ารักน้ำ บ้านถ้ำติ้ว
อ. ส่องดาว จ. สกลนคร

เส้นทางพลิกพื้นที่เสี่ยงภัยสู่ชุมชนหัวใจพอเพียง ที่โครงการหมู่บ้านเศรษฐกิจพอเพียงและฟาร์มตัวอย่าง
อันเนื่องมาจากพระราชดำริในสมเด็จพระนางเจ้าฯ พระบรมราชินีนาถ
บ้านรอตันบาตู ต. กะลุวอ อ. เมือง จ. นราธิวาส

เส้นทางศิลปะไทยสร้างอาชีพ ที่โครงการส่งเสริมศิลปาชีพบ้านสมพรรัตน์
อ. บุณฑริก จ. อุบลราชธานี




Jasmine flower is the symbol of The Mother's day
White jasmine flowers are a common sight in Thailand as they are the symbol of maternal love. The white color of the flower symbolizes purity of mother's true love, which will never change.

(Ref. & Photo :
http://travel.sanook.com/975056/เที่ยว-10-โครงการพระราชดำริ-สัมผัส-/

http://www.aecnews.co.th/travel/read/132


http://www.tlcthai.com/motherday/ดอกมะลิ-ดอกไม้ประจำวัน)



July 2014

Asana Bucha and Khao Pansa


Wan Asana Bucha and Wan Khao Pansa are very important Thai Buddhist holidays that fall next to each other, usually in July. In 2014, Wan Asana Bucha is on Friday, 11 July 2014 and Wan Khao Pansa on Saturday, 12 July 2014. This creates a long three-day weekend, where many businesses, government offices, schools and the like will be closed. There will be restrictions on Alcohol sales as well. There will be many activities around the temples, predominantly listening to sermons, making merit, feeding of monks, wiang tien, etc.

asana_bucha.jpg

Photo: dhammajak.net

khao_pansa3.jpg

Photo by Selapoom Pairor


Wan Asana Bucha
Full moon of the eighth lunar month (usually in July). Friday, 11 July 2014. The day before Wan Khao Pansa is known as Asanha Puja (วันอาสาฬหบูชา) Wan Asana Bucha in Thai (pronounced wan ah sa ha boo cha). This commemorates the Buddha’s first sermon in the Deer Park at Benares (Varanasi) in India. In this sermon, known as Setting the Wheel of Dhamma in Motion, the Buddha first spelled out the Four Noble Truths and the Noble Eightfold Path. This day is also regarded as the founding day of the Buddhist sangha (monkhood).

Many Thai people will return to their ancestral homes to worship in their local temple and to bring offerings for the monks. In the evening they will often perform a wian tian, where they walk clockwise around the main shrine of the temple carrying a candle, three incense sticks and a lotus bed. During the day, monks chant mantras or repeat the first sermon of the Buddha.

khao_pansa.jpg
khao_pansa2.jpg

Pictures July 7, 2014
Assoc. Prof. Dr.Thanuttkhul Mongkolaussavarat
Assistant Rector of Chulabhorn Graduate Institute
together with CGI instructors, staffs, and students
went to Lak Si temple on the occasion of Buddhist Lent
to donate candles, money, and utensils to monks
for studying dharma whilst staying in the temple.

Wan Khao Pansa
First day after the full moon of the eighth lunar month (usually in July). Saturday, 12 July 2014. Wan Khao Pansa (วันเข้าพรรษา) means the day of entering the rains retreat. This is a three-month annual retreat usually undertaken from July to October, during which monks must stay at the same temple, and refrain from wandering around the countryside. In India, it is known as Vassa. It begins on the day after Asana Bucha. The tradition dates from the time of the Buddha, when he forbade monks to travel during the rainy season for fear that they might unintentionally harm crops or insects in the places where they walked.

The Rains Retreat in Thailand
In Thailand, monks use the retreat to meditate more intensively. Lay people will often use this period to adopt more ascetic practices, abstaining from meat, alcohol or cigarettes, for example. Wan Khao Pansa is often referred to as Buddhist Lent, as its emphases on reflection and self-denial bear outward resemblance to the Christian Lenten period (though pre-dating it by over 500 years). It is also a time when many young Thai men ordain and join the monkhood for part or all of the period of the rains retreat. This is a traditional rite of passage for most young Thai men, and it creates valuable merit for the whole family.

Buddhist Lent Festival
Ubon Ratchatani is arguably the best place to enjoy this festival. Celebrants make giant candles and parade them through the streets along with floats depicting scenes from Buddhist and Hindu mythology. The floats are made of wood or plaster, but are coated with wax so that they fit with the candle motif. Each float and candle represents a specific temple in Ubon Ratchatani.

One important tradition for Wan Khao Pansa is “Khao Phansa Candles Making Ceremony” (ประเพณีหล่อเทียนพรรษา) where people bring white and yellow candles to make the Khao Phansa candles.

Also “Candle Festival” is the major event occurs on this day. The most famous of Candle Festival locates at Ubon Ratchathanee province, at Thung Sri Mueng temple which is the province’s most popular annual event. Local artists express their artistic talents and techniques through crafting and placing Thai pattern with the candle. The magnificent candles also demonstrate the link of local custom and religious belief. After the procession, they are presented to local temples.

Wan Khao Phansa is also the national “No alcohol day”. All venues are prohibited from wholesale or retail distribution and sales of alcohol, except hotels. The government also encourages their people to stop drinking during these three months with the campaign งดเหล้าเข้าพรรษา [Ngod Lao Kao Phansa].


Our beloved Princess-Scientist-Thailand's Pride ever, 4 July


Professor Dr. Her Royal Highness Princess Chulabhorn Walailak was born on 4 July 1957 in Bangkok, she is the youngest daughter of Their Majesties King Bhumibol Adulyadej and Queen Sirikit of Thailand.

As a qualified scientist, Her Royal Highness Princess Chulabhorn has always attached the greatest importance to the role of science in social and economic development, and accordingly originally conceived the idea of creating a national institute to assist in the development of Thailand.

Honors: Academic & Institute H.R.H. Princess Chulabhorn is a Professor of Chemistry at Mahidol University where she joined the faculty in 1985. Her special research interests are in the chemistry of natural products and in Thai medicinal plant, environmental health problems of developing countries and cancer research. She was the third person in the world to be awarded UNESCO's Einstein Medal for her continuous effort in promoting scientific collaboration in Asia and the Pacific, and she was the first Asian to be invited to join the Royal Society of Chemistry, in England, as an Honorary Fellow. She is also chairperson of the Working Group on the Chemistry of Natural Products collaborative programme between the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science and the National Research Council of Thailand.

H.R.H. Princess Chulabhorn has received international recognition for her scientific accomplishments in her appointment to various United Nations posts, namely special advisor to the United Nations Environment Programme and member of the Special High-Level Council for the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction of the United Nations. In addition, she has also been visiting professor at universities in Germany, Japan and U.S.A., and has received numerous honorary doctoral degrees from universities in U.S.A., U.K., Japan and elsewhere. Recently she has received the 2002 Environmental Mutagen Society-Hollaender International fellow Award, and in 2006 the Intergovernmental Forum on Chemical Safety Special Recognition Award, and most recently the Nagoya Medal Special Award presented to Her Royal Highness in October 2006 at Nagoya University.

Highly devoted the time and efforts to academic and scientific research

  • A professor in Chemistry at the Mahidol University
  • The President of the Chulabhorn Research Institute
  • The UNESCO Einstein Medal
  • The first Asian to be invited to join the Royal Society of Chemistry in the United Kingdom as an Honorary Fellow


Contribution to educational development activities

  • H.R.H. Princess Chulabhorn has been continuously a lecturer in biochemistry at Siriraj Medical School
  • A member of Tokyo University Council
  • Chulabhorn Rajwitayalai Schools were established in 12 remote provinces throughout the country to promote science and general education at elementary level



June 2014

International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking, 26 June

“A pill to make you numb
A pill to make you dumb
A pill to make you anybody else
But all the drugs in this world
Won’t save her from herself”
― Marilyn Manson



International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking

  • The United Nations’ (UN) International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking falls on June 26 each year to raise awareness of the major problem that illicit drugs represent to society. This day is supported by individuals, communities and various organizations all over the world.
  • June 26 is the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking. Established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1987, this day serves as a reminder of the goals agreed to by Member States of creating an international society free of drug abuse.

    The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) selects themes for the International Day and launches campaigns to raise awareness about the global drug problem. Health is the ongoing theme of the world drug campaign.

    Ref.http://www.unodc.org/drugs/en/june-26/index.html

May 2014

Buddhist celebration Visakha Bucha Day - May 13


Visakha Bucha (or Visakha Puja) Day, also known as Buddha’s Day, is an annual public holiday observed traditionally by Buddhists all over the world especially in Southeast Asian and South Asian countries of Thailand, Cambodia, Myanmar, Malaysia, Singapore, Vietnam, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and India. The festival commemorates the Birth, the Enlightenment of the Lord Buddha, and his entry into Nirvana or his Death, on the same date. This major Buddhist festival of the year is celebrated in different ways all over the world. The date varies according to the lunar calendars used in different countries. In Thailand it is always on the first full moon day. In 2014 the day falls on Tuesday, 13th of May.
Pictures showed places of Buddha's Birth, Enlightenemnt, and Nivarna in India - from Google.
Reference from Thai Culture Page @CGI

On Visakha Bucha occasion,we would like to lead you to experience this mind sanctuary, and to visit this virtual Wat Nyanavesakavan
the famous Buddhist temple Wat Nyanavesakavan.
You will learn about Biography of the Venerable Bhikku Payutto, his works, his birthplace museum in Suphanburi
Reading e-book "Vision of Dhamma"
And, you will be able to explore his writings from the digital library
and to listen to Dhamma Talks

Visakha Bucha Day



Traditionnally, Their Majesties the King and Queen presided over Vian tian procession by walking the lighted candles around Wat Pra Sriratanasasdaram in the Grand Palace.
On the special occasion that His Majesty the King entered the monkhood, he performed the ceremony as a monk.
This year May 13, 2014 is Visakha Bucha Day of Buddhist celebration of Buddha's Birth, Enlightenment, and Nivarna which occured on the same days. The Royal Ceremony takes place at the Royal Temple adjacent to the Grand Palace, and is presided over by H.M. the King, or his Royal Appointee, and attended by Members of the Royal Family both in the morning and the evening rites The festival concludes on the night of the full moon when the devotees join in the ceremony of circling 3 times a temple or chedi, with lighted candles and incense, and flowers in hand as a sign of respect to the Buddha, the Dharma, and the Sangha. This particular rite is called “vian tian” in Thai. Observers and tourists join in the procession of this beautiful candlelit night.
Reference from Thai Culture Page @CGI
Archival pictures of Royal procssion of vian tian from Google.

Interesting link The Dharma Realm Buddhist Young Adults (DRBY) consists of college students and young adults who are interested in applying Buddhist principles to their daily lives.

April 2014

Chakri Memorial Day, April 6




Prior to the establishment of Chakri Dynasty (the current royal lineage), the Kingdom of Siam (former name of Thailand) was in turmoil. Aggressive Burmese troops occupied the Northern Kingdom of Lan Na and were proceeding down south to the Siamese Royal Capital of Ayutthaya. A young man of noble Ayutthaya descent named Thong Duang (born in 1737) commanded the bitter fights in the Northern war. Despite the efforts to fight back, they were gradually forced to fall back until the Burmese had gotten a grip on the Royal Capital. Ayutthaya fell on April 8th, 1767 and the Siamese people fled to the city of Thonburi located further downriver on the mighty Chaophraya River. The beautiful city of Ayutthaya was destroyed by the Burmese, temples plundered, gold and jewelry looted, monks and women were cruelly effected. But the Burmese had suffered heavily in the taking of Ayutthaya and knew the Siamese would return to take up battle. Knowing they could not hold Ayutthaya, the Burmese retreated after only one week. War campaigns continued over the years, ebbing and flowing, until the Siamese armies united during 1779 in Thonburi. Thong Duang now known as Chakri became the military commander. He realized that the Royal Court of King Taaksin was in such disharmony because the King, weary of wars, had resorted to religion rather than addressed the needs of his subjects. The lack of leadership caused rebellions to break out. Rebels marched on Thonburi, calling for the overthrow and replacement of King Taaksin with their beloved “Chakri.” As a result Chaophraya Chakri took the title “King Ramathibodi” and reigned as King Rama I from April 6 1782 until 1809.

As an experienced military campaigner, King Rama I of the Chakri Dynasty knew that the city of Thonburi was vulnerable to possible Burmese attack from the west. Accordingly, he commanded that a new Capital be established across Chaophraya River. And so Krung - Thep (Bangkok) was created.

Chakri Day commemorates the founding of the Chakri Dynasty in 1782 by King Rama I. In the new capital city of Bangkok, King Rama I built the Grand Palace that now houses the Emerald Buddha. In addition, he helped release Thailand from the Burmese control, after Ayutthaya succumbed 14 years earlier.

In commemorating “Chakri Day,” the national flag is proudly displayed by the people of Thailand and both government officials and members of the community participate in traditional ceremonies, making offerings of flowers and garlands at the many statues of Kings in the House of Chakri.

King Bhumibol Adulyadej is the current King, known as King Rama IX or the ninth King of the Chakri dynasty. A Royal ceremony is performed by the King to pay respects to King Rama I the Great, the founder of the Chakri Dynasty.

(Resources & Photo http://www.thaigoodview.com/node/7524 , http://www.thaicongenvancouver.org/Chakri-Day.htm)


Songkran Festival, April 13-15




Resource http://www.bangkok.com/information-festivals/songkran.htm
Traveller Link http://www.thaifest.org/en


Songkran is the occasion for family re-unions, temple visits and annual house cleaning. Many Thais observe the holidays by spending time with families and friends. Traditionally, Thais perform the Rod Nam Dum Hua ritual on the first day of Songkran, which is officially the National Elderly Day. During the ritual, young people would pour fragrant water into the elders’ palms as a gesture of humility and to ask for their blessings.

ASCII


The second day of Songkran is officially the National Family Day. Families would wake up early and give alms to the monks, then ideally the rest of the day would be spent sharing quality family time together. An important religious ritual on Songkran is ‘Bathing the Buddha image’, in which devout Buddhists pour fragrant water over Buddha statues both at the temple and at home. More religious Thais would engage themselves in Buddhist ceremonies and merit-making activities throughout the holidays.

Water as Symbolism Contradictory to what you may have witnessed throughout Songkran, fun-loving Thais don’t just throw water at each other for no good reason (besides having a kick out of seeing other people soaking wet). The real meaning behind the splashes is to symbolically wash off all misfortunes in the past year, thus welcoming the new year with a fresh new start.

Traditionally, Thais would politely pour a bowl of water on members of the family, their close friends and neighbours. As Songkran has taken a more festive note, a bowl becomes a bucket, garden hose and water guns, and the spirit of holiday merriment is shared amongst all town residents and tourists alike.

Making Merit Making merit is an essential part of Songkran, and visiting nine sacred temples during Songkran considered one of the ultimate accumulators.

Songkran Do’s and Don’ts

Do’s Don’ts
✔ Do give alms and make merit (or just witness the rituals if you are not a Buddhist)
✔ Do use waterproof bags to protect your valuables
✔ Do watch your belongings
✔ Do use public transportation if you are heading to one of Songkran ‘hotspots’, as traffic will be paralysed
✔ Do try wishing the locals a happy new year in Thai – “Sawasdee Pee Mai!”
✔ Do smile and have fun
✘ Do not douse monks, babies or the elderly
✘ Do not drive when you have been drinking
✘ Do not throw water with ice or dirty water
✘ Do not throw water at motorcyclists, to prevent road accidents



Happy Songkran 2014

No other public holidays in Thailand that the people enjoy the feasts and activities to the full as much as the Songkran holiday.
Lasting 3 days, from April 13 until 15, and in some places as long as 5-7 days, this much waited for holiday celebrated nationwide is the traditional Thai New Year.
More about Songkran
Pictures from Google

Memorial Day of King Naresuan The Great, April 25


Royal statue of King Naresuan at Naresuan university,
Phitsanulok province, Thailand


King Naresuan entered Hanthawadi (now Pegu),
mural painting by Phraya Anusatchitrakon,
Wat Suwandararam, Ayutthaya.


  • King Naresuan The Great, Somdet Phra Naresuan Maharat (Thai: สมเด็จพระนเรศวรมหาราช)
    was passed away on April 25 ,1605 (1555 – 1605).


Somdet Phra Naresuan Maharat or Somdet Phra Sanphet II (1555 – 1605) was the King of the Ayutthaya kingdom from 1590 until his death in 1605. Naresuan was one of Siam's most revered monarchs as he was known for his campaigns to free Siam from Burmese rule. During his reign numerous wars were fought against Burma, and Siam reached its greatest territorial extent and influence.

Prince Naret was born in the city of Phitsanulok. He was the son of King Maha Thammarachathirat of Phitsanulok and his queen Wisutkasat. His mother was a daughter of Maha Chakkrapat and Queen Sri Suriyothai. His father was a Sukhothai noble, who had defeated Vorawongsathirat in 1548 and put Maha Chakkrapat on the throne. He was therefore an influential figure.

Prince Naret was also known as the Black Prince (Thai: พระองค์ดำ), and his younger brother Ekathotsarot was known as the White Prince. It is a common belief that these nicknames was given later due to a good cop/bad cop image of Naresuan and his brother. That is to say, while King “Naresuan the Black” ruled with an iron-fist, his brother “Ekathotsarot the White” intercedes on the behalf of the people. General opinion, however, attributes the virtues of Ekathotsarot to Naresuan. Supporter of this theory claims that as a military king, Naresuan needs to be seen as a strict and severe leader, and therefore commissioned his brother to act out the role play. His elder sister Suphankanlaya was known as the Golden Princess, presumably due to her adherence to chivalric honor.

In 1563 Bayinnaung, the King of Pegu, led massive Burmese armies in an invasion of Siam. King Bayinnuang laid siege to Phitsanulok. Maha Thammarachathirat came to believe that the city would not be able to withstand a long siege, so he surrendered to the Burmese. King Bayinnuang took Phitsanulok and made the Kingdom of Sukhothai a Burmese tributary. MahaThammarachathirat had to send his sons – the Black and the White Prince – to Pegu as captives to ensure the king's fidelity.
(Resource & Photo From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naresuan)

Some historians raised doubts about just how fluent the king's Burmese had actually been. Others suggested he had picked up a taste for betel nut and tea in Ayutthaya, which, historian Thamrongsak Petchlert-anan was swift to point out, were popular in the Thai capital during the king's reign from 1590 to 1605. Naresuan learned military strategy and political science during his nine years as a captive at the Burmese court at Pegu, according to “A History of Burma” by Maung Htin Aung. According to Thai and Burmese accounts, Prince Naresuan was sent to live in Pegu in order to ensure his father Somdet Phra Maha Thammarachathirat remained loyal to Burmese King Bayinnaung. Prince Naresuan returned to Siam when he was 16 and immediately committed his life to non-stop warfare. Nineteen years later he became king and embarked on continuous military campaigns, dying at the age of 50. A study of King Naresuan's battles indicates that the warrior king looked at politics far beyond the Chao Phya River basin, Sunait said. “He didn't just defend Ayutthaya: he actively attacked Burma. The king carried war into the Irrawaddy basin in order to maintain the stability of Ayutthaya,” the historian said. King Naresuan launched an attack on Ava to prevent Burma's new king from becoming stronger than the preceding one, he added. King Naresuan may have believed that a stable Ayutthaya required a weakened Ava and launched his campaign to prevent his western rival from extending its power over the Irrawaddy and Chao Phya basins, Sunait said. Historians agree that King Naresuan died before he arrived at the Burmese capital, but they disagree on the location.

The “father of Thai history” has King Naresuan dying in Siam, in tambon Thung Kaew, then known as Muang Hang. This is the established view set out in “The Biography of King Naresuan the Great” written in 1950 by Prince Damrongrajanubhap. According to Prince Damrong, King Naresuan and his younger brother Somdet Phra Ekathotsarot led their troops from Ayutthaya to Muang Chiang Mai, where they collected another 200,000 soldiers. The king then divided the troops into two armies, assigning his brother to lead one to Muang Fang while he headed to Muang Hang. But while Thai historians say King Naresuan died at Muang Hang, the Shan people beg to differ. According to their popular history, King Naresuan died at the Shan town of Mongton while on his way to help Chao Kham Kai Noi, the Prince of Hsenwi, resist the Burmese. Naresuan is still remembered by the Shan as the Thai king who helped them win independence for the Shan State in 1600 with his ally the Prince of Hsenwi. In the Shan version, their independence hinges on a deep friendship. The two Siamese princes and the Prince of Hsenwi forged a close bond while they were fellow hostages at the Burmese court, and King Naresuan died while rushing to the aid of a friend of his youth, they say. The Thai chronicles are less appealing. They have the warrior king dying of a sudden illness, a toxic disease characterised by skin pustules. According to the Shan, however, the Thai king and the Shan prince died side by side on the battlefield. Many Shan believe King Naresuan was cremated and his ashes interred in a stupa in Mongton, in the southern part of the Shan State. Shan soldiers still revere the Thai king as a hero who helped liberate them. Many wear King Naresuan amulets to protect them in their ongoing war with the Burmese junta. Recent Thai scholarship, however, identifies the town where King Naresuan died as Wieng Haeng in Chiang Mai. Villagers there even claim the “Royal Ceremonial Felt Hat” believed to have been worn by the king into battle was found in Wieng Haeng and has been kept there as historical evidence.
(Resource Warrior king remains a very modern mystery http://www.nationmultimedia.com/2006/04/30/headlines/headlines_30002880.php)

March 2014

Upcoming Mahidol University Writing and English Language Workshop

The workshop is organized by Faculty of Liberal Arts, Mahidol University at Ambassador Hotel, Bangkok, and this is open to public.

  • June 23, 2014 Writing for Publication: Building your Career Path. By Assoc.Prof. Dr.Robert C. Kleinsasser from Arizona State University
  • June 24, 2014 Using Mobile Devices to Develop English Vocabulary Skills. By Dr. Michael Harrington from the University of Queensland

Click here for Registration information

What is TCI ? And, why we need to know about TCI journal list?


Researchers are informed to publish their papers in ISI database, in order to be accepted in terms of international scholarly quality. In Thailand, the TCI was established to represent a Thai citation database initiative, and institutionalized since 2001 from the effort of KMUTT faculty and staff, who received a support from TRF - Thailand Research Fund.

TCI stands for Thai-Journal Citation Index Centre
Thai-Journal Citation Index Centre

List of science and technology journals indexed in TCI
http://www.kmutt.ac.th/jif/public_html/list%20journal.php?branch=S
This list provides a number Thai journals qualified by TCI. Information on publishers and web access to the journals are available.
And, the Office of Higher Education requires that in the application process for faculty status, papers submitted for qualifying consideration must be those appeared in TCI database.

TCI is a reference database aimed:

  1. to provide searching tool for cited research articles published in Thailand and mostly by Thai institutions
  2. to analyze and report TCI impact factors or Journal Impact Factors of the journals incorporated in TCI database
  3. to encourage knowledge and awareness on journal impact factors, h-index and quality of research articles at international level
  4. to research and distribute research work conducted by Thai research community for wider recognition among the international research community
  5. to collaborate with national and international publishers for improvement of the quality of Thai journals.


TCI journal selection criteria:

  1. Journals must publish only peer reviewed articles
  2. Distribution and publication dates must be accurate and punctual according to frequency announced formally
  3. Must continually publish research articles for a minimum 3 years by the date incorporated by TCI
  4. Must carry citation indexed and searchable from TCI database
  5. Must have the editorial board that comprised members from various institutions
  6. Must publish articles from various authors and sources from internal and external institutions
  7. Must publish standard printing format, international bibliographic data, and uniform style of citation
  8. Must publish the electronic version of the journal on web, and provide on-line submission of articles on web.




February 2014

World Cancer Day 2014



  • WORLD CANCER DAY A truly global event taking place every year on 4 February, World Cancer Day unites the world’s population in the fight against cancer. It aims to save millions of preventable deaths each year by raising awareness and education about the disease, pressing governments and individuals across the world to take action.

  • WORLD CANCER DAY 2014 Building on the success of last year’s campaign, World Cancer Day 2014 will focus on Target 5 of the World Cancer Declaration Reduce stigma and dispel myths about cancer, under the tagline “Debunk the myths”. There are still so many myths about the disease out there and this Day is the perfect opportunity for people to dispel them. Greater awareness and education about cancer can lead to positive change at an individual, community and policy level and across the continuum of cancer care. For World Cancer Day 2014 we will focus on four key myths and go about ‘debunking’ them through the various materials we are producing.

  • WHY WORLD CANCER DAY IS IMPORTANT Put simply, because the global cancer epidemic is huge and is set to rise. 1.5 million lives which would be lost to cancer, could be saved per year if decisive measures are taken to achieve the World Health Organization’s (WHO) ‘25 by 25’ target; to reduce premature deaths due to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) by 25% by2025. Currently, 7.6 million people die from cancer worldwide every year, out of which, 4 million people die prematurely (aged 30 to 69 years). So unless urgent action is taken to raise awareness about the disease and to develop practical strategies to address cancer, by 2025, this is projected to increase to an alarming 6 million premature cancer deaths per year. The estimate of 1.5 million lives lost per year to cancer that could be prevented must serve to galvanise our efforts in implementing the World Health Organization’s (WHO) ‘25 by 25’ target. There is now a need for a global commitment to help drive advancements in policy and encourage implementation of comprehensive National Cancer Control Plans. If we are to succeed in this, we have a collective responsibility to support low- and middle-income countries who are tackling a cancer epidemic with insufficient resources. World Cancer Day is the ideal opportunity to spread the word and raise the profile of cancer in people’s minds and in the world’s media.




(Ref. FOR MORE INFORMATION ON WORLD CANCER DAY, PLEASE VISIT: http://www.worldcancerday.org )

The Veterans Day

the_veterans_day.jpg
  • On the occasion of Thai Veterans Day which falls on this Monday , the 3rd of February , The War Veterans Organization of Thailand under Royal Patronage of His Majesty the King has an honor to arrange the ceremonies and activities as Religious Ceremony , Parade Ceremony , Exhibition and the Concert to commemorate the heroic deeds of the veterans who sacrificed their lives to defend our nation. The activities of Veterans Day commence from the 1st of February - the 3rd of February.



Red Poppy Flowers


The History of Thai Soldiers and Volunteers

The Royal Speech given to the veterans on the 23 rd January 1990 said that “War Veterans are most honourable persons. Because they have sacrificed their comfort, the wholeness of their bodies, even their flesh and blood and their very lives for their homeland and for their fellow citizens. Be proud and invite to keep your genuine dignity at all times.”
- The First World War ( W W I )
- The War of French Indo - China
- The War of Greater East Asia ( W W II )
Thai Veterans Day is recognized every year on 3 February which was set following the establishment of The War Veterans Organization of Thailand (WVO) on this day. The WVO was established by The War Veterans Act B.E. 2491 which was revised by the War Veterans Organization Act B.E. 2510 as a juristic entity operated by the Royal Thai Government, for charity purposes.
The organization aims to provide aid and assistance to the veterans and their families. The income of WVO comes from subsidy from the Ministry of Defense and the Government's allocated funds on certain occasions including donations. The organizational supports are in the way of general welfares, occupations, agricultural settlement, medical treatment, privilege and their prestige.
On the Veterans Day, every year, the WVO organizes activities to commemorate veterans' virtues and losses. Thai people also take part in such commemorative day through the purchasing of artificial red poppy flowers, the international symbol of veterans for their sacrifice to their motherlands, as the donations contributing to the WVO’s fund.

- (Ref. & Photo http://www.tlcthai.com/education/history-of-thailand/4423.html, http://www.thaiveterans.mod.go.th/eng/index_eng.htm, http://korat-weekends.blogspot.com/2010/02/veterans-day-2010-in-korat-city.html)

January 2014

National Teachers’ Day 2014 Celebration - January 16

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  • National Teachers’ Day 2014 Celebration

Each year on 16 January, Thailand celebrates National Teachers’ Day to underline the importance of teachers and to show gratitude to them. According to the Ministry of Education, the celebration of National Teachers’ Day 2014 focuses on the concept of honoring “Mother and Teacher of the Land.”

The celebration of National Teachers’ Day 2014 is the 58th of its kind. 16 January was chosen as Teachers’ Day to commemorate the enforcement of the Teachers Act on 16 January 1946, and it was celebrated for the first time in 1957. Various activities to mark this occasion include a ceremony to pay respect to senior teachers, as well as an award presentation to honor teachers, along with a discussion and an exhibition.

(More information http://thailand.prd.go.th/view_news.php?id=7084&a=2)

  • บทสวดเคารพคุณ ครูอาจารย์ (Song in Praise of Guru and Aacariya)

“ปาเจราจริยา โหนฺติ คุณุตฺตรานุสาสกา ปฺญญาวุฑฺฒิกเรเตเต ทินฺโนวาเท นมามิหํ”
“I bow my head in reverence of another great value, which is that of the guru and aacariya or the teachers who impart valuable lessons of right and wrong to their pupils with great kindness, who expound and impart their knowledge to the pupils, helping them comprehend the lessons by means of explanation and delineation. Always in the mind of a teacher is the constant and unshakable wish for the students’ happiness and freedom from harm. A teacher is one who strives to cultivate the minds of his or her students, to help them overcome the dark veil of ignorance and doubtfulness and illuminate their minds. The virtue of the teacher is revered as one of the most exalted virtues in the Three Realms (heaven, earth, and underworld). We should, therefore, bear in mind the great value of a teacher with respect and reverence at all time.”

  • Paraphrased from “Kunanukun Tri Pak (คุณานุคุณไตรภาค)“

Published for the occasion of Her Royal Highness Princess Petcharajrajsuda Sirisobhapanwadi 84th Birthday Anniversary in 2009,
by the Office of National Education Council. The publication is available from CGI Learning Center.

- Call no. BQ5631 ธ129ค 2552

- E-Book



150th Anniversary of the Birthday of Her Majesty Queen Sri Bajarindra

“I may be am a woman, but my heart is the same as you, full of love for our country, our religion and our King.”

January 1, 2014

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  • Her Majesty Queen Sri Bajarindra (Queen Sawabha Phongsri)


Her Majesty Queen Sri Bajarindra was born Her Royal Highness Princess Sawabha Phongsri on 1 January 1864, to His Majesty King Mongkut (Rama IV) and the Princess Consort Piyamavadi of the Aristocratic Sucharitkul family.

Thailand celebrates the 150th Anniversary of the Birthday of Her Majesty Queen Sri Bajarindra (Queen Sawabha Phongsri) on 1 January 2014.

UNESCO has pronounced Her Majesty Queen Sri Bajarindra - the Queen of His Majesty King Chulalongkorn on the list of Anniversaries of historic events and of eminent personalities, celebrated by Member States and Associate Members with which UNESCO is associated in 2014-2015.

Queen Savang was listed in the UNESCO Calendar of Anniversaries of Great Personalities and Historic Events, 2012-2013, on her 150th anniversary in 2012.

Poignantly, her beloved sister, Her Majesty Queen Regent Sri Bajarindra has been listed in the UNESCO Calendar of Anniversaries of Great Personalities and Historic Events, 2014-2015, also on her 150th anniversary in 2014.

His Majesty the King has commanded a Royal Ceremony to be held at the Grand Palace on 24 January 2014, to mark this special gesture.

Her Majesty the Queen Regent was the first woman of Siam to oversee the betterment of the Siamese women, first making herself a teacher to the Court of King Chulalongkorn, teaching the ladies the proper ways and educating them about Siamese ceremonies and culture.

She also got to witness two World Wars, the many changes within her beloved Kingdom, many more heartaches under dictatorial rules and corruptions under the banner of democracy, of how the peaceful Siam of old has tuned into a contradicting country with power-hungry personage vying to run the show.

Her Majesty passed away on 20 October 1919, in the reign of her eldest son, King Vajiravudh or Rama VI, at the age of 55.

(Ref. http://www.soravij.com/sribajarindra.html)



December 2013

His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej Royal Birthday Anniversary

December 5th, 2013

  • Long Live The King, HIS MAJESTY KING BHUMIBOL ADULYADEJ

    • Dasavidha-rājadhamma; Tenfold Virtue of the Ruler
      Dasavidha-rājadhamma or Rajādhamma 10 (“tenfold virtue of the ruler”) is one the Buddhist dharma that rulers of people, organisations, companies, offices, countries or other organs are purposed to hold. It could be found in Sutta, Kuddakanikāya, Jātaka, stating.
      • Dasavidha-rājadhamma composes of:
        • Dāna (charity) — being prepared to sacrifice one's own pleasure for the well-being of the public, such as giving away one's belongings or other things to support or assist others, including giving knowledge and serving public interests.
        • Sīla (morality) — practicing physical and mental morals, and being a good example of others.
        • Pariccāga (altruism), being generous and avoiding selfishness, practicing altruism.
        • Ājjava (honesty) — being honest and sincere towards others, performing one's duties with loyalty and sincerity to others.
        • Maddava (gentleness) — having gentle temperament, avoiding arrogance and never defaming others.
        • Tapa (self controlling) — destroying passion and performing duties without indolence.
        • Akkoda (non-anger) — being free from hatred and remaining calm in the midst of confusion.
        • Avihimsa (non-violence) — exercising non-violence, not being vengeful.
        • Khanti (forbearance) — practicing patience, and trembling to serve public interests.
        • Avirodhana (uprightness) — respecting opinions of other persons, avoiding prejudice and promoting public peace and order.

    • ทศพิธราชธรรม หรือ ราชธรรม ๑๐ ประการ
      คือจริยวัตร 10 ประการ ที่พระบาทสมเด็จพระเจ้าอยู่หัวได้ทรงบำเพ็ญมาโดยสม่ำเสมอ ได้แก่ ทาน ศีล บริจาค ความซื่อตรง ความอ่อนโยน ความเพียร ความไม่โกรธ ความไม่เบียดเบียน ความอดทน และความเที่ยงธรรม ราชธรรม ๑๐ ประการนี้เรียกว่า “ทศพิธราชธรรม”





Call no.
Ref. DS586 ก313 2556

  • นิทรรศการ แนะนำหนังสือ “กลางใจราษฎร์ พระราชประวัติพระบาทสมเด็จพระเจ้าอยู่หัวภูมิพลอดุลยเดช”

ผู้เขียน : คริส เบเคอร์, เดวิค สตรีคฟัส, พอพันธ์ อุยยานนท์, จูเลียน เกียริง, พอล วีเดล, ริชาร์ด เออห์ลิค, โรเบิร์ต ฮอร์น, โจ คัมมิงส์, โรเบิร์ต วู้ดโรว์
ผู้แปล : มนันยา, จงจิต อรรถยุกติ, พรรษพร ชโลธร

“กลางใจราษฎร์ : หกทศวรรษแห่งการทรงงาน” เป็นหนังสือประวัติศาสตร์ที่ดีและทรงคุณค่าที่สุด นำเสนอเรื่องราวพระราชประวัติ และพระราชกรณียกิจ ของพระบาทสมเด็จพระเจ้าอยู่หัวฯ ให้ข้อมูลเชิงลึก ตรงไปตรงมาและน่าสนใจ เป็นหนังสือที่นำเสนอเรื่องราวพระราชประวัติ และพระราชกรณียกิจของพระบาทสมเด็จพระเจ้าอยู่หัวฯ ที่มีเนื้อหาน่าติดตาม มีความสมดุล และเป็นกลางในการเสนอประเด็นต่างๆ ให้ข้อมูลเชิงลึกที่น่าสนใจในประเด็น ที่ไม่ค่อยมีการเผยแพร่ทางสื่อสิ่งพิมพ์มากนัก อาทิ เรื่องของกฎหมายหมิ่นพระบรมเดชานุภาพ การสืบราชสันตติวงศ์ คณะองคมนตรี และสำนักงานทรัพย์สินส่วนพระมหากษัตริย์
“กลางใจราษฎร์” ช่วยให้ผู้อ่านเข้าใจพระบาทสมเด็จพระเจ้าอยู่หัวฯ และประเทศไทยดียิ่งขึ้น ผ่านเนื้อหาของหนังสือที่สมดุล ไม่เอนเอียงและไม่เป็นวิชาการจนเกินไป เปิดเล่มด้วยประวัติศาสตร์โดยสังเขป ว่าด้วยความเป็นมาและจารีตประเพณีเกี่ยวกับการปกครองระบอบกษัตริย์ของไทย และสถานภาพสถาบันกษัตริย์ในประวัติศาสตร์ไทยตั้งแต่สมัยโบราณ เนื้อหาหลักของหนังสือแบ่งออกเป็น 3 ส่วน คือ พระราชประวัติ พระราชกรณียกิจ และสถาบันพระมหากษัตริย์ รวมทั้งกฎหมาย ขั้นตอนกระบวนการและประเพณีต่างๆ ที่เชิดชูและเกี่ยวข้องกับสถาบันฯ ซึ่งเรื่องราวทั้งหมดนั้น ล้วนควรค่าแก่การศึกษาเป็นอย่างยิ่ง (se-ed.com)


November 2013

Loi Krathong Festival: November 17


Loi Krathong takes place on the evening of the full moon of the 12th month in the traditional Thai lunar calendar. In the western calendar this usually falls in November.

(Photo: 110.164.64.136/~561501079/joomla/images/loykrathong/41154.jpg)


Loi Krathong Festival

  • Loi Krathongs history in Thailand

Loi Krathong in Thailand originated in Sukhothai period as Loy Phra Pra Teip or Loy Khom (floating lantern). It is a festival of Thai people. After that, Noppamas- the most favorite concubines Sukhothai king - created krathong, like lotus-shaped, for floating in the river. Instead of floating lantern, it used for worshipping the foot-print of Buddha at Nammathanati River beach in Thakkhinabodh district, India. As we called Nehrabhuddha river.

  • Loi Krathong at the present

Nowadays, Thai people still keep form suitably; on the full moon of the twelfth, people usually prepare natural materials to make krathong. For example, they use banana trunk and lotus to make beautiful krathong then stick candle, incense stick, and flowers in krathong. They always ask for good luck in the future and forgiveness Pra Mae Khongkha. At the temples and tourist places, they held contestation of making krathong and Noppamas beauty pageants contest. There are many entertainment shows at night. Moreover, they set cautiously fireworks. The materials, used for making krathong, could be easily decomposed.

(Ref: http://www.loikrathong.net/en/History.php)

Father of Rainmaking Project Day: November 14

“Drought is solved by the Royal Rainmaking Project”





  • Father of Rainmaking Project Day: November 14

As the majority of the Thai people depend on agriculture, Thailand needs a large amount of water for farming activities. Formerly, Thai farmers had to wait for seasonal rain to grow crops. As a result, the crop production usually suffered from drought as there was not enough rainfall during the long dry season. HM King Bhumibol Adulyadej learned about this problem by travelling to even the remotest corner of the country. Out of the purpose to help his people, the King devoted himself to studying and researching artificial rainmaking techniques and donated his private funds to launch the Royal Rainmaking Project.

Reference: http://www.thaiwaysmagazine.com/king/rainmaking.html
Photos by Royal courtesy

October 2013

October 23rd, 2013

  • Phra Piya Maharaj-the Great Beloved King
    • On October 23 of every year, the Thai nation celebrate the accomplishments of His Majesty King Chulalongkorn the Great. Phra Bat Somdet Phra Poramintharamaha Chulalongkorn Phra Chunla Chom Klao Chao Yu Hua, or Rama V was the fifth monarch of the Royal Chakri Dynasty. His Majesty was known as “Phra Phuttha Chao Luang” and “Phra Piya Maharaj-the Great Beloved King ”. His Majesty King Chulalongkorn was born on September 20, 1853 and passed away on October 23, 1910.
  • Educational Development Initiative
    • Education for All. “All of our subjects, will have the same opportunity to study-be they royals, nobles or commoners”.
    • The first public school was established at Wat Mahanaparam in Bangkok. Department of Education was officially established to be in charged of the national educational administration.
    • Revision of Thai language textbooks to facilitate teaching and studying, to be more attractive to use. And, the examination templates were introduced to assure standard quality of education.
    • Higher education, Western style Military School, School for Civil Services, and Teachers’ Training were established.
    • Established in 1888 a School of Medical Practitioners at Siriraj Hospital, now Mahidol University.
    • King’s scholarships, granted for Thai students to study abroad, the UK, France, Germany, Russia etc.
    • National Library was built to serve lifelong education.
      • ข้อมูลจากหนังสือแนวพระราชดำริด้านการศึกษา ๙ รัชกาล; เรียบเรียงเนื้อหาและแปลเป็นภาษาอังกฤษโดย ประดิษฐา ศิริพันธ์


His Holiness Somdet Phra Nyanasamvara the Supreme Patriarch of Thailand

October 3rd, 2013
“The Celebration of the 100th Birthday Anniversary of His Holiness Somdet Phra Nyanasamvara the Supreme Patriarch of Thailand 3rd October 2013”
“ฉลองพระชันษา 100 ปี สมเด็จพระญาณสังวร สมเด็จพระสังฆราช สกลมหาสังฆปริณายก 3 ตุลาคม 2556”
(Photo: sangharaja.org)
(Photo: inthailandmag.com)

Somdet Phra Nyanasamvara Somdet Phra Sangharaja Sakalamahasanghaparinayaka (Charoen Suvaḍḍhano) (Thai: สมเด็จพระญาณสังวร สมเด็จพระสังฆราช สกลมหาสังฆปริณายก (เจริญ สุวฑฒฺโน) “His Holiness Phra Yannasangwon, the Supreme Patriarch, the Head of all Members of the Sangha”) (3 October 1913 – 24 October 2013) was the 19th Supreme Patriarch of Thailand. He was appointed to the position in 1989 by King Bhumibol Adulyadej. He turned 100 in October 2013.

Achievements and challenges During his more than seventy years as a monk and novice, Somdet Nyanasamvara has held a variety of posts in the Thai ecclesiastic hierarchy. In these roles, he has always been concerned with promoting education, both religious and secular. He has assisted in the founding and construction of numerous schools, as well as sponsoring campaigns to build schools, temples, and hospitals in rural communities.

As abbot of Wat Bovoranives, he oversaw the renovation and expansion of this famed century-old monastery. Long interested in the meditation techniques of the Thai forest monks, Somdet Nyanasamvara has helped make his temple residence a center for meditation study and instruction in Bangkok, himself delivering lectures on meditation and Buddhist teachings on two Uposatha days each month.

Somdet Nyanasamvara has also been active in teaching to both non-Thais and the international Thai emigrant community. His recorded sermons and teachings are distributed among Thais living outside Thailand, particularly in areas where there is not access to temples or Theravada monks. Non-Thais have also been encouraged to study Buddhism; Wat Bovoranives is known as one of several monasteries in Thailand where Westerners can not only study, but also ordain either as full bhikkhu, or for a limited term (such as vassa) as a novice (samanera). A number of Somdet Nyanasamvara's books and talks have also been translated into English, and he has been involved in sponsoring the establishment of temples and monasteries outside Thailand.

Somdet Phra Nyanasamvara’s tenure has probably been exposed to more criticism and controversy than that of any preceding Thai Sangharaja. A number of Thai monks – among them some prominent and popular religious leaders – became embroiled in scandal, with allegations ranging from sexual misconduct to corrupt fundraising schemes and involvement in organized crime. Changes in Thai society wrought by modernization began to impose on the traditional and conservative Sangha as well – including calls for greater rolls for laypeople and younger monks in religious affairs, and organized efforts both in Thailand and abroad to re-create the lost Theravada bhikkhuni (nun-priest) ordination.

Because of the convoluted governing structure of the Thai Sangha (which includes both ecclesiastic and civil officials) and the Patriarch’s health problems, it is difficult to determine what, if any, role that Somdet Nyanasamvara has played in formulating a response to these challenges. Certainly, the course held by the Council of Elders has not strayed during his tenure; they continue to defrock those monks found guilty of the most flagrant offenses, and to strongly oppose any change in the official status of women in the Sangha. The Council (and, by implication, Somdet Nyanasamvara) have received criticism for not taking a more proactive role in reforming disciplinary standards and eliminating corruption.

Like its predecessors, the Council of Elders under Somdet Nyanasamvara has been very conservative and reluctant to act without great deliberation. There are some indications that this may be the best course for maintaining the confidence of the lay public; in the United States, for instance, some temples that have attempted to change the roles of Theravada monks have been met by a strong backlash from their lay communities. However, the troubles of the Catholic Church in the United States have offered a model of the possible consequences of failing to deal openly and swiftly with corruption and misconduct: an eventual meltdown, made worse by stop-gap attempts to preserve the people’s faith in religious institutions, rather than dealing openly with problems.

Furthermore, educated Buddhist women and their supporters – Thais, Westerners, and others – continue to call for an expanded role for female Buddhists, with many calling for a rebirth of the Theravada bhikkhuni lineage. They are joined in this call not only by some laymen, but by an increasing number of progressive monks. Some supporters of the recreation of the bhikkhuni lineage have already begun to take action, ordaining Buddhist nuns through recourse to the existing Chinese bhikkhuni lineage. The Council and secular authorities have condemned these actions, going so far as to arrest for impersonation of a member of the clergy at least one Thai woman who underwent the new bhikkhuni ordination (ordained bhikkhu have a different civil status in Thai society than non-ordained female followers, such as the mae jis).

The actions of Somdet Nyanasamvara and his Council (or, more likely, his successor and his Council) during the next few years may have a lasting impact on the Thai Sangha – either by beginning to resolve the troublesome questions that have arisen during the last half of the 20th century, or by deepening what could prove to be a pending crisis for Theravada as a whole.



Photo courtesy of Supreme Patriarch's Secretariat
(Credit Photo from Bangkok Post: news
http://bangkokpost.com/news/local/376239/supreme-patriarch-dies-at-100)



Supreme Patriarch dies at 100
King, nation mourn passing of Buddhist spiritual leader

The nation and the entire Buddhist community are mourning the loss of His Holiness the Supreme Patriarch of Thailand, Somdet Phra Nyanasamvara Suvaddhana Mahathera, who died at Chulalongkorn Hospital Thursday evening.

The 9th statement released Thursday by the hospital said the overall condition of His Holiness had worsened and he died at 7.30pm. He died of sepsis (a blood infection), according to the statement.

In the eighth hospital statement released earlier Thursday, the general condition of the Supreme Patriarch had deteriorated with a drop in his blood pressure. A team of physicians had been monitoring his condition closely. The Supreme Patriarch received surgery to treat an intestinal infection on Oct 14. A group of monks and Buddhists who were following the Supreme Patriarch's condition at Chulalongkorn Hospital joined in prayers for his health to improve. The Supreme Patriarch had been ill since Feb 20, 2002 when he was admitted to Chulalongkorn Hospital.

Somdet Phra Nyanasamvara was appointed by His Majesty the King as the head of the Buddhist clergy in 1989, the 19th Supreme Patriarch since the beginning of the Chakri Dynasty. At 24 years in the role, His Holiness was the longest-reigning Supreme Patriarch.

The World Buddhist Supreme Conference last year bestowed the title of the Supreme Holiness of World Buddhism on the Supreme Patriarch during a Buddhist summit in Japan, attended by Sangha leaders from 32 nations worldwide.


September 2013

September 20th
Royal Birthday Anniversary of Their Majesties King Chulalongkorn and King Ananda Mahidol
“๒๐ กันยายน
วันคล้ายวันพระราชสมภพ พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรมินทรมหาจุฬาลงกรณ์ฯ พระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว รัชกาลที่๕
และ พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรเมนทรมหาอานันทมหิดล พระอัฐมรามาธิบดินทร รัชกาลที่๘ แห่งราชวงศ์จักรี”

  • Chulalongkorn the Great, King Rama V

King Chulalongkorn, also called Phrachunlachomklao, posthumous name Rama V (born Sept. 20, 1853, Bangkok, Siam [now Thailand]—died Oct. 23, 1910, Bangkok), king of Siam who avoided colonial domination and embarked upon far-reaching reforms.

King Chulalongkorn was the ninth son of King Mongkut, but since he was the first to be born to a royal queen, he was recognized as heir to the throne. He was only 15 years old when his father died in October 1868, and he succeeded to the throne under the regency of Somdet Chao Phraya Si Suriyawong. Over the next five years he was prepared to assume his duties by observing court business and by travels to British Malaya and the Dutch East Indies in 1871 and to Malaya, Burma (Myanmar), and India in 1871–72.

Following his coronation in November 1873, the young king enacted a series of ambitious reforms, beginning with the abolition of slavery, the improvement of judicial and financial institutions, and the institution of appointed legislative councils. His commitment to reforms patterned on Western models, which he considered vital to Siam’s survival, antagonized conservative factions at court and precipitated a political crisis early in 1875. Rebuffed by the older generation, the king instituted no further reforms for the next decade, but he slowly built up a corps of able, trusted administrators with whom he began from the mid-1880s to overhaul Siam’s antiquated administration. These steps culminated in 1892 with the creation of 12 ministries functionally organized on Western lines, responsible for such functions as provincial administration, defense, foreign affairs, justice, education, and public works. He thereby drastically curbed arbitrary administration, ended the autonomy of outlying provinces, instituted the rule of impersonal law, and laid the foundations of modern Thai citizenship through compulsory primary education and universal military conscription.

Internal reforms were undertaken both because the liberal king believed them to be right and because he recognized that he had to show the colonial powers that Siam was “civilized” in order to avoid the fate of neighbouring countries that fell under colonial rule. Even so, old Siam did not survive intact. The French provoked war with Siam in 1892, and by treaties with France up to 1907 Siam had to give up its rights in Laos and western Cambodia. In 1909 Siam ceded to Great Britain the four Malay states of Kelantan, Trengganu, Kedah, and Perlis, and this brought some moderation of the system of extraterritoriality—which ended only two decades later. In relations with the West, Chulalongkorn even-handedly balanced the colonial powers against one another and consistently sought to have Siam treated as an equal among nations. During tours of Europe in 1897 and 1907, he was received as an equal by Western monarchs. When King Chulalongkorn died in 1910, following the longest reign in Thai history, he bequeathed to his son King Vajiravudh a modern, independent kingdom.

Chulalongkorn. (2013). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/116866/Chulalongkorn
(Ref. Photo blog.eduzones.com/supersine/98686)


  • Ananda Mahidol, King Rama VIII

King Ananda Mahidol, also called Rama VIII (born Sept. 20, 1925, Heidelberg, Ger.—died June 9, 1946, Bangkok), eighth king of the Chakkri dynasty of Siam, whose death was one of the most traumatic events in the history of modern Thailand. King Ananda Mahidol was only 10 years old and a schoolboy in Switzerland when he succeeded his uncle, King Prajadhipok, in 1935. World War II prevented his return to Thailand to assume his constitutional duties until 1946.
Ananda Mahidol. (2013). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/22675/Ananda-Mahidol
(Ref. Photo blog.eduzones.com/supersine/98686)


August 2013

On August 12, Thais will celebrate the 81st Birthday of Her Majesty Queen Sirikit, while at the same time celebrating Mother’s Day throughout the kingdom. In Thailand,12th August is celebrated as the birthday of Her Majesty Queen Sirikit. As the Queen is also regarded as mother to all Thai people, this day is also celebrated as Mother’s Day. On this day, white jasmine flowers are a common sight in Thailand as they are the symbol of maternal love. The white color of the flower symbolizes purity of mother’s true love, which will never change. HM Queen Sirikit has long been an ardent ambassador for Thai silk, wearing the fabric and clothes made from the different styles of Thai silk, locally and abroad.In 1960, Her Majesty the Queen decided that Thai women needed a distinctive national dress that would embody the traditions and craftsmanship of the kingdom internationally, with handwoven Thai silk, as well as plain, brocade or patterned, and tie-dyed silk, chosen as the material.


Projects to raise the living standards
of the people

Humanitarian and Social Welfare

Her Majesty’s Work in Rural Areas

Royal Development Projects

Queen Sirikit Museum of Textiles

The Support Foundation

Her Majesty’s concern for Education
and Health Care

International Recognition and Awards

TIRELESS DEVOTION Her Majesty has always been very active in many of her own projects, such as the Sai Jai Thai Foundation. Her Majesty’s care and compassion shines through as she regularly visits soldiers, policemen and civil servants who are injured in their work. The foundation, which is under her royal patronage, also looks after the families of those who have died in active service. Her Majesty has long been performing a variety of charitable activities and often provides assistance to needy families, especially farmers and unemployed villagers. Her Majesty established the Foundation for the Promotion of Supplementary Occupations and Related Techniques (SUPPORT) to help rural people to use their artistic skills and natural resources to produce unique local handicrafts.





Her Majesty has always been very devoted to Her children. She attended the Kindergarten class at Rajini School. But subsequently went to St. Francis Xavier School at Samsen District in Bangkok in order to be nearer to home. Her father later on became Thai Minister to France, to Denmark and ultimately Ambassador to the Court of St. James. Her Majesty accompanied him and continued her general education in the three countries and lastly in Switzerland.

It was while her father was stationed in Paris that she first met His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej, who was then studying in Switzerland but went now and then to Paris. The chance meeting in Paris ripened into friendship and understanding. When His Majesty met with a serious motor car accident in Geneva, Switzerland and had to stay in a hospital at Lausanne, Her Majesty was a frequent visitor. When His Majesty was well again and left the hospital, He was graciously pleased to arrange for Her Majesty to continue her studies at “Riante Rive”, a boarding school in Lausanne.

On July 19, 1949 Their Majesties were quietly engaged in Lausanne. On March 24, 1950, Their Majesties landed in Bangkok by ship after a long absence. On April 28 of the same year, the Royal Wedding took place at Padumawan Palace before the Queen Grandmother. As a democratic King and Queen, Their Majesties signed their names in the Registry Book of Marriages. Prince Chandaburi Suranath also appended his signature in the book to show that he permitted his daughter, who was then under age and required her father’s consent to the marriage, to go through the ceremony of marriage. His Majesty then crowned HM the Queen in conformity with Thai tradition.

Their Majesties have four children, namely: Princess Ubolratana, born on April 5, 1951, His Royal Highness Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn, born on July 28, 1952, Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, born on April 2, 1955 and Her Royal Highness Princess Chulabhorn, born on July 4, 1957.

Their Majesties took great care in the education of their children in order to prepare them to meet the various duties which they will have to undertake in later life. A choice had to be made between private tutoring and sending the children to an ordinary school. Private tutoring is a good medium for imparting knowledge, but it lacks human contact with children of similar ages. Attendance at an ordinary school also has its drawbacks. From experience, it would appear that teachers, pupils and even parents are subjected to biases either favorable or unfavorable. In order to avoid these inconveniences, His Majesty, with the entire concurrence of Her Majesty, set up a school in the compound of Chitralada Villa. Better control and supervision could thus be assured. The school was established and registered in accordance with the law in November 1958. There were about 78 children in the school. The classmates of the Royal children were sons and daughters of ordinary people of various vocations. In the year 2007 the number of Chitralada School children increased to 1,822 with 285 regular teachers and several part-time teachers.

Her Majesty has always been very devoted to Her children. During their younger days, she used to spend as much time with them whenever Her duties would allow, and kept close supervision on all their activities. When Her Majesty was in the United States of America during the State Visit with His Majesty in 1960, a TV representative asked Her what Her favorite hobby was. The reply was: “Looking after my children!”




Jasmine flower is the symbol of The Mother's day
White jasmine flowers are a common sight in Thailand as they are the symbol of maternal love. The white color of the flower symbolizes purity of mother's true love, which will never change.

(Ref. http://www.highlightthailand.com/main/detail_content/12th-August-H-M-The-Queen-s-Birthday-Mother-s-Day-in-Thailand/122.html, http://www.pattayamail.com/888/queen-sirikit.shtml, http://www.student-weekly.com/060812/060812-education01.html, http://www.dayformothers.com/around-the-world/mothers-day-in-thailand.html
Photo : the Bureau of the Royal Household, pattayamail.com/888/queen-sirikit.shtml, aj-tawipas.blogspot.com/2011/08/birthday-of-her-majesty-queen-sirikit.html, tlcthai.com/motherday/ดอกมะลิ-ดอกไม้ประจำวัน)



July, 2013

Asalahabucha Day July 22, 2013
The second full moon day of the eighth Thai lunar month, is the Asalaha Bucha Day, which is another most sacred Buddhist holy days. Buddhists celebrate this day because of its important historic events in the past, or actually of over 2,500 years ago. Asalaha Bucha means paying hommage to the Buddha. This particular day commemorates the first Dharma discourse given by the Buddha to his first Buddhist monk, and thus constituting the birth of the Triple Gem of Buddhism; namely, the Buddha, the Dharma or his teachings, and the Sangha or his disciples.

Khaopansa Day July 23, 2013
On the day right after Asalaha Bucha Day another important religious event, Khao Pansa or Vassa or the Rains Retreat, is celebrated. The event starts from the first day of the waning moon of the eighth Thai lunar month (normally the first day after the full moon day in July), and lasts for 3 months. During this rainy time monks will remain in the temples and devote themselves to religious studies, serious contemplation and mediation, and to observe their religious obligations. This year, Khao Pansa begins on July 23th, and ends on October 19th (or called Okpansa).

References: please visit CGI Thai Culture page

CGI Exhibition on July 4, 2013 in Honor of Her Royal Highness Princess Chulabhorn Birthday Celebration
featuring a video presentation “Our Beloved Princess-Scientist-Thailand’s Pride Ever”
“เจ้าฟ้าฯนักวิทยาศาสตร์ในดวงใจ พสกนิกรชาวไทยร่วมใจสดุดี”
“Royal Chakri Dynasty: Educational Development Initiative” a video presentation based on the book “แนวพระราชดำริด้านการศึกษา ๙ รัชกาล”
CGI Building in Pictures: from 2005 to Today” an archival gallery of CGI Building Construction.

June, 2013

  • June 04, 2013 : Library Orientation at CGI Learning Center
  • June 12-14, 2013 : Mini Bookfair #1/2556 at CGI Learning Center, M Floor


May, 2013

Coronation Day, May 5




Bhumibol was crowned King of Thailand on 5 May 1950 at the Royal Palace.


Coronation and titles
The 63rd anniversary of the Coronation of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej, the world’s longest reigning monarch.

Bhumibol was crowned King of Thailand on 5 May 1950 at the Royal Palace in Bangkok where he pledged that he would “reign with righteousness for the benefit and happiness of the Siamese people” (“เราจะครองแผ่นดินโดยธรรม เพื่อประโยชน์สุขแห่งมหาชนชาวสยาม”). Notable elements associated with the coronation included the Bahadrabith Throne beneath the Great White Umbrella of State; and he was presented with the royal regalia and utensils.

In 1950 on Coronation Day, Bhumibol's consort was made Queen (Somdej Phra Boromarajini). The date of his coronation is celebrated each 5 May in Thailand as Coronation Day, a public holiday. On 9 June 2006, Bhumibol celebrated his 60th anniversary as the King of Thailand, becoming the longest reigning monarch in Thai history.

Following the death of his grandmother Queen Savang Vadhana, Bhumibol entered a 15-day monkhood (22 October 1956 – 5 November 1956) at Wat Bowonniwet, as is customary for Buddhist males on the death of elder relatives. During this time, Sirikit was appointed his regent. She was later appointed Queen Regent (Somdej Phra Boromarajininat) in recognition of this.

Although Bhumibol is sometimes referred to as King Rama IX in English, Thais refer to him as Nai Luang or Phra Chao Yu Hua (ในหลวง or พระเจ้าอยู่หัว: both mean “the King” or “Lord Upon our Heads”). He is also called Chao Chiwit (“Lord of Life”). Formally, he would be referred to as Phrabat Somdet Phra Chao Yu Hua (พระบาทสมเด็จพระเจ้าอยู่หัว) or, in legal documents, Phrabat Somdet Phra Paraminthara Maha Bhumibol Adulyadej (พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรมินทรมหาภูมิพลอดุลยเดช), and in English as His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej. He signs his name as ภูมิพลอดุลยเดช ป.ร. (Bhumibol Adulyadej Por Ror; this is the Thai equivalent of Bhumibol Adulyadej R[ex]).

- (Ref. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Border: thisthai.com)

Royal Ploughing Ceremony, May 13

royal_ploughing_ceremony_2013.jpg

Two sacred oxen, 'Fah' and 'Sai', are offered food during the Royal Ploughing Ceremony. They ate maize and grass which soothsayers predict will bring a good harvest, abundant food production and plentiful water.

ROYAL PLOUGHING CEREMONY 2013 : Seers predict good harvest Traditional soothsayers are predicting good harvests and plentiful water for the year ahead after the Royal Ploughing Ceremony at Sanam Luang yesterday. People scramble over barriers and rush to pick up sacred rice seeds strewn on the ground. The seeds are believed to bring good luck. His Royal Highness Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn presided over the ceremony, accompanied by Royal Consort HRH Princess Srirasm. Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra, government officials and a large crowd of onlookers, including many farmers, also attended. Permanent secretary for agriculture and cooperatives Chawalit Chukhachorn performed as Phraya Raek Na, or Lord of the Ploughing Ceremony. He led two sacred oxen, “Fah” and “Sai”, to plough a furrow in the ceremonial ground, located not far from the Grand Palace. Four women followed behind the oxen carrying gold and silver baskets filled with rice seeds, scattering the grain into the newly ploughed furrow. Walking alongside the plough were official Brahmans from the Royal Court who chanted and blew conch shells. The sacred oxen were offered seven bowls containing grass, paddy, maize, sesame seeds, soy beans, water and liquor. The oxen chose to eat maize and grass. The Brahman soothsayers interpreted this to signify a good harvest, abundant food and plentiful water for the year ahead. The Brahman priests offered the Phraya Raek Na three pieces of folded cloth, each of a different length. The one he selected proved to be four kuebs (about one metre) long. Based on his selection, water will be plentiful, while crops on higher ground will yield good harvests and those in low-lying areas will be slightly damaged.
(Resource bangkokpost.com http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/local/349819/seers-predict-good-harvest, PHOTOS BY CHANAT KATANYU)

The Royal Ploughing Ceremony was probably in the old times, the rite designed to remind the farmers and to give an auspicious beginning to the new planting season especially the rice farming that is the major source of food. The leader or the rulers of the country preside over the ceremony when the planting seasons begin. to remind the farmers and to give an auspicious beginning to the new planting season especially the rice farming that is the major source of food. The leader or the rulers of the country preside over the ceremony when the planting seasons begin.

After some times passed, the Brahmanic rite called Ploughing ceremony was then introduced. Its purpose is to encourage the power and happiness. Bhraman were instructors for the ceremony. The king or the leader of the country may designate this duty to a respective high-ranking officer to perform the ceremony as Phraya Raekna, Lord of the Ploughing Ceremony. The roles of the queen or wives who had to help ploughing are designated to four celestial maidens, called the queen of sowing ceremony, assisting Phraya Raekna by carrying seeds containers and distribute the seeds after Phraya Raekna had ploughed the ground. The Royal Ploughing Ceremony has been annually performed for thousands of years in several countries such as China and India.

In Thailand, this ceremony has been performed since Sukhothai was the capital. It had been continued in Ayuthaya and Ratanakhosindhu (Bangkok) period. The Royal Ploughing ceremony performed during the reign of King Rama I, II, and III was purely the Bhramanic rite as it had been in Ayutthaya period i.e. there was no Buddhist monk participated in the ceremony.

- (Resource and Picture http://www.thaifolk.com/doc/ploughing_e.htm, Border: thisthai.com)

Visakha Puja Day, May 24


Historical Background Visakha Puja Day marks the three important incidents in the life of Lord Buddha on the same day - the full moon of the sixth lunar month. The three significant separate event are :



1. The Buddha's Birth - the Buddha was born into a royal warrior clan in the Lumbini Garden (in an area of Northern India known today as Nepal) In the morning of the Vesak full moon day, 80 years before the Buddhist Era. He was named Siddhattha five days after his birth.



2. The Enlightenment of Buddha - While sitting under the Bodhi tree, he found his answer and attained the enlightenment at the age of 35 years at Uruvelasenanigama subdistrict, Magadha state, (nowadays, located in the area of Buddha Kaya, Bihar State, India), on Wednesday, the Vesak full moon day, the zodiac of the cock, forty five years before the Buddhist Era.



3. The Nibbana - The Buddha passed away on Tuesday, the Vesak full moon day in the zodiac year of the small snake under the two Sala trees in the Sala Grove of the Mallas in Kusinara, the capital of the Malla state, (nowadays located in Kusinagara of Uttrarapradesa, India) at the age of eighty years (around 2547 years ago)

Visakha Puja (Vesak) means the worship of the Buddha on the full moon day of the sixth lunar month. It usually falls in May. In the case of a year with an extra eighth lunar month–Adhikamasa (there are 13 full moons in that year)– the Visakha Puja Day falls on the full moon day of the seventh lunar month.




Significance Visakha Puja Day is recognized as most important memorial day in Buddhism for the Lord Buddha who wandered from place to place teaching his discoveries to people who are accessible to the instruction, helping large a number of people achieving various levels of spiritual attainment. He sent his followers to spread Buddhism in capitals, cities and upcountry, until Buddhism was firmly established and widely spread. Visakha Puja day is also recognized by the UNESCO in 1999 as “World Heritage Day”. Thailand where is the permanent location of the World Fellowship of Buddhists, is chosen to host celebrating event for the day.

An International Day of the United Nations On December 13, 1999, the United Nations as the World Organization performing various activities accepted by the world wide population has unanimously resolved to declare the Visakha Puja Day (Vesak Day) as an International Day on December 15, 1999. This brings a lot of joy to the worldwide Buddhists.

Custom of Visakha Puja Day Rite Every year when this important day comes around again, all Buddhists throughout the world gather together to perform the worship to recollect the wisdom, purity and compassion of the Buddha. Activities generally to be observed on the Visakha Puja Day are :

  • TUM BOON Going to temples for special observances, making merit, listening to Dharma preaching, giving some donations and join in the other Buddhist activities.

  • RUB SIL Keeping the Five Precepts, including abstinence from alcoholic drinks and all kinds of immoral acts.

  • TUK BARD Offering food to the monks and novices (in the alm bowl).
    Practice of renuciation: Observe the Eight Precepts, practice of meditation and mental displine, stay in the temple, wearing white robes, for a number of days.

  • VIEN TIEN Attending the Candle Light Procession around the Uposatha Hall, in the evening of the Vesak full moon day.

- (Resource & Picture http://www2.tat.or.th/visakhapuja/eng/about.html, templenews.org/2012/05/07/2556-visakha-puja-buddha-day, Border: thisthai.com)

April, 2013

Chakri Memorial Day, April 6




Prior to the establishment of Chakri Dynasty (the current royal lineage), the Kingdom of Siam (former name of Thailand) was in turmoil. Aggressive Burmese troops occupied the Northern Kingdom of Lan Na and were proceeding down south to the Siamese Royal Capital of Ayutthaya. A young man of noble Ayutthaya descent named Thong Duang (born in 1737) commanded the bitter fights in the Northern war. Despite the efforts to fight back, they were gradually forced to fall back until the Burmese had gotten a grip on the Royal Capital. Ayutthaya fell on April 8th, 1767 and the Siamese people fled to the city of Thonburi located further downriver on the mighty Chaophraya River. The beautiful city of Ayutthaya was destroyed by the Burmese, temples plundered, gold and jewelry looted, monks and women were cruelly effected. But the Burmese had suffered heavily in the taking of Ayutthaya and knew the Siamese would return to take up battle. Knowing they could not hold Ayutthaya, the Burmese retreated after only one week. War campaigns continued over the years, ebbing and flowing, until the Siamese armies united during 1779 in Thonburi. Thong Duang now known as Chakri became the military commander. He realized that the Royal Court of King Taaksin was in such disharmony because the King, weary of wars, had resorted to religion rather than addressed the needs of his subjects. The lack of leadership caused rebellions to break out. Rebels marched on Thonburi, calling for the overthrow and replacement of King Taaksin with their beloved “Chakri.” As a result Chaophraya Chakri took the title “King Ramathibodi” and reigned as King Rama I from April 6 1782 until 1809.

As an experienced military campaigner, King Rama I of the Chakri Dynasty knew that the city of Thonburi was vulnerable to possible Burmese attack from the west. Accordingly, he commanded that a new Capital be established across Chaophraya River. And so Krung - Thep (Bangkok) was created.

Chakri Day commemorates the founding of the Chakri Dynasty in 1782 by King Rama I. In the new capital city of Bangkok, King Rama I built the Grand Palace that now houses the Emerald Buddha. In addition, he helped release Thailand from the Burmese control, after Ayutthaya succumbed 14 years earlier.

In commemorating “Chakri Day,” the national flag is proudly displayed by the people of Thailand and both government officials and members of the community participate in traditional ceremonies, making offerings of flowers and garlands at the many statues of Kings in the House of Chakri.

King Bhumibol Adulyadej is the current King, known as King Rama IX or the ninth King of the Chakri dynasty. A Royal ceremony is performed by the King to pay respects to King Rama I the Great, the founder of the Chakri Dynasty.

(Resources & Photo http://www.thaigoodview.com/node/7524 , http://www.thaicongenvancouver.org/Chakri-Day.htm)


Songkran Festival, April 13-15




Resource http://www.bangkok.com/information-festivals/songkran.htm
Traveller Link http://www.thaifest.org/en


Songkran is the occasion for family re-unions, temple visits and annual house cleaning. Many Thais observe the holidays by spending time with families and friends. Traditionally, Thais perform the Rod Nam Dum Hua ritual on the first day of Songkran, which is officially the National Elderly Day. During the ritual, young people would pour fragrant water into the elders’ palms as a gesture of humility and to ask for their blessings.

ASCII


The second day of Songkran is officially the National Family Day. Families would wake up early and give alms to the monks, then ideally the rest of the day would be spent sharing quality family time together. An important religious ritual on Songkran is ‘Bathing the Buddha image’, in which devout Buddhists pour fragrant water over Buddha statues both at the temple and at home. More religious Thais would engage themselves in Buddhist ceremonies and merit-making activities throughout the holidays.

Water as Symbolism Contradictory to what you may have witnessed throughout Songkran, fun-loving Thais don’t just throw water at each other for no good reason (besides having a kick out of seeing other people soaking wet). The real meaning behind the splashes is to symbolically wash off all misfortunes in the past year, thus welcoming the new year with a fresh new start.

Traditionally, Thais would politely pour a bowl of water on members of the family, their close friends and neighbours. As Songkran has taken a more festive note, a bowl becomes a bucket, garden hose and water guns, and the spirit of holiday merriment is shared amongst all town residents and tourists alike.

Making Merit Making merit is an essential part of Songkran, and visiting nine sacred temples during Songkran considered one of the ultimate accumulators.
Songkran Do’s and Don’ts

Do’s Don’ts
✔ Do give alms and make merit (or just witness the rituals if you are not a Buddhist)
✔ Do use waterproof bags to protect your valuables
✔ Do watch your belongings
✔ Do use public transportation if you are heading to one of Songkran ‘hotspots’, as traffic will be paralysed
✔ Do try wishing the locals a happy new year in Thai – “Sawasdee Pee Mai!”
✔ Do smile and have fun
✘ Do not douse monks, babies or the elderly
✘ Do not drive when you have been drinking
✘ Do not throw water with ice or dirty water
✘ Do not throw water at motorcyclists, to prevent road accidents


Memorial Day of King Naresuan The Great, April 25


Royal statue of King Naresuan at Naresuan university,
Phitsanulok province, Thailand


King Naresuan entered Hanthawadi (now Pegu),
mural painting by Phraya Anusatchitrakon,
Wat Suwandararam, Ayutthaya.


  • King Naresuan The Great, Somdet Phra Naresuan Maharat (Thai: สมเด็จพระนเรศวรมหาราช)
    was passed away on April 25 ,1605 (1555 – 1605).


Somdet Phra Naresuan Maharat or Somdet Phra Sanphet II (1555 – 1605) was the King of the Ayutthaya kingdom from 1590 until his death in 1605. Naresuan was one of Siam's most revered monarchs as he was known for his campaigns to free Siam from Burmese rule. During his reign numerous wars were fought against Burma, and Siam reached its greatest territorial extent and influence.

Prince Naret was born in the city of Phitsanulok. He was the son of King Maha Thammarachathirat of Phitsanulok and his queen Wisutkasat. His mother was a daughter of Maha Chakkrapat and Queen Sri Suriyothai. His father was a Sukhothai noble, who had defeated Vorawongsathirat in 1548 and put Maha Chakkrapat on the throne. He was therefore an influential figure.

Prince Naret was also known as the Black Prince (Thai: พระองค์ดำ), and his younger brother Ekathotsarot was known as the White Prince. It is a common belief that these nicknames was given later due to a good cop/bad cop image of Naresuan and his brother. That is to say, while King “Naresuan the Black” ruled with an iron-fist, his brother “Ekathotsarot the White” intercedes on the behalf of the people. General opinion, however, attributes the virtues of Ekathotsarot to Naresuan. Supporter of this theory claims that as a military king, Naresuan needs to be seen as a strict and severe leader, and therefore commissioned his brother to act out the role play. His elder sister Suphankanlaya was known as the Golden Princess, presumably due to her adherence to chivalric honor.

In 1563 Bayinnaung, the King of Pegu, led massive Burmese armies in an invasion of Siam. King Bayinnuang laid siege to Phitsanulok. Maha Thammarachathirat came to believe that the city would not be able to withstand a long siege, so he surrendered to the Burmese. King Bayinnuang took Phitsanulok and made the Kingdom of Sukhothai a Burmese tributary. MahaThammarachathirat had to send his sons – the Black and the White Prince – to Pegu as captives to ensure the king's fidelity.
(Resource & Photo From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naresuan)

Some historians raised doubts about just how fluent the king's Burmese had actually been. Others suggested he had picked up a taste for betel nut and tea in Ayutthaya, which, historian Thamrongsak Petchlert-anan was swift to point out, were popular in the Thai capital during the king's reign from 1590 to 1605. Naresuan learned military strategy and political science during his nine years as a captive at the Burmese court at Pegu, according to “A History of Burma” by Maung Htin Aung. According to Thai and Burmese accounts, Prince Naresuan was sent to live in Pegu in order to ensure his father Somdet Phra Maha Thammarachathirat remained loyal to Burmese King Bayinnaung. Prince Naresuan returned to Siam when he was 16 and immediately committed his life to non-stop warfare. Nineteen years later he became king and embarked on continuous military campaigns, dying at the age of 50. A study of King Naresuan's battles indicates that the warrior king looked at politics far beyond the Chao Phya River basin, Sunait said. “He didn't just defend Ayutthaya: he actively attacked Burma. The king carried war into the Irrawaddy basin in order to maintain the stability of Ayutthaya,” the historian said. King Naresuan launched an attack on Ava to prevent Burma's new king from becoming stronger than the preceding one, he added. King Naresuan may have believed that a stable Ayutthaya required a weakened Ava and launched his campaign to prevent his western rival from extending its power over the Irrawaddy and Chao Phya basins, Sunait said. Historians agree that King Naresuan died before he arrived at the Burmese capital, but they disagree on the location.

The “father of Thai history” has King Naresuan dying in Siam, in tambon Thung Kaew, then known as Muang Hang. This is the established view set out in “The Biography of King Naresuan the Great” written in 1950 by Prince Damrongrajanubhap. According to Prince Damrong, King Naresuan and his younger brother Somdet Phra Ekathotsarot led their troops from Ayutthaya to Muang Chiang Mai, where they collected another 200,000 soldiers. The king then divided the troops into two armies, assigning his brother to lead one to Muang Fang while he headed to Muang Hang. But while Thai historians say King Naresuan died at Muang Hang, the Shan people beg to differ. According to their popular history, King Naresuan died at the Shan town of Mongton while on his way to help Chao Kham Kai Noi, the Prince of Hsenwi, resist the Burmese. Naresuan is still remembered by the Shan as the Thai king who helped them win independence for the Shan State in 1600 with his ally the Prince of Hsenwi. In the Shan version, their independence hinges on a deep friendship. The two Siamese princes and the Prince of Hsenwi forged a close bond while they were fellow hostages at the Burmese court, and King Naresuan died while rushing to the aid of a friend of his youth, they say. The Thai chronicles are less appealing. They have the warrior king dying of a sudden illness, a toxic disease characterised by skin pustules. According to the Shan, however, the Thai king and the Shan prince died side by side on the battlefield. Many Shan believe King Naresuan was cremated and his ashes interred in a stupa in Mongton, in the southern part of the Shan State. Shan soldiers still revere the Thai king as a hero who helped liberate them. Many wear King Naresuan amulets to protect them in their ongoing war with the Burmese junta. Recent Thai scholarship, however, identifies the town where King Naresuan died as Wieng Haeng in Chiang Mai. Villagers there even claim the “Royal Ceremonial Felt Hat” believed to have been worn by the king into battle was found in Wieng Haeng and has been kept there as historical evidence.
(Resource Warrior king remains a very modern mystery http://www.nationmultimedia.com/2006/04/30/headlines/headlines_30002880.php)

March, 2013

CGI published papers in international journals

  • CGI published papers in international journals and cited in ISI Web of Science, and Scopus databases.
    • Since 2007, CGI publications have been accepted to publish in international journals with Impact Factor higher than 2.
      The journals covered the Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, Phytochemistry, Tetrahedron, European Journal of Organic Chemistry,
      International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy,
      Chemistry- A European Journal, Infection and Immunity, Proteomics, Food Chemistry.


CGI research programs were conducted in cooperation with CRI - Chulabhorn Research Institute.
Publications were traced, and summarized as follows:

- 2011 result searched in 2012 showed 17 articles in journals with Impact Factor higher than 2 and reference cited 9 times.
- 2010 result searched in 2011 showed 28 articles in journals with Impact Factor higher than 2 and reference cited 54 times.
- 2009 result searched in 2010 showed 21 articles in journals with Impact Factor higher than 2 and reference cited 30 times.
- 2008 result searched in 2009 showed 15 articles in journals with Impact Factor higher than 2 and reference cited 40 times.
- 2007 result searched in 2008 showed 14 articles in journals with Impact Factor higher than 3 and reference cited 41 times.

More detail of information on individual research programs is available from CGI website. http://www.cgi.ac.th/about/achievement/publications (Information as of March 1st, 2013)

Impact Factor

Impact Factor The impact factor (IF) of an academic journal is a measure reflecting the average number of citations to recent articles published in the journal. It is frequently used as a proxy for the relative importance of a journal within its field, with journals with higher impact factors deemed to be more important than those with lower ones. The impact factor was devised by Eugene Garfield, the founder of the Institute for Scientific Information. Impact factors are calculated yearly for those journals that are indexed in the Journal Citation Reports.
(Ref. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Impact_factor)

Journal Impact Factors Journal Impact Factor is from Journal Citation Report (JCR), a product of Thomson ISI (Institute for Scientific Information). JCR provides quantitative tools for evaluating journals. The impact factor is one of these; it is a measure of the frequency with which the “average article” in a journal has been cited in a given period of time.
The impact factor for a journal is calculated based on a three-year period, and can be considered to be the average number of times published papers are cited up to two years after publication. For example, the impact factor 2013 for a journal would be calculated as follows:
A = the number of times articles published in 2011-2012 were cited in indexed journals during 2013
B = the number of articles, reviews, proceedings or notes published in 2011-2012
impact factor 2013 = A/B

(note that the impact factor 2012 will be ublished in 2013, because it could not be calculated until all of the 2012 publications had been received. Impact factor 2013 will be published in 2014) Impact factor of Nature, Science and Cell journals can be found on their journal websites.
(Ref. http://www.sciencegateway.org/impact/)


New CGI Reference Databases, 2013

Emerald Management New Reference Databases in 2013.



- Emerald Group Publishing Limited is a leading independent publisher of global research with impact in business, society, public policy and education. With over 40 years’ experience, Emerald manages a portfolio of over 280 journals, more than 2,000 books and book series volumes, as well as an extensive range of online products and services at Emerald Management
For more Reference Databases please go to Reference Databases / Trial Databases / Free Databases / Printed Journals / Thai Journals

- ตามที่ สำนักงานบริหารเทคโนโลยีสารสนเทศเพื่อพัฒนาการศึกษา สำนักงานคณะกรรมการการอุดมศึกษาได้แจ้งว่า ฐานข้อมูล Emerald Management ซึ่งเป็นฐานข้อมูลที่ครอบคลุมสาขาวิชาทางด้านการจัดการ สามารถเข้าใช้บริการสืบค้นข้อมูลได้ถึงวันที่ 31 ธันวาคม 2555 นั้น ในการนี้ศูนย์การเรียนรู้ฯ ใคร่ขอแจ้งให้ทราบว่า ขณะนี้ สำนักงานฯ ได้ดำเนินการต่ออายุการใช้บริการ ฐานข้อมูล Emerald Management แล้ว โดยสามารถเข้าใช้งานได้ตั้งแต่วันที่ 1 มีนาคม 2556 ถึงวันที่ 31 ธันวาคม 2556
สืบค้นได้ที่ Emerald Management
สำหรับฐานข้อมูลอื่น ๆ Reference Databases / Trial Databases / Free Databases / Printed Journals / Thai Journals



February, 2013

OPAC searching for library books & Single search service

CGI Learning Center http://www.cgi.ac.th/library provides you to try our new services…easy to use and easy to search!


- OPAC searching for library books
CGI Learning Center serves as the information and knowledge assets of the CGI&CRI which forms the core element in utilizing science and technology to improve “Quality of Life”. To search CGI Learning Center resources, just type in a few words into the Quick search box and click at OK or go to http://www.cgi.ac.th/library/services/book_catalog is also available for CRI library too.
- Single search service
EDS provides a fast, streamlined search through a single search box, but within the context of a greater experience that pulls together intuitive features and functionality, high-end indexing via Platform Blending, and instant access to critical full text, leveraged from the leading EBSCOhost research platform and databases, as well as from key information providers. And as EDS continues to evolve, the end goal remains the same—helping users to find and access the highest-quality content for the best-possible research experience.
แจ้งเปิดให้เข้าทดลองใข้งานระบบสืบค้น EBSCO Discovery Service (EDS)
ขอเชิญทุกท่านทดลองใช้ระบบสืบค้น EBSCO Discovery Service (EDS) ซึ่งเป็นนวัตกรรมที่ใช้ในการจัดการและการสืบค้นฐานข้อมูล อาทิเช่น ฐานข้อมูล Proquest Dissertation ฐานข้อมูล ISI Web of Science ทั้งนี้ยังรวมถึงฐานข้อมูล EBSCO eBooks (NetLibrary) ผ่านช่องทางการสืบค้นเดียว (Single Search) โดยท่านสามารถเข้าใช้งานผ่านทาง URL : http://search.ebscohost.com และเลือก Ebsco Discovery Service ได้ตั้งแต่บัดนี้จนถึงวันที่ 30 มิถุนายน 2556 หรือเข้าทดลองใข้งานระบบสืบค้นผ่านช่องทางการสืบค้นเดียว (Single Search) ที่ http://www.cgi.ac.th/library and http://www.cgi.ac.th/library/services/ref_db

Get to Know ASEAN - "One Vision, One Identity, One Community"

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations, or ASEAN was established on 8 August 1967 in Bangkok, Thailand, with the signing of the ASEAN Declaration (Bangkok Declaration) by the Founding Fathers of ASEAN, namely Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. Brunei Darussalam then joined on 7 January 1984, Viet Nam on 28 July 1995, Lao PDR and Myanmar on 23 July 1997, and Cambodia on 30 April 1999, making up what is today the ten Member States of ASEAN. The ASEAN Community is comprised of three pillars, the ASEAN Political-Security Community, ASEAN Economic Community and ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community.
Ref: http://www.asean.org/asean/about-asean/overview, Britannica Encyclopedia Online, Wikipedia the Free Encyclopedia.



ASEAN Member States
1. Brunei Darussalam
2. Cambodia
3. Indonesia
4. Lao PDR
5. Malaysia
6. Myanmar
7. Philippines
8. Singapore
9. Thailand
10. Viet Nam
(Credit Photo Hello Asean)

ASEAN Political - Security Community To build on what has been constructed over the years in the field of political and security cooperation, the ASEAN Leaders have agreed to establish the ASEAN Political-Security Community (APSC). The APSC shall aim to ensure that countries in the region live at peace with one another and with the world in a just, democratic and harmonious environment.
The members of the Community pledge to rely exclusively on peaceful processes in the settlement of intra-regional differences and regard their security as fundamentally linked to one another and bound by geographic location, common vision and objectives. It has the following components: political development; shaping and sharing of norms; conflict prevention; conflict resolution; post-conflict peace building; and implementing mechanisms.
The APSC Blueprint envisages ASEAN to be a rules-based Community of shared values and norms; a cohesive, peaceful, stable and resilient region with shared responsibility for comprehensive security; as well as a dynamic and outward-looking region in an increasingly integrated and interdependent world. The APSC Blueprint is guided by the ASEAN Charter and the principles and purposes contained therein. It provides a roadmap and timetable to establish the APSC by 2015. It also leaves room for flexibility to continue programmes/activities beyond 2015 in order to retain its significance and have an enduring quality.
Ref. http://www.asean.org/communities/asean-political-security-community

ASEAN Economic Community The ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) shall be the goal of regional economic integration by 2015. AEC envisages the following key characteristics: (a) a single market and production base, (b) a highly competitive economic region, © a region of equitable economic development, and (d) a region fully integrated into the global economy.
The AEC areas of cooperation include human resources development and capacity building; recognition of professional qualifications; closer consultation on macroeconomic and financial policies; trade financing measures; enhanced infrastructure and communications connectivity; development of electronic transactions through e-ASEAN; integrating industries across the region to promote regional sourcing; and enhancing private sector involvement for the building of the AEC. In short, the AEC will transform ASEAN into a region with free movement of goods, services, investment, skilled labour, and freer flow of capital.
ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) Blueprint The ASEAN Leaders adopted the ASEAN Economic Blueprint at the 13th ASEAN Summit on 20 November 2007 in Singapore to serve as a coherent master plan guiding the establishment of the ASEAN Economic Community 2015.
Ref. http://www.asean.org/communities/asean-economic-community




ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community
- ASEAN Socio - Cultural
The ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community aims to contribute to realising an ASEAN Community that is people-oriented and socially responsible with a view to achieving enduring solidarity and unity among the peoples and Member States of ASEAN. It seeks to forge a common identity and build a caring and sharing society which is inclusive and where the well-being, livelihood, and welfare of the peoples are enhanced.
ASCC is focused on nurturing the human, cultural and natural resources for sustained development in a harmonious and people-oriented ASEAN.
- ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community (ASCC) Blueprint
The ASCC Blueprint represents the human dimension of ASEAN cooperation and upholds ASEAN commitment to address the region's aspiration to lift the quality of life of its peoples. The goals of the ASCC are envisaged to be achieved by implementing concrete and productive actions that are people-centred and socially responsible. This set of cooperative activities has been developed based on the assumption that the three pillars of the ASEAN Community are interdependent and interrelated and that linkages are imperative to ensure complementarity and unity of purpose. The ASCC Blueprint was adopted by the ASEAN Leaders at the 14th ASEAN Summit on 1 March 2009 in Cha-am/Hua Hin, Thailand.
Ref. http://www.asean.org/communities/asean-socio-cultural-community


14 Feb,2013 Valentine’s Day activity



Valentine’s Day activity with CGI Learning Center Fanpage!
“How to say “I LOVE YOU” in our Asean country language?”
1. Brunei Darussalam
2. Cambodia
3. Indonesia
4. Lao PDR
5. Malaysia
6. Myanmar
7. Philippines
8. Singapore
9. Thailand
10. Viet Nam

Valentine’s Day activity with CGI Learning Center
Thank you for joining our activity :)



January 2013

Happy Teachers’ Day - January 16


“ปาเจราจริยา โหนฺติ คุณุตฺตรานุสาสกา ปฺญญาวุฑฺฒิกเรเตเต ทินฺโนวาเท นมามิหํ”
“I bow my head in reverence of another great value, which is that of the guru and aacariya or the teachers who impart valuable lessons of right and wrong to their pupils with great kindness, who expound and impart their knowledge to the pupils, helping them comprehend the lessons by means of explanation and delineation. Always in the mind of a teacher is the constant and unshakable wish for the students’ happiness and freedom from harm. A teacher is one who strives to cultivate the minds of his or her students, to help them overcome the dark veil of ignorance and doubtfulness and illuminate their minds. The virtue of the teacher is revered as one of the most exalted virtues in the Three Realms (heaven, earth, and underworld). We should, therefore, bear in mind the great value of a teacher with respect and reverence at all time.”

บทสวดเคารพคุณ ครูอาจารย์ (Song in Praise of Guru and Aacariya)


Paraphrased from “Kunanukun Tri Pak (คุณานุคุณไตรภาค)“

Published for the occasion of Her Royal Highness Princess Petcharajrajsuda Sirisobhapanwadi 84th Birthday Anniversary in 2009,
by the Office of National Education Council. The publication is available from CGI Learning Center.

- Call no. BQ5631 ธ129ค 2552

- E-Book



December 2012

Her Majesty Queen Sri Savarindira, the Queen Grandmother of Thailand


150 YEARS ANNIVERSARY OF A PERSONALITY
The Queen Savang Vadhana


"Money can be stolen by thieves, but your knowledge can never be stolen by anyone."
A statement by the Queen Grandmother, The Queen Savang Vadhana.


Her Majesty Queen Savang Vadhana


  • Biography


Her Majesty Queen Sri Savarindira―Grandmother of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej, the present king of Thailand, a daughter of His Majesty King Mongkut (Rama IV), and Queen of His Majesty King Chulalongkorn (Rama V)―was born Her Royal Highness Princess Savang Vadhana on 10 September 1862. Her Majesty had four sons and four daughters, but six of them passed away at an early age. One of Her Majesty’s offspring who survived to manhood was His Royal Highness Prince Mahidol of Songkla who was the father of His Majesty King Ananda Mahidol (Rama VIII) and His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX).

It was however the time of change from the old to the modern world. Her Majesty inherited from King Mongkut the appreciation of western knowledge. The close relationship with her father which allowed her to accompany him on his visits outside the wall of the Grand Palace since she was young widened her vision of the real needs of the people: education, which would lead to more income-generating activities, health-care along with western medical practice, to name only a few.

Due to her compassionate nature, Her Majesty was first and foremost a humanist and philanthropist, with a belief that religion, in her case, Buddhism, was a firm basis for the human way of life. Of the utmost importance in Her Majesty’s education was Buddhist Studies and the profound understanding of Buddhist philosophy gave her the strength to get through the great grief of her life, the loss of six children within the period of twenty years, and to turn to dedicate herself to philanthropic works in Education, Applied Science, Culture, and Social and Human Sciences, all through her long life until She passed away on 17 December 1955 at the age of ninety-three at Srapathum Palace.


The royal cremation was held at the Pramane Ground, Sanam Luang, on 22 April 1956.


  • The Royal Cremation


- Throughout her long life, the Queen Grandmother grieved for the loss of many people she loved fondly. Her royal children mostly died at a young age. His Royal Highness Prince Isariyalongkorn died in 1879. Her Royal Highness Princess Vichitra Chiraprabha died in 1881. An unnamed princess died just 3 days after her birth in 1893. And, His Royal Highness Crown Prince Maha Vajirunhis died suddenly in 1894, at the age of 17. Wounded by these losses, Her Majesty’s health suffered. Even as she began to recover, however, Her Royal Highness Princess Sirabhorn Sobhon and His Royal Highness Prince Sommatiwongse Varodaya, Prince of Sri Dharmaraj, died in 1898 and 1899, respectively.

- Her final royal duty was to perform the marriage ceremony between His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej, King Rama IX, and Her Majesty Queen Sirikit on 28 April 1950 at Phra Tamnak Yai, Srapathum Palace. The Queen Grandmother passed away on 17 December 1955 at Srapathum Palace at the age of 93. The royal cremation was held at the Pramane Ground, Sanam Luang, on 22 April 1956.


From the 1st - 7th Princess Chulabhorn International Science Congresses

  • The 7th Princess Chulabhorn International Science Congress, Cancer: from Basic Research to Cure (Program and Abstracts)and the Princess Congresses Proceedings from the 1st - 6th are serviced at CGI Learning Center.


- The 7th Princess Chulabhorn International Science Congress, Cancer: from Basic Research to Cure (Program and Abstracts).

- The Princess Congresses Proceedings from the 1st - 6th.


Table of Content are provided by CRI Library →


Constitution of Thailand December 10th, 2012

The Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand


Bangkok's Democracy Monument: a representation of the 1932 Constitution sits on top of two golden offering bowls above a turret.

The Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand (Thai: รัฐธรรมนูญแห่งราชอาณาจักรไทย; RTGS: Rattha Thammanun Haeng Ratcha Anachak Thai) is supposed to be the supreme law of Thailand. Yet since a forced change from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional democracy in 1932, Thailand has had seventeen charters and constitutions, many installed following a military coups, which reflects a high degree of political instability. After each successful coup military regimes abrogated existing constitutions and promulgated new ones, often with new provisions inserted that favor the military regime and its supporters.[citation needed]

All of Thailand's charters and constitutions have allowed a constitutional monarchy, but with widely differing balances of power between the branches of government. Most of them have stipulated parliamentary systems. However, several of them also called for dictatorships, e.g., the 1957 Charter. Both unicameral and bicameral parliaments have been used, and members of parliament have been both elected and appointed. The direct powers of the monarch have also varied considerably.

Thailand's current constitution was promulgated in 2007, replacing an interim constitution promulgated in 2006 after the army-led September 2006 Thailand coup. The 2007 Constitution was written by a junta-appointed group of drafters, but was approved by a public referendum. Prior to the referendum, the junta passed a law making it illegal to publicly criticize the draft. Controversial features in the constitution included a partly appointed Senate and amnesty for the leaders of the 2006 coup.

The 1997 Constitution, often called the “People's Constitution,” was considered a landmark in terms of the degree of public participation involved in its drafting as well as the democratic nature of its articles. It stipulated a bicameral legislature, both houses of which were elected. Many human rights were explicitly acknowledged for the first time, and measures were established to increase the stability of elected governments.



Long Live The King, HIS MAJESTY KING BHUMIBOL ADULYADEJ December 5th, 2012


บทอาศิรวาท พระบาทสมเด็จพระเจ้าอยู่หัว "เฉลิมพระชนมพรรษา ๘๕ พรรษา"

พุทธศักราช ๒๕๕๕


On the 5th December of every year is an important day for Thai nation to celebrate the birthday of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej, the world’s longest reigning monarch. This year, it marks his 85th birthday. His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej, or King Rama IX, was born in 5 December 1927 in Cambridge, ascended the throne on 9 June 1946. The King is more than an icon in the heart of Thai nation through his combination of dedication to the well-being and development of his people as well as a good understanding and awareness of political and social issues.
His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej’s birthday is a national holiday and is celebrated all over the country with great enthusiasm. Buildings and homes on this day are vividly decorated with flag, lights, flowers, portrait’s of Majesty which are predominantly in the color yellow or gold. It’s wonderful to see Thai nation showing the love, respect, homage and joy to his honor Majesty.
Ref. http://www.scubacat.com/en/blog/dives/celebrate-the-king-of-thailands-birthday-with-scuba-cat/


  • Biography of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej




- HIS MAJESTY KING BHUMIBOL ADULYADEJ of Thailand was born in Cambridge Massachusetts, The United States of America, on Monday the 5th of December 1927, being the third and youngest child of Their Royal Highnesses Prince and Princess Mahidol of Songkhla.

- Even the facts of his birth seem to be significant in several ways. He is the first of all the direct grandson of His Late Majesty King Chulalongkorn or Rama V who was renowned for the great reforms which he made to all institutions of Thailand to bring them up to date and in line with the rest of the Western-orientated world. Prince Mahidol himself was perhaps one of the most modern-minded of all the sons of King Chulalongkorn and his life was dedicated to the development of many modern ideas particularly in the field of Medical Science so that he is now known as the Father of the Modern Thai Medical Profession.

- The significant name of Bhumibol Adulyadej, meaning Strength of the Land Incomparable Power which becomes prophetic as his Reign advances through various critical periods and the Thai nation evolves more and more around the Throne as the sole sources of unity and strength.

- As His Majesty reaches his eighty-fifth birthday this day, 05 December 2012, the Thai Nation celebrates again, in a thousand different ways, with every person from the youngest to the oldest renewing the pledge of loyalty and devotion to the beloved King who, during this year also celebrated his sixty-second year of marriage to Queen Sirikit too.

- His Majesty met and became engaged on the 19th of July 1949 to Mom Rajawongse Sirikit, daughter of His Highness Prince Chandaburi Suranath (Mom Chao Nakkhatra Mangala Kitiyakara) and Mom Luang Bua Kitiyakara (nee Mom Luang Bua Snidwongse). His Highness Prince Chandaburi Suranath was the third son of His Royal Highness Prince Chandaburi Narunath and Her Serene Highness Princess Absarasman Kitiyakara and Their Majesties have four children namely:
1. The Former Her Royal Highness Princess Ubol Ratana
2. His Royal Highness Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn
3. Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn
4. Her Royal Highness Princess Chulabhorn
Ref. http://kanchanapisek.or.th/biography/hmk.en.html/

In his Coronation Oath, promulgated on the fifth of May 1950, the newly-crowned Rama the Ninth vowed that, “We will reign with righteousness for the benefit and happiness of the Siamese people” and, in the six decades which have passed since that auspicious day, the concept of “righteousness” has dominated his reign.
Ref. http://www.scubacat.com/en/blog/dives/celebrate-the-king-of-thailands-birthday-with-scuba-cat/


The King of Swing, H.M. King Bhumibol Adulyadej, Benny Goodman and friends at an impromptu jazz session, Manhattan 1960.

  • Musical Tributes

- One of the most pervasive has been in the form of Musical Tributes, not surprisingly, as His Majesty is an acknowledged composer of classical music and an exceptionally-talented jazz aficionado.

- HM the King is also well-known as a songwriter who has more than 40 published songs to his credit. Kwarm Fun Un Soong Sood, a symphonically-conceived piece, was written in 1971 and has since become one of HM’s most popular and loved compositions.
Ref. http://www.pattayamail.com/features/happy-birthday-hm-king-bhumibol-adulyadej-the-great-the-world-s-longest-reigning-monarch-18690


- The Musical Compositions of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej from the Golden Jubilee Network.
Ref. http://kanchanapisek.or.th/royal-music/index.en.html


His Majesty the King and HM Queen Sirikit wave to the crowd during ceremonies Friday, June 9, 2006, in Bangkok. (AP PHOTO)


  • HM the King - the World’s Longest Reigning Monarch

- It was six years ago, In 2006, on the occasion of the 60th anniversary of his accession to the Thai Throne, HM the King and Queen presided over splendid festivities as representatives of 25 royal houses from Europe, Africa, the Middle East and Asia had come to Bangkok to honour His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej the Great.
Ref. http://www.pattayamail.com/features/happy-birthday-hm-king-bhumibol-adulyadej-the-great-the-world-s-longest-reigning-monarch-18690/


His Majesty’s insightful approach to local prevailing conditions.


  • Development for the People

- In all these works, His Majesty has promoted a simple approach using environmentally friendly techniques and utilizing moderate amounts of locally available resources. For example, before environmentalism became a major force in the development equation, His Majesty was using vetiver grass to prevent erosion, controlling ground water level to reduce soil acidity, and seeding clouds with simple materials such as dry ice, to produce rain.
Ref. http://www.pattayamail.com/features/happy-birthday-hm-king-bhumibol-adulyadej-the-great-the-world-s-longest-reigning-monarch-18690/


“We cannot impose our ideas on the people - only suggest. We must meet them, ascertain their needs and then propose what can be done to meet their expectations,” HM the King pointed out recently.


  • A Simple approach

- The King’s philosophy to development problems has been to “keep it simple” relying on an intimate knowledge of Nature and her immutable law, such as using fresh water to flush out polluted water or dilute it through utilization of normal tidal fluctuations. The ubiquitous water hyacinth too can be ‘harnessed’ to absorb pollutants.

- The results of any development, the King asserts, must reach the people directly as a means of overcoming immediate problems, translating into “enough to live, enough to eat”, while looking at a longer-term result of “living well and eating well.”
Ref. http://www.pattayamail.com/features/happy-birthday-hm-king-bhumibol-adulyadej-the-great-the-world-s-longest-reigning-monarch-18690/


H.M. King Bhumibol Adulyadej’s coronation, 5 May 1950.


  • Epilogue

- Thus, through the illustrious decades of his rule, HM the King has been the very embodiment of his Oath of Accession that, “We will reign with Righteousness for the Benefit and Happiness of the Siamese People.”

- The world’s longest-reigning Monarch, this week celebrating his eighty-fifth birthday, continues to be, as he has been for the half-century of his just reign, “the light of his land, the pride of his people and a shining example to all peoples of a troubled world.”
Ref. http://www.pattayamail.com/features/happy-birthday-hm-king-bhumibol-adulyadej-the-great-the-world-s-longest-reigning-monarch-18690/


“Butsarana flower” for the Father's Day. ดอกไม้สัญลักษณ์ตัวแทนของวันพ่อ

  • Butsarana flower

- Father's Day is set as the birthday of the King. December 5 is the birthday of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX). Traditionally, Thais celebrate by giving their father with Butsarana flower (ดอกพุทธรักษา/Dok Buddha Ruksa), which is considered a masculine flower and Thai people will wear yellow on this day to show respect for the King, because yellow is the color of the day for Monday, the day Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej was born.

- ดอกพุทธรักษาสีเหลือง เป็นดอกไม้สัญลักษณ์ตัวแทนของวันพ่อ ลูกๆจะนำดอกพุทธรักษานี้มอบให้พ่อในวันที่ 5 ธันวาคม ของทุกปี
คนไทยโบราณเชื่อว่า บ้านใดปลูกต้นพุทธรักษาไว้ประจำบ้านจะช่วยปกป้องคุ้มครอง ไม่ให้มีเหตุร้ายหรืออันตรายเกิดแก่บ้านและผู้อาศัย เพราะพุทธรักษาเป็นพรรณไม้ที่เชื่อกันว่ามีพระเจ้าคุ้มครองรักษาให้มีความสงบสุข คือเป็นไม้มงคลนามนั่นเอง หากบ้านใดมีต้นไม้ชนิดนี้ก็จะอยู่อย่างสงบสุข ไม่เดือดเนื้อร้อนใจ คนในครอบครัวรอดพ้นจากภัยและเรื่องราวร้ายๆที่ย่างกายเข้าม
Ref. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Father%27s_Day#Thailand
& Photo http://nuteemtacha.blogspot.com/





November 2012

The 7th Princess Chulabhorn International Science Congress November 29- December 3, 2012

Theme of the Conference - Cancer: from Basic Research to Cure. Cancer is a global issue that affects everyone, either directly or indirectly. It is now the leading cause of death
in both the developed and developing world. More people die from cancer than AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria combined, and the death toll is set to rise
dramatically over the coming decades. It has been predicted that over the next 10 years, as many as 84 million people will die of cancer and more than
70% of them will be in the developing world. There is therefore an urgent need for collaborating in research to combat this deadly disease.
Although there have been a number of exciting recent developments in cancer treatment, more work still needs to be done
in all areas of basic, translational and clinical research.
More information

From the 1st - 6th Princess Chulabhorn International Science Congresses

   

The Princess Congresses Proceedings from the 1st - 6th
are serviced at CGI Learning Center.

Princess Chulabhorn International Science Congress Program was initiated by Professor Dr. Her Royal Highness Princess Chulabhornto provide a forum for the exchange of the latest information and the most recent advances in research among the international scientific community. Under this program, international congresses on selected topics in science and technology are organized every 4 to 5 years.

Loy Krathong Festival November 28, 2012



The History of Loy Krathong Festival
Loy Krathong festival is a Thai tradition which has been conducted for a long time ago. Loy Krathong has been held since the middle of the eleventh to the middle of the twelfth lunar month, which is a great flood season- especially on the full moon night of the twelfth lunar month. When the moon shines at night, it makes rivers clear. It is very beautiful scenery which is suitable for floating Krathong. In the past, we called Loy Krathong as Chong Pa Rieng- floating lantern of royal ceremony. It is a Brahman festival to worship Gods- Siva, Vishnu, and Brahma. When Thai people adopted Buddhism, they adapted this ceremony to honor the Buddhas cremated bone- the original Buddha at the second heaven ruler. They floated lantern to worship the foot-print of the Buddha on Nammathanati River beach in India. Floating Krathong along the river was created by Nang Noppamas; the most favorite concubines Sukhothai king. She made Krathong as lotus-shaped. The king of Sukhothai floated it along the river. According to Sri Chula Lucks treatise, Phra Ruang (Sukhothai king) said From now on, on the full moon night of the twelfth lunar month, kings of Siam have to make floating lantern- like lotus-shaped- to worship the foot-print of the Buddha on Nammathanati River for ever after.


Interesting stories about Loy Krathong.
1. Loy Krathong is to ask for forgiveness Pra Mae Khongkha.
2. According to Brahma belief, Loy Krathong is to worship God.
3. Loy Krathong is to welcome Buddha when he came back to the world- he had stayed in the Buddhist temple during the rainy season at the second heaven ruler to teach his mother.
4. Loy Krathong is to worship foot-print of Buddha on the Nammathanati River beach.
5. Loy Krathong is to worship Chulamanee in the heaven where the Buddhas hair is buried.
6. Loy Krathong is to worship Bhakabhrama in heaven.
7. Loy Krathong is to worship Uppakutta-dhera who observed religious precept at the middle portion of the sea.


Loy Krathong activity at CGI Learning Center

CGI Learning Center show a Thai traditional culture of Loy Krathong Festival movies in Loy Krathong's Day.


  • Introduction Loy KraThong Festival in Thailand BY THAIPODS.com

  • Loy Krathong Festival

  • Loy Krathong Karaoke English

  • Loy Krathong Song (English Version)

  • Loy Krathong

  • ลอยกระทง Loy Kra Tong - November Full Moon shine


Picture by aktfaithn http://www.thaifairytail.com/forum/index.php?%2Fuser%2F61-aktfaithn%2F


King Vajiravudh Memorial Day - November 26

King Vajiravudh Memorial Day - November 26

king6.jpg

King Vajiravudh Rama VI was a son of King Chulalongkorn and became King on October 23, 2453.
The royal contribution and achievements were known in the initiatives
in modern political development as he introduced democracy to the country
as well as the royal initiation in technology and business investments as marked by modern industrial firms in Thailand.
The royal personal talent has been his deep knowledge in Thai and western literature.
His literary works are the royal plays, literature, poems and translations of Shakespeare's plays.
He started modernizing the higher education system
by establishing Chulalongkorn University as the first university in Thailand.
And King Vajiravudh was the only monarch whose royal temple was created as a school instead - which is Vajiravudh Academy.

พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรเมนทรมหาวชิราวุธฯ พระมงกุฎเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว เป็นพระมหากษัตริย์รัชกาลที่ 6 แห่งพระบรมราชจักรีวงศ์
เสด็จพระราชสมภพเมื่อ วันเสาร์ เดือนยี่ ขึ้น 2 ค่ำ ปีมะโรง ตรงกับวันที่ 1 มกราคม พ.ศ. 2423
เป็นพระราชโอรสพระองค์ที่ 29 ในพระบาทสมเด็จพระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว
เสวยราชสมบัติเมื่อวันเสาร์ที่ 23 ตุลาคม ปีจอ พุทธศักราช 2453
และเสด็จสวรรคตเมื่อวันที่ 26 พฤศจิกายน พ.ศ. 2468 รวมพระชนมพรรษา 45 พรรษา เสด็จดำรงราชสมบัติรวม 15 ปี พระบาทสมเด็จพระมงกุฎเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว ทรงพระราชอัจฉริยภาพและทรงบำเพ็ญพระราชกรณียกิจในหลายสาขา
ทั้งด้านการเมืองการปกครอง การทหาร การศึกษา การสาธารณสุข การต่างประเทศ และที่สำคัญที่สุดคือด้านวรรณกรรมและอักษรศาสตร์
ได้ทรงพระราชนิพนธ์บทร้อยแก้วและร้อยกรองไว้นับพันเรื่อง
กระทั่งทรงได้รับการถวายพระราชสมัญญาเมื่อเสด็จสวรรคตแล้วว่า “สมเด็จพระมหาธีราชเจ้า”
พระองค์เป็นพระมหากษัตริย์ใน พระราชวงศ์จักรีพระองค์แรกที่ไม่มีวัดประจำรัชกาล แต่ได้ทรงมีการการสถาปนาโรงเรียนมหาดเล็กหลวง หรือวชิราวุธวิทยาลัยในปัจจุบัน ขึ้นแทน
ด้วยทรงพระราชดำริว่าพระอารามนั้นมีมากแล้ว และการสร้างอารามในสมัยก่อนนั้นก็เพื่อบำรุงการศึกษาของเยาวชนของชาติ จึงทรงพระราชดำริให้สร้างโรงเรียนขึ้นแทน

Ref. wikipedia November 2011

Britannica Online User Seminar - อบรมการสืบค้นฐานข้อมูล Britannica Online

November 2, 2012 CGI Learning Center invites students, faculty members and CRI/CGI/CCC staff to Our November event
Friday November 2, 2012 13.00-16.30 p.m.
Topics: How to remote access CGI databases using VPN-Virtual Private Network,
and Britannica Online Product Preview and Demo.
Venue: CGI Building on 12th Floor

การใช้งานสารานุกรมบริทานิกาออนไลน์ : ปิดรับลงทะเบียน วันพฤหัสบดีที่ 1 พฤศจิกายน 2555 เวลา 16.00 น.

วันศุกร์ที่ 2 พฤศจิกายน 2555 เวลา 13.00 - 16.30 น.
ณ ชั้น 12 อาคารสถาบันบัณฑิตศึกษาจุฬาภรณ์
13.00 - 13.30 น. - Registration ลงทะเบียน/รับของว่าง
13.30 - 14.15 น. - using VPN-Virtual Private Network แนะนำการสืบค้นฐานข้อมูลของห้องสมุดจากภายนอกสถาบันฯ โดยผ่านระบบVPN(Virtual Private Network) โดย สำนักบริการคอมพิวเตอร์ สถาบันวิจัยจุฬาภรณ์
14.15 - 15.30 น. - Britannica Online Product Preview and Demo สาธิตและฝึกอบรมการใช้งานสารานุกรมบริทานิกาออนไลน์ โดย คุณธนิกา เจียรนัยไพศาล บริษัท เนชั่น อินเตอร์เนชั่นแนลเอ็ดดูเทนเมนท์ จำกัด(มหาชน)
15.30 - 16.30 น. - Q & A คำถามและข้อเสนอแนะ

Britannica Online User Seminar day

October 2012

Phra Piya Maharaj-the Great Beloved King




On October 23 of every year, the Thai nation celebrate the accomplishments of His Majesty King Chulalongkorn the Great.
Phra Bat Somdet Phra Poramintharamaha Chulalongkorn Phra Chunla Chom Klao Chao Yu Hua, or Rama V was the fifth monarch of the Royal Chakri Dynasty.
His Majesty was known as “Phra Phuttha Chao Luang” and “Phra Piya Maharaj-the Great Beloved King ”.
His Majesty King Chulalongkorn was born on September 20, 1853 and passed away on October 23, 1910.

More Royal biography in Thai from สารานุกรมไทยสำหรับเยาวชนในพระราชประสงค์ฯ เล่มที่ ๒ / เรื่องที่ ๗ มหาราชในประวัติศาสตร์ไทย / พระบาทสมเด็จพระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว พระปิยมหาราช



  • The Royal Equestrian Statue of King Chulalongkorn was finished in 1908 to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the king’s reign. It was cast in bronze by a Parisian metallurgist, and then placed on the marble. King Chulalongkorn had visited Europe two times in 1897 and 1907; the latter time was to cure his kidney disease. His last accomplishment was the establishment of a plumbing system in 1908. His Majesty passed away on 23 October 1910 of his kidney disease in Dusit Palace, and was succeeded by his son King Vajiravudh.



  • พระบรมรูปทรงม้า ประดิษฐาน ณ ลานหน้าพระที่นั่งอนันตสมาคม ในโอกาสที่จะทรงครองราชย์ครบ ๔๐ ปี ใน พ.ศ. ๒๔๕๑ สมเด็จพระบรมโอรสาธิราชสยามมกุฎราชกุมาร (พระบาทสมเด็จพระมงกุฎเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว) ทรงเป็นประธานจัดงานสมโภชโดยทรงเชิญชวนพระบรมวงศานุวงศ์ ข้าราชการและประชาชน ร่วมกันสร้างพระบรมราชานุสาวรีย์คือพระบรมรูปทรงม้า ซึ่งประดิษฐาน ณ ลานหน้า พระที่นั่งอนันตสมาคม กรุงเทพมหานคร ที่ฐานของพระบรมรูปทรงม้านี้มีแผ่นโลหะจารึกข้อความเทิดพระเกียรติ พร้อมทั้งถวายพระสมัญญาว่า “สมเด็จพระพุทธเจ้าหลวงปิยมหาราช”



His Royal Highness Prince Mahidol of Songkla the "Father of Thai Higher Education"


The Ministry of Education recently presented the title “Father of Tertiary Education” to His Royal Highness Prince Mahidol of Songkla, in commemoration of the 122nd year since HRH Prince Mahidol’s birthday on 1 January 2012. January 1 marks the birthday of His Royal Highness Prince Mahidol of Songkla, the father of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej. The Prince Father is recognized as “the Father of Higher Education” because of his great contributions to the improvement of higher education in Thailand.

Born in 1892 to King Chulalongkorn and Queen Savang Vadhana, Prince Mahidol of Songkla graduated in Medical Science from Harvard University in the United States. During the first period of his residence at Harvard, he negotiated and concluded, on behalf of the Thai government, an agreement with the Rockefeller Foundation for assistance to Thailand’s education. In his life, he had a yearning for knowledge and worked devotedly. Thus, the Prince Father set a good example of a learner and a teacher. His work played a crucial role in improving the education in Thailand to meet international standards. He not only initiated good governance for university administration, but he also graciously donated his personal money to support Thailand’s education. According to Ministry of Education, although Prince Mahidol of Songkla had been honored with several titles in the educational field, such as the Father of Modern Medicine, the Father of Public Health of Thailand, and UNESCO’s “outstanding personality”, the new title does not overlap them. All these formerly awarded titles are a result of tertiary education. Therefore, Prince Mahidol deserved the title of
“Father of Tertiary Education”.

The Prince Father passed away from a severe kidney disease at the young age of 37, on 24 September 1929.

Articles on Medicine and Public Health by HRH Prince Mahidol and more related e-books from Siriraj Medical Library

September 2012

150 th Royal Birthday Anniversary of Queen Savarindhira on 10 September 2012

Her Majesty Queen Savarindhira was given a name formerly as Queen Savang Vadhana, and in 2012 has been named by UNESCO from the outstanding achievements
in her initiatives, establishing Thailand's Women Education, Culture, Applied Science, and Social and Human Sciences.
Her majeesty is honored and recognized as one of the world's great personalities by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (Unesco)
Her Majesty Queen Sri Savarindira, the Queen Grandmother of Thailand was born on 10 September 1862 and passed away on 17 December 1955.

Reference: Royal Biography from Queen Savang Vadhana Foundation website

Queen Sirikit Museum of Textiles

August 2012

Royal Ceremonial Emblem (Queen's 80th Birthday Anniversary 12th August 2012)

Royal Ceremonial Emblem in Commemoration of the Celebrations on the Auspicious Occasion of
Her Majesty the Queen's 80th Birthday Anniversary 12th August 2012 (B.E. 2555)


ตราสัญลักษณ์งานเฉลิมพระเกียรติ สมเด็จพระนางเจ้าสิริกิติ์ พระบรมราชินีนาถ
เนื่องในโอกาสพระราชพิธีมหามงคลเฉลิมพระชนมพรรษา ๘๐ พรรษา
๑๒ สิงหาคม ๒๕๕๕


  • อักษรพระนามาภิไธย ส.ก. อยู่ภายในวงรี ด้านบนวงรีเป็นพระมหามงกุฎ ภายในพระมหามงกุฎเป็นพระแสงจักรและพระแสงตรีศูล มีเครื่องราชอิสริยาภรณ์โบราณมงคลพระมหาสังวาลนพรัตนราชวราภรณ์ล้อมรอบวงรี ขนาบข้างด้วยพระสัปตปฎลเศวตฉัตร ด้านล่างวงรีเป็นเลขไทย ๘๐ อยู่ในรูปทรงของเพชรด้านล่างเลขไทย ๘๐ เป็นผ้าแพรแถบอักษรข้อความ “พระราชพิธีมหามงคลเฉลิมพระชนมพรรษา ๘๐ พรรษา ๑๒ สิงหาคม ๒๕๕๕”
  • ในการพระราชพิธีบรมราชาภิเษก วันที่ ๕ พฤษภาคม ๒๔๙๓ พระบาทสมเด็จพระเจ้าอยู่หัว ทรงพระกรุณาโปรดเกล้า ฯ สถาปนาสมเด็จพระราชินี เป็นสมเด็จพระนางเจ้าสิริกิติ์ พระบรมราชินี แล้วพระราชทานเครื่องราชอิสริยาภรณ์ อันเป็นโบราณมงคลนพรัตนราชวราภรณ์


อ้างอิง : http://www.thaigov.go.th/


July 2012

Royal Ceremonial Emblem (Crown Prince’s Fifth- Cycle Birthday Anniversary)

Royal Ceremonial Emblem in Celebrations on the Auspicious Occasion of His Royal Highness
the Crown Prince’s Fifth- Cycle Birthday Anniversary


ตราสัญลักษณ์ พระราชพิธีมหามงคลเฉลิมพระชนมพรรษา ๕ รอบ
สมเด็จพระบรมโอรสาธิราช เจ้าฟ้ามหาวชิราลงกรณ์ สยามมกุฎราชกุมาร
๒๘ กรกฏาคม พุทธศักราช ๒๕๕๕


  • แบบตราสัญลักษณ์ ประกอบด้วย อักษรพระนามาภิไธย ม.ว.ก. อยู่ภายในวงรี แนวนอน ด้านบนเป็นพระอนุราชมงกุฎ สำหรับประกอบพระราชอิสริยยศ สมเด็จพระบรมโอรสาธิราช ฯ สยามมกุฎราชกุมาร พระอนุราชมงกุฎอยู่ด้านหน้าพระสัปตปฎลเศวตฉัตร ประกอบพระราชอิสริยยศ ด้านล่าง อักษรพระนามาภิไธย ม.ว.ก. เป็นเลขไทย ๖๐
  • ถัดเลข ๖๐ ลงมาเป็นผ้าแพรแถบ รองรับองค์ประกอบทั้งหมด โดยส่วนหัวผ้าแพรแถบเป็นเศียรนาค ท้ายผ้าแพรแถบเป็นหางนาค ซึ่งเป็นสัญลักษณ์ที่หมายถึงปีมะโรง อันเป็นปีพระราชสมภพ ภายในผ้าแพรแถบเป็นอักษรข้อความ พระราชพิธีมหามงคลเฉลิมพระชนมพรรษา ๕ รอบ ๒๘ กรกฎาคม ๒๕๕๕


อ้างอิง : http://www.thaigov.go.th/

Professor Dr.Her Royal Highness Princess Chulabhorn's (55th Birthday Anniversary 4th July 2012)

Featuring a complete collection of Princess Congress proceedings.


National Thai Language Day July29th

On July 29th 1962 His Majesty King Bhumibol visited the Faculty of Arts, Chulalongkorn University and participated in the meeting of Thai language Club. The day now has marked the National Language Day. เมื่อวันที่ 29 กรกฎาคม 2505 พระบาทสมเด็จพระเจ้าอยู่หัว เสด็จพระราชดำเนินมาร่วมการประชุมของชุมนุมภาษาไทย คณะอักษรศาสตร์เป็นการส่วนพระองค์ ณ ห้องประชุม คณะอักษรศาสตร์ จุฬาลงกรณ์มหาวิทยาลัย http://hic.arts.chula.ac.th/index.php/news/todayyesterday/267-thai-day

The Chemical Heritage Foundation homepage

http://www.chemheritage.org/

The Chemical Heritage Foundation is an independent, nonprofit organization, CHF maintains major collections of instruments, fine art, photographs, papers, and books. CHF hosts conferences and lectures, supports research, offers fellowships, and produces educational materials. CHF museum and public programs explore subjects ranging from alchemy to nanotechnology. From the CHF website we will find out about Donald F. Othmer (1904–1995) , a prolific inventor, with more than 150 patents, and a founding editor of the Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, which has been the reference source for scientists around the world. http://www.chemheritage.org/visit/library/donald-and-mildred-othmer.aspx . A lot more interesting knowledge of history of chemistry, and vital ways to explore the creative world of science and technology through CHF fellowships and grants http://www.chemheritage.org/research/fellowships-and-travel-grants/index.aspx is presented via a clip from the Othmer Library of Chemical History. Please visit and you’ll love it.

June 2012: UN Day of Vesak Celebrations

The great 26 centuries of Buddhism http://www.undv.org/vesak2012/en/index.php

Message The United Nations Day of Vesak Celebrations From Supreme Patriarch of Thailand

Vesak Day, the most important day of Buddhism has come again another time of which this year falls on June 4, 2012.
This year Vesak is the greatest of all as it is the year of the 26th Buddhist century or 2600 years of the Buddha's Enlightenment,
or 2600 years of the existence of Buddhism.
Buddhism is the teaching of the Buddha; briefly saying, it is to let us know the truth of life which is about Dukkha or sufferings, the nature of life. Saying in broad- view principles, it is the teaching of excluding the wrong doings, performing the good deeds and purifying one's mind. Whenever mentioning by the principles of practices, it is the teaching of moral conduct, meditation and wisdom practices for the result of well-being for many people or for worldwide people.

Therefore, in the occasion of the great 26 centuries of Buddhism with the generally organizing of celebrations, I would like to invite the Buddhists to commemorate the Dhammas that the Buddha kindly taught in accordance with the above-mentioning, and persuade oneself to truly study and practice together with the wider dissemination to the world population, for the well-being of humanity for good. Then, this will really be the so-called celebrations of the 26 centuries of Buddhism.

May the power of the three Gem and virtuous merits grant you all prosperities and happiness forever.

See previous alerts as following:

May 2012: World's best known, oldest, and most respected general medical journals

The Lancet http://www.thelancet.com/ is a weekly peer-reviewed general medical journal. It is one of the world's best known, oldest, and most respected general medical journals.[1]
The Lancet was founded in 1823 by Thomas Wakley, an English surgeon who named it after the surgical instrument called a lancet,
as well as after the term “lancet arch”, a window with a sharp pointed arch, to indicate the “light of wisdom” or “to let in light”.
It publishes original research articles, review articles (“seminars” and “reviews”), editorials, book reviews, correspondence, as well as news features and case reports.
The Lancet has been owned by Elsevier since 1991. As of 1995, the editor-in-chief is Richard Horton. The journal has editorial offices in London, New York, and Beijing.

In the 2010 Journal Citation Reports, The Lancet's impact factor was ranked second among general medical journals, at 33.63, after The New England Journal of Medicine (53.48)
The Lancet also has several speciality journals all bearing the parent title:
The Lancet Neurology (neurology), The Lancet Oncology (oncology), and The Lancet Infectious Diseases (infectious diseases), all of which publish original research and reviews.
These three journals have established significant reputations as important journals in their medical speciality.
According to the 2010 Journal Citation Reports by Thomson Reuters, The Lancet Neurology's impact factor is 21.66, The Lancet Oncology 17.76, and The Lancet Infectious Diseases 16.14.[2]
There is also an online journal for students entitled The Lancet Student. http://www.thelancetstudent.com/

See previous alerts as following:

April 2012 update: CGI reference databases usage 2011


สรุปสถิติการเข้าใช้งานฐานข้อมูลอิเล็กทรอนิกส์เพื่อการสืบค้นของสถาบันบัณฑิตศึกษาจุฬาภรณ์
ประจำปีงบประมาณ 2554
ในโครงการพัฒนาเครือข่ายห้องสมุดมหาวิทยาลัยไทย (ThaiLIS)
(Reference Database Usage Report 2011)
จัดทำโดย
สำนักงานบริหารเทคโนโลยีสารสนเทศเพื่อพัฒนาการศึกษา (UniNet)
สำนักงานคณะกรรมการการอุดมศึกษา
มีนาคม 2555

CGI reference database usage report

(Nov.2009-May 2010) (Nov.2010-Dec.2011)

http://www.thailis.uni.net.th/RDreport.php
Number DatabaseFrom web 2010 From ThaiLis 2011
1 ABI/INFORM Complete 61 297
2 ACM Digital Library 21 97
3 H.W.Wilson 109 180
4 IEE/IET Electronic Library (IEL) 533 1258
5 ProQuest Dissertation & Theses 28 1769
6 SpringerLink - Journal 711 2568
7 Web of Science 1213 2619
8 Academic Search Premier 26 143
9 Education Research Complete 26 57
10 American Chemical Society Journal (ACS) NA 4150
11 Computer&Appplied Sciences Complete NA NA
12 Emerald Management NA 23
Total - 2728 13104


March 2012

February 2012

Chemistry - An Asian Journal

What is “umami “? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Umami “One Hundred Years since the Discovery of the “Umami” taste from Seaweed Broth by Prof. Kikunae Ikeda.
In 1908, Prof. Ikeda found that glutamate was essential for a meal to taste good. He isolated it from seaweed broth, found it also in asparagus, tomato, cheese, and meat, synthesized it
by hydrolysis of wheat gluten, and developed into a food additive like sugar, salt, and vinegar. His primary intention was to improve nutrition with the aid of chemistry.”
This kind of information can be found from the Chemistry an Asian Journal (ISI 2010 impact factor = 4.188), published by ACES.
The Asian Chemical Editorial Society (ACES) is an organization of 13 major chemical societies in Asia and the Pacific. It was founded in 2005 as a conglomeration of chemical societies with the mutual aim of
creating a modern publishing forum for research in Asia and coordinating future publishing activities.
CGI and CRI published articles in this journal. See also http://www.cgi.ac.th/library
Boonya-Udtayan, S., Yotapan, N., Woo, C., Bruns, C.J., Ruchirawat, S., & Thasana, N. (2010). Synthesis and biological activities of azalamellarins.
Chemistry - An Asian Journal, 5 (9), 2113-2123.
Chemistry - An Asian Journal can be searched from CGI reference databases,
and most of full text articles are available from CGI Interlibrary loan service. Tel: 02-5541900 ext. 2145, 2147 Fax: 02-5541993 E-mail: learn@cgi.ac.th

January 2012

Ethics for researchers

CGI Learning Center brings to your attention some useful web resources on ethics for researchers.
“What is Ethics in Research and why it is important?”
NIH article by David B. Resnik J.D., Ph.D . http://www.niehs.nih.gov/research/resources/bioethics/whatis/
National Research Council of Thailand’s Code of ethics
http://www.riclib.nrct.go.th/ebook/Researcher%20Ethics%20Thai.pdf
APA Five principles of research ethics
http://www.apa.org/monitor/jan03/principles.aspx
Mahidol Sci.Library’s blog on Information on IT Laws
http://stang.sc.mahidol.ac.th/ait/blog/
Please search our reference databases for more fulltext articles on the topics

December 2011

Flag emblem. The 84th Anniversary of HM The King

84.jpg

Meaningful symbol. The King Bhumibol Adulyadej. On the occasion of His Majesty King December 5, 2554 Commemorating the 7th round. King P.p.r. golden letters, the color of the day King was born. In the middle of the crest. The letters with gold trim. The blue circle on the floor surrounded by a smooth curve golden mean that His Majesty is. Heart Center of the Thai nation. King is writing the numeral 9 denotes the ninth monarch of the Chakri Dynasty, the No. 9 under Maha Pichai crown. Royal title, the trappings of the monarchy. And as a sign of a mighty King. Next down the sides left and right. King's character has a golden Bin. The Sapt Sawettachat enshrined above the outer corner of the frame with a gold pattern on a green background color means the date the power of his royal birth. It also represents wealth and abundance. A symbol of peace. The letter King is a white bunny rabbit in the IX is a step which means auspicious year anniversary around the year 7 Rabbit Rabbit is the sign of the zodiac. By a rabbit on a blue background. Krahnk gold pattern. This refers to the prosperity of Thailand under the Royal Optisompar. Beneath the crest of the pink silk, gold trim. Written in gold that the ceremony was December 5, 2554 Commemorating the 7th round.

อักษรพระปรมาภิไธย ภ.ป.ร. สีเหลืองทอง อันเป็นสีประจำวันพระบรมราชสมภพ อยู่กลางตราสัญลักษณ์ขลิบรอบตัวอักษรด้วยสีทอง บนพื้นวงกลมสีน้ำเงิน ล้อมรอบด้วยกรอบโค้งเรียบสีเหลืองทอง หมายความว่า พระบาทสมเด็จพระเจ้าอยู่หัวทรงเป็นศูนย์รวมดวงใจของคนไทยทั้งชาติ ด้านบนอักษรพระปรมาภิไธยเป็นเลข ๙ หมายถึง พระมหากษัตริย์พระองค์ที่ ๙ แห่งพระบรมราชจักรีวงศ์เลข ๙ นั้น อยู่ภายใต้พระมหาพิชัยมงกุฎ อันเป็นเครื่องประกอบพระบรมราชอิสริยยศของพระมหากษัตริย์และเป็นเครื่องหมายแห่งความเป็นสมเด็จพระบรมราชาธิราช ถัดลงมาด้านข้างซ้ายขวาของอักษรพระปรมาภิไธยมีลายพุ่มข้าวบิณฑ์สีทอง ซึ่งมีสัปตปฎลเศวตฉัตรประดิษฐานอยู่เบื้องบน ด้านนอกสุดเป็นกรอบโค้ง มีลวดลายสีทองบนพื้นสีเขียว หมายถึงสีอันเป็นเดชแห่งวันพระบรมราชสมภพ อีกทั้งยังหมายถึงความมั่งคั่งอุดมสมบูรณ์และความสงบร่มเย็น ด้านล่างอักษร พระปรมาภิไธยเป็นรูปกระต่ายสีขาว กระต่ายนั้นทรงเครื่องอยู่ในลักษณะกำลังก้าวย่างอันหมายถึงปีมหามงคลเฉลิมพระชนมพรรษา ๗ รอบ ตรงกับปีเถาะ ซึ่งมีกระต่ายเป็นเครื่องหมายแห่งปีนักษัตร โดยรูปกระต่ายอยู่บนพื้นสีน้ำเงิน มีลายกระหนกสีทอง อันหมายถึง ความเจริญรุ่งเรืองของประเทศไทยภายใต้พระบรมโพธิสมภาร เบื้องล่างตราสัญลักษณ์เป็นแพรแถบสีชมพูขลิบทอง เขียนอักษรสีทองความว่า พระราชพิธีมหามงคลเฉลิมพระชนมพรรษา ๗ รอบ ๕ ธันวาคม ๒๕๕๔

Ref. กองบัญชาการกองทัพไทย

November 2011

King Vajiravudh Memorial Day - November 26

king6.jpg

King Vajiravudh Rama VI was a son of King Chulalongkorn and became King on October 23, 2453.
The royal contribution and achievements were known in the initiatives
in modern political development as he introduced democracy to the country
as well as the royal initiation in technology and business investments as marked by modern industrial firms in Thailand.
The royal personal talent has been his deep knowledge in Thai and western literature.
His literary works are the royal plays, literature, poems and translations of Shakespeare's plays.
He started modernizing the higher education system
by establishing Chulalongkorn University as the first university in Thailand.
And King Vajiravudh was the only monarch whose royal temple was created as a school instead - which is Vajiravudh Academy.

พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรเมนทรมหาวชิราวุธฯ พระมงกุฎเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว เป็นพระมหากษัตริย์รัชกาลที่ 6 แห่งพระบรมราชจักรีวงศ์
เสด็จพระราชสมภพเมื่อ วันเสาร์ เดือนยี่ ขึ้น 2 ค่ำ ปีมะโรง ตรงกับวันที่ 1 มกราคม พ.ศ. 2423
เป็นพระราชโอรสพระองค์ที่ 29 ในพระบาทสมเด็จพระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว
เสวยราชสมบัติเมื่อวันเสาร์ที่ 23 ตุลาคม ปีจอ พุทธศักราช 2453
และเสด็จสวรรคตเมื่อวันที่ 26 พฤศจิกายน พ.ศ. 2468 รวมพระชนมพรรษา 45 พรรษา เสด็จดำรงราชสมบัติรวม 15 ปี พระบาทสมเด็จพระมงกุฎเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว ทรงพระราชอัจฉริยภาพและทรงบำเพ็ญพระราชกรณียกิจในหลายสาขา
ทั้งด้านการเมืองการปกครอง การทหาร การศึกษา การสาธารณสุข การต่างประเทศ และที่สำคัญที่สุดคือด้านวรรณกรรมและอักษรศาสตร์
ได้ทรงพระราชนิพนธ์บทร้อยแก้วและร้อยกรองไว้นับพันเรื่อง
กระทั่งทรงได้รับการถวายพระราชสมัญญาเมื่อเสด็จสวรรคตแล้วว่า “สมเด็จพระมหาธีราชเจ้า”
พระองค์เป็นพระมหากษัตริย์ใน พระราชวงศ์จักรีพระองค์แรกที่ไม่มีวัดประจำรัชกาล แต่ได้ทรงมีการการสถาปนาโรงเรียนมหาดเล็กหลวง หรือวชิราวุธวิทยาลัยในปัจจุบัน ขึ้นแทน
ด้วยทรงพระราชดำริว่าพระอารามนั้นมีมากแล้ว และการสร้างอารามในสมัยก่อนนั้นก็เพื่อบำรุงการศึกษาของเยาวชนของชาติ จึงทรงพระราชดำริให้สร้างโรงเรียนขึ้นแทน

Ref. wikipedia November 2011

October 2011

Look here if you need permission & reprint to reuse Springer journal content

permission.jpg


Springer has entered into a partnership with the Copyright Clearance Center to meet our customer’s licensing and rights & permissions needs.
The Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink® service makes it faster and easier to secure permission from Springer journal titles to be republished in a secure intranet site,
restricted internet site, CD-ROM/DVD, journal (print/online), book (hardcopy or electronic), coursepack, e-reserve, doctoral thesis, research project, magazine, newsletter,
directory, newspaper, brochure/pamphlet, presentation or photocopies/handouts.
From now on, you simply visit: http://www.springerlink.com and locate the desired content.
Then you go to the article’s abstract and click on “Permissions & Reprints” in the right hand side menu

September 2011

Prince Mahidol Day September 24th

วันที่ปวงชนชาวไทยและวงการแพทย์ไทยน้อมระลึกถึงสมเด็จเจ้าฟ้ามหิดล
Follow notable commemoration on H.R.H. Prince MahidolFather of Thai Medicine” from Siriraj Medical Library
“For the pride of Siriraj, the Library has housed His Royal Higness collections, comprised of various valuable items,
such as books, hand written note books, and some correspondence.
Original items are displayed in the Mahidol Aduladeja’s Room, 4th floor, Siriraj Medical Library”

ขอเชิญติดตาม พระกรณียกิจและความรู้น่าสนใจเกี่ยวเนื่องกับพระองค์ท่านจาก
http://www.bangkokpost.com/kingmahidol/
Mahidol Aduladeja’s Room, 4th floor, Siriraj Medical Library
http://www.medlib.si.mahidol.ac.th/siriraj/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=177&Itemid=392
เรื่อง สมเด็จพระมหิตลาธิเบศร์อดุลเดชวิกรม พระบรมราชชนก พระผู้ทรงเป็นพระบิดาแห่งวงการแพทย์ไทย
http://www.vcharkarn.com/varticle/38179
และเรื่อง รางวัลสมเด็จเจ้าฟ้ามหิดล
http://www.princemahidolaward.org/index.en.php


August 2011

Her Majesty Queen Sirikit's Royal Birthday Anniversary August 12th

Today's Alert สำหรับท่านที่สนใจเรื่องการจัดลำดับการอ้างอิงบทความในวารสารวิชาการ
ดังตัวอย่างกรณีศึกษาที่นำมาถ่ายทอดนี้สะท้อนให้เห็นผลการจัดลำดับบทความวิจัยของสถาบันวิจัยและมหาวิทยาลัยในประเทศอังกฤษ ช่วงปี 2003-2007
ซึ่งOxford, Cambridge ครองตำแหน่งต้นๆในฐานะสถาบันที่มีจำนวนการอ้างอิงสูงของประเทศ
โดยแต่ละแห่งตีพิมพ์มากกว่า 600 เรื่อง
ทว่าที่น่าสนใจเช่นกันคือ บทความที่ได้รับการอ้างอิงสูงที่สุด ได้แก่บทความของนักวิจัยจาก Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute โดยสถาบันตีพิมพ์ผลงานจำนวน 98 เรื่องเท่านั้น
ดังนั้น ความสัมพันธ์ระหว่างปริมาณและคุณภาพจึงมีความสำคัญพอกันในการกำหนดตัวชี้วัดของผลงานวิจัย
ศูนย์การเรียนรู้ ขอแนะนำบทเกริ่นที่คัดจากข้อเขียนนี้
“Meanwhile, as is frequently the case, the top institutions as ranked by impact generally produced a smaller quantity of reports
but, on average, made each paper tell. Authors from the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, for example,
contributed to 98 high-impact reports and registered a cites-per-paper score exceeding 136.
Of particular weight was a 2004 Nucleic Acids Research report on the Pfam protein families database (Alex Bateman, et al., 32: D138-41, 2004).
This report, and its 1,000-plus citations (the third-most-cited paper in this survey) helped boost Sanger's Richard Durbin to the #1 spot among the U.K.-based authors featured here,
also assisting the placements of coauthors Alex Bateman and Sam Griffiths-Jones. …
สนใจเชิญอ่านต่อ http://sciencewatch.com/ana/fea/08mayjunFea/ จากฐานข้อมูล ISI Web of Knowledge
http://www.cgi.ac.th/library/services/ref_db
หรือhttp://apps.webofknowledge.com/WOS_GeneralSearch_input.do?product=WOS&search_mode=GeneralSearch&SID=W2bKF779lM782OaDJm8&preferencesSaved=&highlighted_tab=WOS

July 2011

Her Royal Highness Princess Chulabhorn's Birthday July 4th
CGI Graduation Convocation Ceremony July 5th
http://www.cgi.ac.th/news/announcements/2011_announcements/2011_07_05_graduation_convocation_ceremony_2011

Her Royal Highness Princess Chulabhorn lectured at 12th Nuclear Science and Technology Conference July 6th
สมเด็จพระเจ้าลูกเธอ เจ้าฟ้าจุฬาภรณวลัยลักษณ์ อัครราชกุมารี ทรงเปิดการประชุมวิชาการด้านวิทยาศาสตร์ และเทคโนโลยีนิวเคลียร์ ครั้งที่ 12
วันที่ 6 กรกฎาคม 2554 เวลา 10.05 น. โรงแรมแชงกรีลา กรุงเทพมหานคร
http://www.krobkruakao.com/ข่าว/40685/เจ้าฟัาจุฬาภรณฯ-เปิดประชุมวิทยาศาสตร์.html

Her Royal Highness Princess Chulabhorn opens “Chulabhorn Small Multi Mission Satellite” at Kasetsart University July 9th
สมเด็จพระเจ้าลูกเธอเจ้าฟ้าจุฬาภรณวลัยลักษณ์ อัครราชกุมารี พระราชทานนาม “สถานีรับสัญญาณดาวเทียมจุฬาภรณ์
และเสด็จไปทรงเปิดสถานีรับสัญญาณดาวเทียมฯ นี้ ในวันที่ 9 กรกฎาคม 2554 เวลา 13.00 น.
ณ อาคารบุญสม สุวชิรัตน์ คณะวิศวกรรมศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยเกษตรศาสตร์ และทอดพระเนตรห้องประมวลผลข้อมูล ชั้น 9
ซึ่งมหาวิทยาลัยเกษตรศาสตร์ รับมอบสถานีภาคพื้นดินรับสัญญาณดาวเทียม SMMS (Small Multi Mission Satellite) “HJ-1A”
จาก Mr.Zhang Xiaodong, Vice President, China Great Wall Industry Company
และ Mr.Xu Wen, General Director, China Center for Resource Satellite Data and Applications (CRESDA)
สภาเทคโนโลยีอวกาศแห่งสาธารณรัฐประชาชนจีน (China Academy Space Technology: CAST)
http://www.ku.ac.th/newdesign/hilight_detail.php?highlightID=141

June 2011

Welcome new CGI students

Library orientation June 8,2011 at CGI Learning Center Floor M
13.00 in Thai and in English
Sign up now, and walk-in is welcome on the date.

CGI Learning Center are happy to meet with all new students.
We hope you will find the library another place to meet and discuss with friends after finishing your classes.
Please note that we have 6 computers for you to take turn using for finding information from our reference databases.
Go to reference databases page from our homepage to find databases tutorials from YouTube.
Also 50 seats and Wi-Fi are available in the library, and library orientations will be scheduled to suit students' time and convenience.

CGI learning Center staff look forward to serving all students and faculty members to expand greater resources from the Internet,
especially from cooperation with other libraries.
We also feed news and interesting digital knowledge which you will find useful from CGI blog and Twitter.

Homepage: http://www.cgi.ac.th/library
Twitter: http://twitter.com/cgilearn
Blog: CGI Learn's Info Desk http://cgilearn.wordpress.com/

May 2011

New Collection for month of May




Printed Journals
  • ศูนย์การเรียนรู้ได้รับบริจาคสิ่งพิมพ์จากศาสตราจารย์ ดร.สมศักดิ์ รุจิรวัฒน์ ซึ่งได้รับจาก Prof. Dr. Minoru Isobe

Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences Nagoya University JAPAN ดังนี้

Title Printed
1. Chemistry Letters1979-1984 no.1-12, 1986-2002 no.1-12, 2003 vol.32 no.1-12, 2005 vol.34 no.7-11,
2006 vol.35 no.1-12, 2007 vol.36 no.1-12 (เย็บเล่ม 52 เล่ม เล่มปลีก 16 เล่ม)
2. Journal of the American Chemical Society1975-2007 (เย็บเล่ม 268 เล่ม เล่มปลีก 55 เล่ม)
3. The Journal of Organic Chemistry1975-2007 (เย็บเล่ม 187 เล่ม เล่มปลีก 26 เล่ม)
4. Organic Letters1999-2007 ( เย็บเล่ม 33 เล่ม เล่มปลีก 29 เล่ม)
5. Tetrahedron1959-2007 ( เย็บเล่ม 328 เล่ม เล่มปลีก 10 เล่ม)
6. Tetrahedron Asymmetry1990-2007 (เย็บเล่ม 66 เล่ม เล่มปลีก 2 เล่ม)
7. Tetrahedron Letter1966-2007 (เย็บเล่ม 329 เล่ม เล่มปลีก 15 เล่ม)
  • บัดนี้ศูนย์การเรียนรู้ ได้ดำเนินการนำวารสารดังกล่าวขึ้นชั้นเรียบร้อยแล้ว โดยจัดเก็บที่ชั้นหนังสือ ชั้น R1 ด้านทิศเหนือ

ของอาคารสถาบันบัณฑิตศึกษาจุฬาภรณ์ หากผู้ใช้ท่านใดสนใจใช้บริการ ติดต่อได้ที่ศูนย์การเรียนรู้ สถาบันบัณฑิตศึกษาจุฬาภรณ์ค่ะ



April 2011

Songkran festival

Taking place in the 5th month of Lunar calendar, a time when harvesting season ends and new cropping begins. April 13th became Songkran or Thai new year according to Hindu belief. Thai people in the old days celebrated by singing and dancing for the royal families to mark good beginning of fertility, prosperity and good life for everyone.


พิธีกรรมในเดือนห้าซึ่งอยู่ในช่วงเวลาที่เสร็จการเก็บเกี่ยวและเตรียมที่จะถึงฤดูการผลิตใหม่ถือเป็นวันสงการนต์หรือวันขึ้นปีใหม่ ที่นับตามคติพราหมณ์จากอินเดีย ที่ราชสำนักในสมัยอยุธยาเปลี่ยนจากวันปีใหม่ดั้งเดิมของชาวบ้านที่ถือเอาวันแรกของเดือนอ้าย เป็นสำคัญ พระราชพิธีในราชสำนักของกษัตริย์กรุงศรีอยุธยา จะเริ่มต้นด้วยการรัวกลองมโหระทึก และจับระบำ ต่อด้วยการเล่นโมงครุ่ม และการละเล่นหน้าพระที่นั่ง รวมทั้งการประโคมดนตรีอีกหลายชนิด ซึ่งล้วนมีความหมาย เพื่อความอุดมสมบูรณ์ และความปลอดภัยมั่นคงในชีวิต และ สังคมส่วนรวม

http://saranukrome.egat.co.th/BOOK18/chapter2/t18-2-l1.htm

March 2011

พระบรมราโชวาทพระบาทสมเด็จพระเจ้าอยู่หัว

TrueHits

- Thailand Web Directory and Advance Web Statistics at Truehits.net
- Truehits.net, developed by R&D department of Government Information Technology Services (GITS) Thailand, gives you your web visitors tracking services & analysis tools. Truehits.net serves every government's websites and commercial organization's websites in Thailand. All statistics data collected will be very useful for overall Thailand website's visitors behavior research and also content developing each webiste.
http://www.youtube.com/v/OG_tRWGHM2E
http://truehits.net/index_ranking.php
http://www.seoq.com/webstats/www.truehits.net
http://truehits.net/faq/f_stat.php

February 2011

Inventor’s Day

large_a04.jpg

The cabinet resolved on 10 May 1994, to declare 2 February of every year Inventor’s Day, to commemorate the achievement of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej, the Father of Thai Inventing the low speed surface aerator or the so-called Chaipattana Aerator. For this invention, a patent was awarded to His Majesty on 2 February 1993. Additionally, Inventor’s Day would honour an historic event when His Majesty became the first King in the world to invent such a valuable machine that greatly benefits the people. The observance of this special day is expected to inspire other Thai inventors to follow in His Majesty’s footsteps by broadening their innovative thinking and creating new innovations that bring benefits to the country.

http://www.ipthailand.go.th/ipthailand/index.php
http://www.wipo.int/portal/index.html.en

January 2011

National Library of Medicine and PubMed

20 million citations from biomedical literature from MedLine database, life science journals and e-books are available free for the world.U.S. National Library of Medicine(NLM) is the largest medical library, and NLM operates under National Institute of Health (NIH). PubMed has been most popular reference database for doctors, medical researchers and medical students for open access documents online. CGI Learning Center encourages our customers to keep up with current news from NLM and NIH websites as well as PubMed. We selected a few video presentations from YouTube for those who are interested in brushing up searching techniques and to make the full use of searching features such as Mesh Vocabulary which directs you to mine keywords more efficiently. Find out more from following links

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zmkfrp5JZYc&feature=share
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bnumyTg0gBo

December 2010

On the occasion of His Majesty King Bhumibol’s Royal Birthday December 5. 2010

We introduce this website http://www.saranukromthai.or.th

Thai Junior Encyclopedia was initiated by His Majesty King Bhumibol 41 years ago. His Majesty delivered a speech to the Working Committee on November 7, 1969 on the objectives of Thai Junior Encyclopedia that has been planned to represent textbooks of general knowledge. Everyone in the communities can learn from the encyclopedia and pass on the knowledge and teach others. The content of the encyclopedia is structured to relate all subject areas of knowledge, illustrating how sciences have relationship with arts, history and social sciences. Page design of the printed encyclopedia shows different fonts suitable for different age groups, while each paragraph provides enough information for readers to understand the topics.

Find out more from http://kanchanapisek.or.th/kp6/GENERAL/history/kspeak1.htm